BUTLEIGH PEOPLE - C

Cabble

Cavill – Kibbol – see Chapple

1) Michael Cabble Chr. 8 Apr 1824 Keinton Mandeville (Butleigh), labourer, s.o. John and Hannah Cabble of Kingweston

In the 1780's a John Cabbel farmed the Tythes of Keinton Mandeville worth about £70 p.a., taken in kind. In 1841 Michael lived with his parents in Longburton, Sherborne, Dorset then moved with them to Abbotts Hill, Pendomer by 1851 [and gave his pob as Butleigh]. His sister Jane Hagesand Cabble (24) was Keinton born. Nfi

Caller

1) Sarah Caller of Butleigh (probably meant for Callow) married Meare 2 Dec 1721 John Symon of Compton Dundon

She would have been born in the PR gap 1677-1714.

Calley

1) Hannah Calley

'Hanner' occurs receiving aid from the OOP from April 1818. She was paid when ill, last receiving a payment in September 1818.

2) James Calley b. 1835 Butleigh, labourer

Aged 5 in 1841, James had boarded with John (35) and Elizabeth Clark (25) at Compton Martin. In 1851 he was reported as visiting his 'relative' John Clark (43) and wife Elizabeth at the Coomb, Compton Martin. Possibly the illegitimate son of Elizabeth Clark? Nfi – but see Thomas Cole who married Elizabeth b. 1793 Butleigh – living at Compton martin in 1851/61.

Callow

Callow, Calloway and Kelway seem to have the same origin - from Osbern de Cailly born circa 1025 in Cailly, Rouen, France. The Callow family were one of the more numerous inhabitants of Butleigh but finding a solution to the genealogical sequences with all the Edmunds, Thomases and Henrys is proving difficult due to missing records and some speculative solutions below may need revising if more information surfaces. In Baltonsborough a John Callowe was Chr. 1539, s.o. Thomas Callowe.

1) William Callow

DD/S/BT/25/6/5 - 1] Sir Edmund Peckham and son George 2] Joan eldest daughter of William Callow of Butleigh, husbandman Copy lease for 299 years of a messuage and 1 3/4a, toft and fardel with Hoggeshaies (1a), toft and fardel at Wootton, croft adjoining (1a), 4a in Butleigh Date: 1562.

2) Joanne Callowe Butleigh married 25 Oct 1581 John Kellway #

3) Joanne Callow Butleigh married 25 Jun 1585 John Tutton #

4) Doona Callow married Butleigh 3 May 1593 Roger Knolles #

5) Margaret Callow married Butleigh 15 Apr 1591 Philip Pirry #

6) Jane Callow Butleigh married 29 Apr 1619 George Talbot #

7) Maria Callow Butleigh married 29 Sep 1631 Clement Meacher #

8) William bur. 16 Mar 1616 Butleigh (Dwelly's PR)

William Callowe paid £3 3s on the 1581 Subsidy Roll. [SRS Vol.88]

9) Dunstan Callow bur. 3 Oct 1608 Butleigh

Donstone Callowe paid £3 3s on the 1581 Subsidy Roll. [SRS Vol.88]

10) William Callow

See Mathew Knolls will for details of family

DD/S/BT/4/3/8 1] Thomas Symcockes 2] Sir John Meller of Little Bredy, Dors., kt, his son and heir Robert, Wolley Meller of Upcerne, Dors., and William Coward of Wells Grant for lives of Barbara Keeping's messuage, water grist mill and 3a, Katherine Symcockes' s messuage and 36a, Thomas Samwayes's messuage and 70a, a messuage and 70a late Joan Callow decd, the Churchhouse, a messuage late Joan Sutton decd, Tillye Walton's messuage, Rowley messuage and 70a, Joan Seymor's messuage and 18a and a messuage and 40a in Water lane, Butleigh trust to raise £1,500 for Thomas's younger children. 1641 (?)

11) John Callow bur. Dec 1630 Butleigh

12) Thomas Callow

13) Edmund Callowe

Rabody is an unusual forename – on 4 Nov 1610 a Rabody C.... married Roger Hatch [see Rabodya Chedd]. Had Edmund died and his widow re-married? Alexander is recorded as paying 1s 8d in rates to the Overseers of the Poor in 1673, the year he died.

13a) Edmund Callow Chr. 25 Nov 1604 Butleigh, buried in 1691 Butleigh

A 'widow' Callow appears in the churchwardens accounts in 1680. There may be generation slippage here – the Edmund who d. 1691 may be a son of Edmund b. 1604.

Edmund Callow appears amongst the commoners on the 1672 list and the OOP rates list in 1673. He paid rates on land in South Moor 1673-77. In 1677 he (or another Edmund? - probably not since the South Moor rates were no longer paid) also paid rates in Butleigh to the OOP [mostly as neighbour of Humphrey Callow sen]. The rate was paid in Butleigh 1677 – 1691/2 when Edmund was replaced by Thomas. Edmund was buried in 1691 (OOP).[An Edward Callow (1689, 92 and 1710 - CWA) might be meant for Edmund or be another member of this family -Edmund and Edward are easily confused when reading poor script]

13a2) Thomas Callow

Thomas, a mason, immediately followed Edmund (in the same place in the OOP ratepayer list) and must have been his son or brother. 1693 accounts are lost but he paid rates on the same property from 1694 – 1710. He appeared in the churchwardens accounts in 1692, 1708 and 1710 as a mason. The next Edmund may have been his son, or brother.

13ax) Edmund Callow mason

Edmund is mentioned in 1696 when he built part of Pirkes house (OOP). Edmund Callow appears in 1706 in the churchwardens accounts as a mason. This Edmund paid rates in 1708, 09, 10 and 1711. The OOP accounts record an Edward (Edmund?) supplying stones and carrying them to Waleyeate [Bridge]. In 1714/15 the CW paid Edward for one days work and for 6 days by his son.

DD/S/BT/6/5/20-22 Revd Francis Martin of South Cadbury, John Pope and Henry Talbot of Butleigh Wootton, Charles Strode and William Browning of Butleigh, yeomen, Thomas Samm of Butleigh, whitebaker, John James and James Chapman of Butleigh yeomen, Samuel Sweet of Butleigh carpenter, Humphrey Colmer and John Kelway of Butleigh, yeomen, Joan Difford of Butleigh, John Vagg of Butleigh, husbandman and Edmund Callow of Butleigh, mason
Covenant to levy a fine on a house and 1a, Beggars Well (4a), Fishwell (5.5a), Broadmead (2a), 3a in West Wood, the 41st and 42nd lotts (6a) in Southmoor, Langley (9a) and 9a in the fields of Butleigh. Enclosed assignments of lotts in Southmoor by the Chancellor family and others to Richard Helyar of Butleigh in 1674 and 1678. :
1706.

13a1) Humphrey Callow of Butleigh, born c. 1638, died 1694? or bur. 5 Jun 1718 Butleigh?

The Callows lived in Water Lane before 1653. A Humphrey Callow, ironworker-smith appears in the churchwardens accounts between 1673 and 1714. A child (NN) of a Humphry Callow was buried in 1689 Butleigh (OOP). Humphrey paid rates to the OOP from 1679 and in 1681 was called 'senior' (and placed next to Edmund Callow in the rates list). He continued to pay the rates 1682 until 1694. He paid rates on land in South Moor in 1687, 88, 94 and 1695.

13a1A?) Humphrey Callow, bur. 9 May 1736 Butleigh -?

Possibly the Humphrey who fixed the church lock and made a key for the tower door in 1716 (and another key for the door in1718). In 1725 made a new key for the church door and two keys for the coffer and an iron latch for the pew. In 1726 he made a bolt for the church door and in 1727 mended the church and tower locks (and again in 1728 – comment upon his quality of work!). See next Humphrey

13a1Ai?) Humphrey Callow bur. 23 Apr 1743 Butleigh?

A Humphrey Callow married Anne Davis in Baltonsborough on 12 Jul 1726.

The dates of deaths of these Humphrey fathers isn't certain – and the two sons deaths being so close suggest that they may have been of separate fathers. In 1712 Humphrey Callow junior (suggests that a 'senior' Humphrey was still alive) received relief from the OOP for his 'family in their sickness at several times'. In 1713 he received money from the Symcockes and Webb bequests plus further money to releive him in his sickness at several times. In 1714 he received house rent as well as relief in his sickness and in 1715 for house rent. His rent was paid to landlord Henry Pope in 1716.A Humphry, in straightened circumstances, was having his rent paid to Henry Pope in 1717 (OOP). In 1718 Dr. Periam was paid for 'curing' his finger. In 1720 his rent was paid again, and in 1721. In 1722 the overseers paid £1 2s 6d to have him carried to gaol! In 1736 Humphrey was paid by the OOP in his sickness and also received 3 pecks of wheat and part of his house rent. [see 37 below]

13b) Henry Callow Chr. 2 Sep 1609 Butleigh

14) Henry Callow died 1692-3 [too old to be 13b – possibly his son]

Possibly the Henry Challor appearing in the churchwardens accounts in 1680 making a donation to the building of St. Paul's Cathedral? A Henry appears paying rates to the OOP in 1674 – 1685 (in 84 and 85 he was paid to care for Alce Grimes). He paid rates 1685-1692, 1693 records are missing and in 1694 he was replaced in the rates list by Thamesin Callow, presumably his wife (or daughter?). Thomsin/Thamesin paid the rates 1694-99 in which latter year she paid jointly with Thomas Symcockes. The next year the rate was paid by Henry Callow, presumably her son.

X) Widow Callow and Margaret Callow [?bur. 28 Dec 1728 Butleigh [daughter of Henry ?]]

Not certain which 'widow' this may be. In 1676 and 77 widow Callow cared for the Grimeses children (see Henry (14) 1684/5 doing the same) and in 1678 Margaret Callow cared for them (+ Elner Russell). Obviously not the wife of Henry (14). In 1680 Margaret Callow was the Grimes' carer but in 1683 'Widow' Callow cared for the Grimeses while Margaret cared for Alce Manfield. - so two people concerned here? (mother and daughter?). In 1684 Henry took over the Grimes children while Margaret continued with Alce Manfield. Then in 1685 the Widow Callow took on Alice Manfield. But in 1686 it was Margaret again and finally again in 1687.

A Margaret Fiffin had married a Henry Callow in Norton Fitzwarren on 26 Mar 1709.

14a) Henry Callow bur. 13 Mar 1739 Butleigh

Henry paid the rate from 1700 to 1737 after which the property seem to have gone to Mrs. Elizabeth Pope of Lydford.. He was churchwarden in 1717-18. In 1718 noted 'for late Will Strode'. From 1719 - 22 he also paid rates jointly with Edward Blenman. In 1733 he was paid 1s 3d a week for 28 weeks for keeping Jane Gregory. In 1736 he received rent for Thomas Pollett. In 1738 the OOP record that he sat up with a chimney sweep who died at John Difford's stall and helped stretch him out when dead. An Ann Callow was paid by the OOP in 1738/9 for giving information against inkeepers. Probably the same Anne who received 20 weeks relief in 1739 and 26 weeks in 1740. (OOP) – the Ann Callow for whom the OOP bought a coffin in 1748/9?. A Henry Callow (son?) was taken to prison in 1741/2 along with Thomas Pollett and William Grant (OOP).

Ann married John Clothier in Butleigh on 5 Jan 1763. #

15) Anna Callow married Butleigh 30 Mar 1725 Andrew Sweet # Anna's birth would fall in the 1677-1714 PR gap

16) Edmund (Edward) Callow bur. 25 Jun 1764 Butleigh?

Daughter Grace married John Callow (34) # Edward's (?) child received relief in 1734, 1735 – see (31)

17) Thomas Callow victualler

A Thomas was paid 18s by the OOP in 1730 – not stated what for. In CW accounts for 1742 paid for three days work – 3 shillings. In 1743 he was given 1 shillings worth of ale for assisting in pulling up the 5th bell in the church. In 1743/4 he was paid for supplying coal and liquor to the plumbers (CW). In 1746/7 he was paid in liquor for shutting a bell-clapper. He appears in 1747/8 again as a supplier of liquor to men working on the church. In 1742 John Cannon of Glastonbury drew up a certificate for Thomas who swore that three soldiers belonging to Major General Armstrong's regiment owed him a debt for liquor consumed but not paid for. (Money p.698).

Mary Callow married John Periam Butleigh 8 Apr 1760 witness Stephen Callow (brother?) #

DD/S/BT/8/2/6 - 1] John Rocke of Butleigh 2] Elizabeth wife of Philip Avery of Butleigh 3] Thomas Callow of Butleigh and wife Ellen, Sarah and Anna Slade, daughters of John Slade deed by Elizabeth 4] John Slade of Butleigh, yeoman Assignment of Dunhill and Hobbses Hill, Date: 1730.

17a) Thomas Callow Chr. 12 Aug 1726 Butleigh bur. 21 May 1785 (pauper) Butleigh?

Thomas was paid for attending John Bown in Jan 1764. From March 1777 he was receiving money from the OOP in his distress. In Jan 1781 Thomas received 8/- assistance in necessity – in Feb stated 'having a bad legg'. After many payments the OOP finally paid for Thomas' coffin (to William Sweet) in June 1785. In 1790 the OOP allowed house rent to Jane Periam and Ann Callow's sons.

17a1) John Callow Chr. 1 Aug 1771 Butleigh, stonecutter, died 10 Dec 1853 (Dec Q 5c/391 Wells) buried in the Oddway orchard, Butleigh 41-13, 51-27 [John was one of twins, his brother being Thomas]

This couple lived together in Butleigh 1841 and in 1851 were at Oddway. Hope was a servant in Sutton Long in 1841 and married James Reynolds (b. 1816 Street) in 1845 (Sep Q 10/711 Taunton) and they lived in Street. She died on 26 Mar 1860 (Jun Q 5c/435 Wells) and was buried in the orchard in Oddway. Their child, Jonah Reynolds (b. 1847 Street) was buried in Oddway orchard, Butleigh, in 1853. John and Jane's daughter Jane married Joseph Locke in 1845 (Mar Q 10/745 Wells). # In 1851 John and Jane had their daughter Jane and her husband Joseph plus children, living with them. Jane Callow snr died in 1851 and John Callow died in 1853. Ann Callow junior married John Tucker and their son Levi (b. 1830 Long Load) lived in Butleigh and married Ann Davis in 1850,

Chris Locke has informed me that the Callows, with others, were granted permission (18 Apr 1817) by the Bishop of Bath and Wells to hold sevices in the house in Oddway. Also listed on the document are; John Callow, William Tucker, Samuel Witcombe and Uriah Lucas. A wall plaque was inserted in one of the downstairs rooms of the house which presumably was where they met and hence the burials in the orchard.  The Locke family own a printed leaflet bearing 'The Lord's Prayer' dated 1827 Butleigh and showing Butleigh Church. The family were also granted a licence to sell cider and perry from the cider house adjacent to the main house.

John his wife Jane were buried in the orchard at their house in Butleigh as was one of their children who died young and one of the grandchildren [brought from Street] and lastly Hope Reynolds in 1860. Then in 1874 Jane Locke was brought from Wales and on 9th May buried in the same orchard. The grave was not dug deeply enough and one of her sons jumped into the hole and made it deeper. John Callow the father had apparently made three coffins for himself when in good health but disposed of two to relatives before the third was made in which he was buried. The burial of Jane was watched by several people and the following day, a Sunday, crowds gathered to look at the grave. The family belonged to a sect called “The Particular Baptists” who were very Calvinistic – their sect dates from the early 1600's.

Will of John Callow dated May 28th 1853 -. Leaving property to his wife Jane Callow and money to his children, Slade Callow, Seth Callow, Nancy Tucker, Ellen Perron, Hope ReynoldsWitness Joseph Locke and William Eades.


17a1A) Slade Callow Chr. 7 Feb 1808 Butleigh , stone mason, bur. 12 May 1888 (Jun Q 5c/269 Langport) Barton St. David 51-28

A Christening, without forename given, in Butleigh on 7 Feb 1808 to John and Jane Callow is probably this one for Slade who is mentioned in his father's will of 1853. Slade and his wife had lodged with George Witcombe in Barton St. David in 1841. In 1851 Slade (44) occupied Bethel cottage with his wife Elizabeth (38) and children Tom, Matilda and Job plus John Simpson (22) a lodger. One room of house was used as a chapel but some rebuilding took place c. 1855. The Sherborne Mercury reported 21 Sep 1858 that Slade was fined for being drunk and disorderly.

On the 1861 census he was located on Butleigh Road, Barton St. David with his family, and later in 1871 at No. 7 Jarmany - just down the road over the Parish boundary from Oddway. Elizabeth died in Barton St. David in 1875 aged 62. Slade lived in 1881 at the same address in Jarmany, with his daughter Mary Ann Phillis Culling (26) and her family [she had married William George Culling in 1877], until his death in 1888 aged 81. Tom married Maria Jeannes from Butleigh in 1873 (Dec Q 5c/811 Langport) # and in 1881 they were in Shute Lane, Long Sutton, with daughters Ada (7) and Elizabeth (1) and Slade was a stone cutter. In 1891 he was on his own, lodging at 9, Maxwell Street (next to the Weslyan Chapel) in Ystradyfodwg, Glamorgan. He died there in 1898 (Jun Q 11a/212 Cardiff) aged 53. Maria had stayed in Barton St. David in 1891 (nfi). Matilda disappears after 1861 and is likely to be the one who died in 1864 (Jun Q 5c/322 Langport).

Job joined the Army and in 1871 is found as a private in the Grenadier Guards at Brentwood Barracks, Essex. He married Eliza Sams from Long Sutton in 1877 (Mar Q 5c/541 Langport) and in 1881 they lived at 5, Jarmany, Butleigh Road, Barton St. David with their daughters Elizabeth (3) and Lillian (1). He was fined alongside his friend Charles Vincent for being drunk and riotous in Butleigh on 26th June 1880, at the Somerton Petty Sessions in July.

17a1B) Seth Callow b. 1816 Butleigh, shoemaker, died 1887 (Sep Q 5c/302 Wells) 51-28, 61-53

Seth junior was living with Elizabeth Andrews, next door neighbour of Slade Callow, in Oddway 1851. His parents lived at Pond Head in 1851 but moved to Oddway by 1861. Like his brother, Seth snr travelled for work, and in 1871 - 81 he lodged in the Sadler's Shop, High Street, Stogursey. Seth died aged 74 in 1887. Seth jnr, a drainer, boarded at 2, Caribs Cottages, Stogursey in 1871. In 1881 he lived at Stockham Cross, West Bagborough with his wife Emma Parish (b. 1837 Bishops Lydeard) and three children. His wife had been a widow and her daughter Hannah Parish (21) lived with them. In 1901 Seth and Emma lived at Stockham Cross, West Bagborough with their son Eli (23). Jane married labourer Edwin Seeward in Butleigh on 14 Feb 1867 (Mar Q 5c/807 Wells) and in 1871 besides her own 2 children, had her mother and Nimshi/Munshi residing with her at 30, Queen Street Keinton Mandeville. # Elizabeth, her mother, died in 1877 aged 60. Jane died shortly after in 1880 (Dec Q 5c/274) aged 31. Nimshi Callow married Emily Moody 1879 (Mar Q 6a/23 Bristol) and in 1881 lived at Butler Buildings, Radstock and was visited by their niece Laura Seward (13). After his wife Emily died Nimshi married Mary Jane Watts in 1889 (Sep Q 5a/262 Warminster) - they had a daughter (7) by 1891 (in Radstock).

17b) Stephen Callow Chr. 8 May 1734 Butleigh mason, bur. 27 Oct 1769 Butleigh

Stephen occurs several times in the CW accounts for killing vermin – in 1743/4. In 1763 he was paid for setting up a wall by Nackers Hole (OOP).

DD/S/BT/14/2/27-8 - 1] James Corpe of Butleigh, labourer and wife Mary executrix of Joan Strickland decd her grandmother 2] Stephen Callow of Butleigh, mason Assignment of a messuage in Butleigh. Enclosed probate (1764) of will (1738/9) of Joan Stickland of Butleigh, widow. Date: 1764.

DD/S/BT/14/2/43 1] Mary Callow of Butleigh and son John Callow of Wells 2] James Grenville Surrender of two messuages in Butleigh, part Jackletts tenement.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1787. (?)

17c) William Callow mason, Chr. 15 Oct 1743 Butleigh s.o. Thomas and Eliza Callow, bur. 15 May 1824 Butleigh aged 82

In Oct 1771 William was paid for his work on repairing the Poor House and garden wall. William started paying rates in 1773 for 'late Stock's house'. From 1791 he paid rates additionally on 'Old Blacksmiths' and also 'Elizabeth Pope's mead'. On the Kings Sedgemoor William Callow and John Lucas jointly owned two commons which were initially occupied by Jonas Lucas. Later, various occupiers farmed the land – the last one recorded being Nathaniel Look in 1827. In 1819/20 William also paid rates on John Lucas's house in Water Lane. In 1820 this latter property was jointly rated to William Callow and J. Squire and in 1821 William and Uriah Lucas.. The rates were still being paid in the name of William when the records end in 1827 [no obvious notice of transfer from father to son in record]. In the rate assessment of 1827/8 Ann paid rates on a house of 2/2½d. A Mary Callow was paid by the OOP for George Periam's house rent in Aug 1772 [or vice versa?]. In Oct 1774 William was paid for Amy Bown, Joan Blenman's and other's house rents. He was paid for walling up the door of Wootton Poor house in April 1776.

A William Callow was obliged to pay Bastardy Pay in October 1778 and the OOP noted that this was for the child of Mary Williams [from March 1778] – Slade Callow Williams b. Feb 1778. In September 1779 the OOP paid 15/- ' To Wm Callow’s charge to Bridgwater to get ye ale houses suppressed'. In Oct 1793 William was paid 2/6 for his expenses on John Alexander. In the 1779 list of commoners houses to serve as Tythingmen William Callow 'for Clapps' is listed.

In 1798 William was awarded a certificate for 'the setting apart of part of the dwelling of William Callow as a dissenting place of worship for the Independents'.

William was paid for 'stones and other ware' in October 1803 and in Nov 1815 for 'stones covers and bottomers. Elan Callow with 'bastard' receivied pay from the OOP in Aug 1816 and these payments continued after her death (12/-). The payments continued until October 1821 then in the November the name Stephen Callow substituted. A final payment was made to him in August 1828. Stephen Ryall Callow Chr. 16 Jul 1815 Butleigh, farmer, lived with Ann and Betty Lucas (lodgers) on the 1841 census and he married: Butleigh 11 Apr 1844 (Jun Q 10/863 Wells) Ann Champeney d.o. William Champeney. They later emigrated to Lisbon, Waukesha, Wisconsin – Ann died 16 Sep 1875 Wisconsin.

D/S/BT/14/2/34 1] James Grenville 2] John Periam of Butleigh, blacksmith, Ann Callow and Jane Periam of Butleigh Release to Grenville in reversion of 3yds at Berhill, Butleigh. [DD/S/BT/14/2/34-41 tied together]. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS Date: 1785. [This Ann Callow?]

DD/S/BT/8/7/7 1] James Grenville 2] William Callow and John Squiar Lucas of Butleigh Agreement to exchange Whiteland (2.5a) and Sower down (1a) in Butleigh for Ffoley (1.5a, 1a), Sugg (1a) and 1/2;a in Whiteland furlong in Butleigh. [DD/S/BT/8/7/1-14 tied together]. [Somerset Date: 1796.

DD/S/BT/10/3/11-13 1] William Ryall of Butleigh 2] William Callow of Butleigh, mason and John Squire Lucas of Butleigh, yeoman 3] James, Baron Glastonbury Lease and release of Stroud's Bridge (4 1/4a) in Butleigh With fine.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT Date: 1801.

DD/S/BT/10/8/2 - 1] William Ryall, William Eades, Richard Holman, Nathaniel Look and Mary Newport of Butleigh, John Wheller of West Pennard, William Look of Butleigh, John Castle of Butleigh, glazier, Thomas Dominey of Butleigh Wootton, yeoman, William Callow of Butleigh Date: 1805.

DD/S/BT/25/1/34 - Agreement by William Callow and wife Ann to perform covenants with William Reynolds on moiety of tenement in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1818.

18) Israel Callow bur. 13 Jun 1736 Butleigh

19) Ann Callow bur. 11 Aug 1737 Butleigh

An An(n) Callow paid by the OOP in 1731 for keeping Stephen Gegory's four children. [see also 21]

20) Jane Callow d.o. John bur. 4 Jul 1749 Butleigh [no John that early fits the bill]

21) Anne Callow bur. 11 Jul 1756 Butleigh

22) Thomas & Ann Callow bur. 24 Dec 1768 Butleigh

23) Elizabeth Callow bur. 2 Aug 1801 Butleigh

Elizabeth/Betty appears in the OOP accounts receiving assistance from Feb 1800 until they paid for her coffin and burial in August 1801.

24) Anna Callow married Andrew Sweet Butleigh 30 Mar 1725 #

25) Elizabeth Callow married William Holman Butleigh 1 Sep 1747 #

26) Elizabeth Callow married William Cooke Butleigh 5 Aug 1756 #

27) Elizabeth Callow married William Vagg Butleigh 17 Aug 1761 witness Stephen Callow (brother?) #

28) Hellen Callow married James Cooke Butleigh 23 May 1763 # (see below)

29) Mary Callow married William Eades Butleigh 23 Jul 1772 #

DD/S/BT/6/7/6 - 1] William Eades of Butleigh, yeoman, and wife Mary [Callow] and Thomas Cooke aged 16 2] William Holman of Butleigh, yeoman Partition of an estate by assignment of a house, High Croft (4a), Breach (20a), Heal (16a) and Wheatland (3.5a) to William and Mary Date: 1773.

30) Edward Callow

31) Edward Callow [bur. 15 Dec 1728 Butleigh? see above Edwards/Edmunds]

In 1727 the OOP accounts record: 'pd Mr. Martin his bill about Callow when in custody and carried to Bridewell 9s 6d – and - pd Mad. Webb for money laid out by her in hospitall 4s 6d and 4s 6d more in expenses at sessions when Edward Callow was try’d about John More’s wheat'. The consequences being that in 1728 the OOP had to pay for relief for Edward Callow's child and in 1729 [kept by Edward's father] and in 1729 'pd in expenses on ourselves and horses two days one night at Wells to wait on the justices to gett them to signe the said indentures and for a warrant that Callow had for us to show caus why he should have noe more than 1s a weeke for keeping his son Edward’s child'. In 1729 Elianor received 6d to relive her in sickness. In 1730 Elianor Callow was paid in her necessity and a shroud and coffin paid for her child by the OOP. Elianor's house rent was paid and Edward's child had received 27 weeks relief. In 1731 the OOP paid 55 weeks relief for the keeping of Edward Callow's child. In 1732 the OOP paid for horsehire and expenses in going to the Justices about Eleanor and also paid her rent. She received relief in her necessity and was tended by Hannah Grant at several times in 1733 and her rent was paid. She also was sick and Edward's child received relief for 50 weeks. Edward Callow's child received relief in 1734 and 1735 (OOP). In 1735 CW accounts is a reference to a payment to Stephen Barns in part payment of John Groves expenses regarding Eleanor Callow.

An uncertain James Callow (son?) was paid by the churchwardens in 1742/3 and 1743/4 for killing several dozen sparrows.

33) Mary Callow illegit. d.o. Elinor Callow and Thomas Pollet bur. 26 May 1733 Butleigh

This Eleanor could be the widow of either Thomas or Edward above depending upon when Thomas died.

34) John Callow bur. 25 Jan 1764 Butleigh

A John Callow received house rent from the OOP for Margaret Chasey in 1736. A John Callow butcher received wood and relief in 1739/40 (OOP). The Lydia bur. 5 Jul 1755 Butleigh may also have been related: In 1738/8 Lydiah was paid for attending Anna Sweet for a week (a John Callow was paid for keeping the same Anna). Lydi/Lydeth's rent was paid until her death in 1755 when the OOP paid for her coffin.

In Nov. 1766 the OOP paid 2/- to a John Callow junior in his sickness and again in December and the early months of 1767 [this John's son?]. In Oct 1767 the OOP paid for 3 weeks assistance to one of John Callow's children. In Dec 1767 one of 'Bucher' Callow's (butcher?) children received assistance and payments are made several times in 1767/8 to this child. The last time this child received assistance was in August 1769. In April 1774 a payment was made to 'John Callow's son from Bristol' – 10/6d (OOP) and in August a payment 'to John Callow in Bristol in necessity'.

DD/S/BT/11/2/20 1) John Callow and wife Jane eldest daughter of William Talbott deceased -2] Edward Talbott, second son of William decd
Assignment of two fifths of Woodsplott (3a) in Butleigh.
1732

35) John Callow [bur. 17 Aug 1754 Butleigh ? '& Humphrey'?]

Dorothy was the widow of Thomas Colmer (9).# A John Callow was paid by the churchwardens in 1747 for 'a tutt and matt for Mr. Hood's pew'. He was the sexton in 1750 -1 and paid for cleaning the church (CW). In November 1767 the OOP paid towards keeping one of Hester's children. In May 1776 Hester received aid in her distress and for her goods {and her removal?].

A Hester Cook widow received assistance from the OOP from May 1776 – Oct 1776 but may be a mistake for Hester Callow 'widow' who received the same assistance (16/-) from Nov 1776 – March 1778, in which month a payment made to Mary Williams for 'Callow bastard'. This continued to August and in September Mary was paid for keeping Hester Callows three children.. Mary Williams later had an illegitimate child [b. Feb 1778 called Slade Callow Williams] of her own by William Callow [see below]. Hester's children were paid for In Oct 1778 when William Callow was forced to pay bastardy pay to Mary Williams and in November the three children were kept at Mary Birch's house. The OOP continued to pay for the 3 children but not stated who they were with. Itch ointment was bought for the children in June 1779. The children were two girls and a boy. The OOP paid for a coffin for one of the girls in January 1780. In November 1780 a shift and gown bought for the daughter and coat, breeches and hat for the boy.

A Betty Callow (the above d.o. John?) was in receipt of OOP aid in May 1789.

36) Edward Callow of Holy Rood, Southampton

[an Edward Callow witnessed OOP accounts in 1796 – uncertain which one]

37) Humphrey Callow bur. 20 Oct 1776 Butleigh

A Humphrey Callow and a Mrs. Creech were involved in a court case at Wells in 1742/3 for which the churchwardens had to pay £1 17 4d in costs. A Humphrey Callow was also paid for killing a hedgehog and 2 dozen sparrows that year. (CW). In 1762 the Callows did much of the work on the Highways of Butleigh and Wootton. Edward, Humphrey, Thomas and John. In July 1768 the OOP paid 4/- to Humphrey Callow's wife. In August 1771 Humphrey received 2/- in his distress. In Feb and March 1772 he received further assistance and at regular intervals until his death. The OOP paid for his coffin and laying out in November 1776.

39) John Callow b. 1731/5, died 14 Apr, bur. 6 May 1814 Butleigh aged 84 (PR 79)

John started paying rates, as neighbour of Mary Sheat (for part of Chasey's) in 1758. Rates were paid in this name until 1819, then Edward Callow. Contract between John and James Grenville in 1774, renewed in 1815. Gravestones in churchyard give ages and death dates. In 1819/20 In addition to Edward paying rates a John also paid rates (another son?). In the rate assessment of 1827/8 a John Callow was rated together with John Collins. [17a1 or 44?].

John Callow's bill for glazing the Parish House at Wootton was paid by the OOP in May 1772.

DD/S/BT/9/4/23 - 1] James Grenville 2] John Callow of Butleigh, husbandman Lease for lives of a messuage in Butleigh. Rent 1s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1757.

DD/S/BT/7/2/9-10 1] James Grenville 2] John Callow of Butleigh, husbandman Lease for lives of a messuage in Butleigh. Rent 1s. Endorsed with note of exchange. Enclosed agreement for a lease (1757).. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1757.

DD/S/BT/24/4/11 John Callow's assignment to Joseph Periam of arable in Butleigh West field.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1757.

DD/S/BT/9/4/29 - 1] James Grenville 2] John Callow of Butleigh, husbandman Lease for lives in reversion of a messuage in Butleigh. Rent 1s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1772.

DD/S/BT/7/2/14 1] James Grenville 2] John Callow of Butleigh, husbandman Lease for lives in reversion of a messuage in Butleigh in consideration of a surrender of Avery's tenement. Rent 1s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1774.

DD/S/BT/7/2/7 1] John Webb 2] Thomas Periam of Butleigh, blacksmith Lease for lives of house and 1/2a, 1a at Park gate and 2a in Butleigh West field. Rent 1s 6d. Endorsed with note of reversionary grant to John Callow (1774).. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH Date: 1711.

39a) Edward Callow Chr. 2 Apr 1776 Butleigh, s.o. John & Grace Callow. Died 1847 (Mar Q 10/435 Wells) bur. 18 Jan 1847 Butleigh 41-6

Edward paid rates on his father's property from 1819. A Mr. E. Callow was paid £2 12s for Betty Evans bastardy pay for 1 year in April 1828. (OOP) Edward lived in the High Street with shopkeeper Matilda Andrews and lodger Frederick White in 1841. This is probably the Edward Callow who in his advert was 'gardener for 34 years to the late Lord Glastonbury, and afterwards to the Hon. And Rev. George Neville-Grenville' who wrote “Observations on the Methods Now in use for the artificial Growth of Mushrooms” printed for B. Fellowes, Ludgate Street, 7s 6d [Morning Post 25 Oct 1831].

40) Ann Callow m. John Clothier Butleigh 5 Jan 1763 witness William Callow (next?)

43) Mary Callow Chr. 26 Oct 1754 Butleigh illeg. d.o. Elizabeth Callow

The Mary with son John in the reference next?

DD/S/BT/14/2/43 1] Mary Callow of Butleigh and son John Callow of Wells 2] James Grenville Surrender of two messuages in Butleigh, part Jackletts tenement. 1787

44) John Callow Chr. 18 Aug 1764 Butleigh s.o. Thomas and Helen Callow

This may be the John Callow who was the father of the Illegitimate child, Richard bapt. 22 Apr 1800 Butleigh, son of Mary May to whom he paid bastardy pay (OOP) – several entries for his payments. The last payment was made in April 1810.

45) Ellen Callow b. 1805 Butleigh m. 23 Apr 1829 High Ham Thomas Perren (b. 1799 Long Load) carpenter, and they lived in High Ham in 1851, 1861.

46) William Callow b. 1776 [Chr. 7 Apr 1773 Butleigh] Somerset, labourer, [s.o. William and Mary Callow], died in 1847 (Mar Q 10/437 Wells) bur. 23 Jul 1847 Butleigh 41-10

William Lodged in the High Street with William Knight, tailor.

47) Ann Callow bur. 5 Jan 1772 Butleigh

Ann received OOP assistance in sickness and distress in April 1767 and most months 1768 – 1772. In Jan 1772 the OOP paid for her coffin and burial. An Ann Callow's rent arrears was paid to Mr Grenville in October 1789.

48) Betty Callow - A later uncertain Betty Callow received 6/- from the OOP in Feb and March 1818.

Camble

1) William Camble shoemaker b. 1816 Exeter s.o. William and Jane Camble d. 14 Jan 1882 Exeter

On the 1841 census William and Mary appear at Prospect Place, St. Mary Major Exter without children. On the 1851, 1861 and 1871 censuses he was at 12, Market Street, Exeter and 1881 gives the address as 13, Market Street, by which time he was alone and widowed.

1a) William Hayward Camble shoemaker Chr. 2 Apr 1847 Exeter d. 1913 (June Q 5b/109 Exeter)

It would seem that William and Mary Maud spent some time in Butleigh after their marriage but soon returned to Exeter. On censuses both daughters are given Exeter as places of birth. William and family appear on the 1881 census at 16, Bartholomew Street, Exeter St. Mary Arches, Exeter. William went on to have at least five more children after Maude. On the 1891 census Clara was a domestic servant and Kate worked in a tobacco factory.

Cammell

1) John Cammell 1457 Rector of Ditcheat

The Cammell family had been wealthy landowners in Butleigh and retained some influence there. John's Will of 1458 bequeathed a prayer book to John Hobbes, the vicar of Butleigh. Another John Cammell, his nephew (?) from Glastonbury, left money in 1487 for the repair of the highway between Butleigh and Wootton as well as money for the fabric of the church - his alabaster effigy lies in St. John's, Glastonbury. As late as 1548 another John Cammell made bequests to the church.

Campbell

1) Francis Benedict Campbell b. 8 Jul 1899 (Sep Q 10b/684 Whitehaven, Cumb.), s.o. William and Elizabeth Campbell, d. 1 Apr, bur. 5 Apr 1974 (Jun Q 23/1354 Taunton Deane) Butleigh

Francis lived in the High Street at his death. His father was a coal miner. Other children recorded with these parent surnames. In 1960 he had his car stolen at Ashcott by two abconders from a remand home. [Taunton Courier 9 Apr 1960].

Candy

1) Thomas Candy b. 1777 Cloford, farmer, d. 1849 (Mar Q 10/290 Frome), s.o. James and Frances (nee Clark) Candy

Thomas was a witness to OOP accounts 1813 and 1814 and also occupied/farmed 6 commons in the Kings Sedgemoor in 1813 – 14 belonging to Lord Glastonbury. He was the Overseer (for Lord Glastonbury's estate) in 1814. He paid 1 years rent (9/-) for the Drove, due Lady day 1815. (OOP) On the 1841 census Hannah lived with her three youngest children at Wall Dite Farmhouse, Marston Biggott and Thomas lived at Broadgrove Farm, Cloford.

1a) James Candy b. 18 Oct 1813 Butleigh, linen warehouseman, s.o. Thomas and Hannah (née Rex) Candy, d. 6 Dec 1870 Oak Lodge, Wick Glos.

James married Louise Ann Clark (b.c. 1814, d.o. John and Mary Clarke) on 28 Jun 1840 Bristol and in 1851 they lived at 5, Elton Terrace, Horfield, Gloucs., with four children. In 1861 they lived at Elm Villa, St. James & St. Paul, Bristol with James listed as a linen merchant. They had eight children in all and Louise died on 20 Feb 1892 Bristol.

Canniford

1) Eliza Canniford b. 1818 Broadhembury, Devon, d.o. William Newberry, bur. 3 Aug 1891 (Sep Q 5c/298 Wells) Butleigh 91-118

Her husband had been John Canniford, an agricultural labourer, who died in 1875 in Broadhembury. John Canniford married Eliza Newberry on 23 Jan 1840 (Mar Q 10/179 Honiton) Broadhembury. In 1871 Eliza and husband lived at Broadhembury with their granddaughter Eliza (b. 1860). In 1881 Eliza lived with her widowed daughter Sarah Hole in Marylebone, London. In 1891 Eliza was a widow living on her own means in three rooms in the High Street.

Cannon

A John Cannon is mentioned as 'occupier' in 1777/8 on a property owned by Caleb Dickinson of Kingweston. An important book on this family is 'The Chronicles of John Cannon, Excise Officer and Writing Master' 1684 – 1733, 1734-43. J. Money editor, OUP, 2 Vols 2010 which gives valuable information about the Cannon diaspora in the area including the Butleigh members plus mention of other Butleigh characters and families.

1) John Cannon [b. 22 Oct, Chr. 11 Nov 1770 Kingweston?] Kingweston, agricultural labourer, [s.o. William and Martha Cannon] bur. 31 Mar 1855 (Mar Q 5c/540 Wells) Butleigh 41-9, 51-25

John received aid from the OOP in June 1801. In 1807/08 John occupied the property of John Hockey. Probably the John Cannon paying rates (1/3d) on a cottage belonging to the Grenvilles in the assessment of 1827/8. Jane was paid for making a cart smock for Stichfold in March 1820. This couple lived in No. 7, Compton Street in 1841 but after Jane's death John lodged in the High Street by 1851, with Charles Davis. Also lodging there was Martha Pike. Martha had been John Cannon's servant in Compton Street and she died in 1858 (Sep Q 5c/353 Wells), three years after John. There is a grave memorial in the churchyard for John.

Alternative John Cannon Chr. 18 Feb 1773 Kingweston s.o. Thomas and Susannah Cannon.

Contemporary John Cannons – Chr. 6 Aug 1769 East Lydford s.o. Ann Cannon and born 14 Feb 1773 East Lydford, s.o. John and Judith Cannon.

A brother James Cannon b. 1788 Kingweston married 7 Jul 1807 Kingweston Elizabeth Barber b. 1788 Butleigh and had eight children there - in 1851 lived at Pitcombe with their daughter Ann b. 1824 Kingweston.

1a) William Cannon Chr. 15 Oct 1797 Butleigh, bur. 8 Oct 1862 (Dec Q 5c/405 Wells) Butleigh 51-23, 61-48

In Nov 1815 the OOP paid for 'A journey to Shepton Mallet for Dr Mines to attend Wm Canon'. In 1851 William and Mary ran the Parsonage Farm (Home Farm) in Compton Street as a boarding house. In 1861 they occupied the Post Office (situated between the Church and first houses in the High Street?). Their niece, Susan Steward (Howard) (35) # visited them from London on census night. William died in 1862. Their daughter Mary married Henry Green in Butleigh on 10 Sep 1868 (Sep Q 5c/784 Wells) - he had been an agricultural labourer in Pilton in 1861. # In 1871 Mary Cannon, (66) now widowed, was the postmistress living with her daughter Mary and son-in-law Henry Green, then called a baker. Morris' Directory of 1872 lists Mary as postmistress with Henry as baker and gives the following information: Letters from Glastonbury arrive at 8.30 a.m.; dispatched at 5 p.m. The nearest money order office is at Glastonbury. Pillar Box at Wootton cleared at 5.20 p.m.

Mary Cannon died in 1872. Her daughter Mary Green died in 1878 (Sep Q 5c/336 Wells) aged just 33. Henry didn't waste much time and married Delilah Kick # from Butleigh, daughter of William Kick, shopkeeper and Minister of the Chapel a few months later (1878 Dec Q 5c/681 Langport) and he appears in Barton St. David in 1881 as a master baker with two baby children. Susan Howard, Mary's niece from London (38) was his servant (see above) - nfi. An Ann Cannon b. 1821 in Kingweston, a servant in 1841, may be related to the above. She worked in Shepton Mallet (Kilver Street) in 1861.

2) John Cannon b. 1781 Babcary, farmer, cattle dealer, yeoman, died 1856 (Mar Q 5c/307 Langport) [a John Cannon Chr. May 1778 s.o. John and Ann Cannon?]

In 1861 the unmarried Sarah was visiting her brother-in-law George Whitty at the Bailiff's House in the High Street with her nephew George W. Cannon (son of her brother Charles). Ann Cannon, Sarah's sister, had married George Whitty in 1847 (Jun Q 10/671 Langport). # In 1871 Sarah Cannon lived with her brother Charles in Babcary and they were still there in 1881.

2a) Charles Cannon Chr. 25 Dec 1819 Babcary, cattle dealer, died 1892 (Mar Q 5c/316 Langport)

In 1851 Charles Cannon snr lived at Babcary with his wife Margaret plus Henry (5), Charles (4), born Butleigh, and Fanny (8 months), b. Babcary. In 1861 he had besides, his wife, his two youngest children plus his widowed mother Honor and sister Sarah.

Charles b. 1848 was a pupil at Bishops Hull, Taunton in 1861 with his brother Henry b. 1846. In 1871 Charles senior was visited by his sister Sarah (b. 1824). In 1881 Charles snr and Margaret lived at Kingweston Rd., Keinton Mandeville with their widowed son Charles, unmarried son Herbert and unmarried sister Sarah (67) as housekeeper. In 1891 Charles senior and junior lived at 7, Queen Street, Keinton Mandeville. Living with them was Margaret, Charles' wife, and Ann Wittey [Whitty] (71) his widowed sister (mistakenly described as single).

Henry lived, in 1901, with his young wife Beatrice (b. 1873 Babcary) at Brixton Deverill, Wilts. He was retired from the U. S. Army. In 1901 Charles jnr lived in Queen Street with just his aunt, Ann Witty (76).

George W. became a cattle dealer and married Fanny R. Fessler (b. 1853 Geneva Switzerland) in 1876 (Sep Q 6a/122 Bristol) and in 1891 lived in Charlton Mackrell. Fanny was a servant in Shottesham St. Mary, Norfolk in 1871 (pob Aboyes-Vaud, Switz.). Overton died 1871 (Sep Q 5c/278 Langport) aged 14.

Herbert became a cattle dealer and married Adelaide Culling (b. 1854 Keinton Mandeville) and settled at 24, Queen Street, Keinton by 1891.

3) Sarah Cannon b. 1811 Butleigh, housekeeper

Sarah, unmarried, lived at St. Mary, Marylebone in 1851. The same Sarah Cannon (Camron) 'b, 1805' was housekeeper to the Baroness Garbagh at 31, Worlman Square, St. Marylebone, London in 1871 Nfi.

4) Emma Jemima Cannon b. 1842 Batcombe, housemaid, d.o. John and Jane Cannon 61W-63

Emma lived in Charlton Mackrell with her parents in 1851. She worked at Wootton House in 1861. Emma married Wallace French in 1870 (Sep Q 5c/620 Langport).

5) Henry Cannon b. 1844 of Milton Clevedon

Henry's daughter Mary Jane (b. 1871) ran the Cheese School at Butleigh Court in 1893 under the auspices of the Bath and West Society. It was announced in the Western Gazette 31 march 1893 - “Under an arrangement with the Somerset County Council the [Bath & West & Southern Countie Soc.] will open a school for instruction in cheese making at Lower Rock Farm, Butleigh, near Glastonbury on April 6th under the supervision of Mr. Cannon of Milton Clevedon , Evercreech whose daughter Miss Cannon has been engaged as teacher. …..Thos. F. Plowman, Secretary”.

The first Somerset cheese school had been at the Palace Farm, Wells in 1889. The Butleigh Cheese school had opened on April 6th and took in around 44 boarding students and was situated at Lower Rock(es) Farm. The 30 cheeses [cheddar] cheeses produced in April were sold for 60s per 112 lbs to Messrs Hill Bros of Evercreech. The second batch of 31 cheddars made in May sold for 66s per 112 lbs. In June and July they made 61 cheeses weighing 65 cwt which was sold to Messrs Hill Broa for 68s per 112 lbs.

The school closed on 31st October 1893 [Royal Cornwall Gazette 8 Feb 1894]. The Squire Robert Neville-Grenville was involved in the creation of these cheese schools which moved every year. The previous year it had been at West Pennard and they had made a special cheese for the wedding of the the Duke of York, the future George V. The following year it moved to Mark. There were also travelling butter schools.

Capelsee Chapple

Capron

1) Mary Ann Capron b. 14 Aug 1842 (Sep Q 4/364 Richmond, Surrey) Mortlake, Surrey, d.o. Richard and Elizabeth Caprin 51-37

Mary Ann was the niece of George Bampfield and his wife Ann, and was visiting them at Butleigh Hill Tilery on census night in 1851. Mary Ann ended up as a servant like most girls - she was back in Wotton, Surrey by 1881.

Captain?

1) Uncertain male child Chr. 23 Apr 1730 Butleigh

Cardwell

1) James Cardwell b. 1823 Wells, Somerset, apprentice carpenter, died 1901 (Jun Q 5c/302 Wells) 41W-15

James worked with Joseph Grant in Butleigh Wootton in 1841. He married Betsy Vowles (b. 1824 Wedmore) in 1846 (Sep Q 10/748 Wells) and by 1851 they lived in Vallis Way, Wells. He remained in Wells for all the subsequent censuses though his wife was later an Ann Hayes.

Carbeausee Corbaz.

Carey - see Cary

Carow

1) John Carow bur. 20 Aug 1750 Butleigh (a mistake for Callow?)

Carr

1) George Tidcombe Carr b. 1873 (Jun Q 5c/715 Keynsham) Keynsham, Som., baker and confectioner 01-134

In 1881 George had lived in the High Street, Keynsham with his parents and five siblings. In 1891 he lived at 84, Wells Road, Bedminster, with his father Henry, a boot maker, and mother Jane plus two sisters. George lodged at 8, High Street in 1901. His occupation was as a clicker. He had married in 1895 but the whereabouts of his wife and children on census night in 1901 isn't certain, though in 1899 they were in Cardiff. Thereafter she joined George in Butleigh where they had two more children. In 1911 George, Fanny and their four children lived in Baltonsborough where George ran his bakery. George and Fanny celebrated their ruby wedding in Dec 1945 when their address was Hothouse Farm, North Wootton, Shepton Mallet. [Western Gazette 28 Dec 1945]

Carrier

1) Thomas Carrier died before 1837

1a) William Carrier Chr. 13 Aug 1820 Horningham, Wilts, farm labourer, died 1897 (Dec Q 5a/81 Warminster) 51-37, 61-52

William lived with his widowed mother Eleanor, and brother Thomas, in Horningsham in 1841 and he married Charlotte in 1844. In 1851 William Carrier (29), his wife Charlotte (27) plus two lodgers, one of whom was his brother Thomas Carrier lived at No. 4 Quarry House. The couple had a child and moved to Oddway by '61. The family later returned to Horningsham in Wilts. (by 1871) from where William had originated. Henry Tom = Thomas who appeared as a coachman in 1891 at 39, Hyde Park Garden Terraces, Paddington with his wife Adelaide (b. 1858 Ledbury, Glos.) and son Henry (b. 1887 Horlingsham, Wilts).

1b) Thomas Carrier Chr. 8 Jul 1832 Horningham, s.o. Thomas and Eleanor Carrier, labourer, d. 1897 (Jun Q 5a/89 Warminster) 51-37, 61-52

Thomas lodged with his brother William (above) in 1851 but married and moved into a dwelling in Banbury Lane by 1861. He was back in his birthplace, Horningsham, Wilts by 1863 and appears there in 1871 with Caroline, and four children, one of whom, Ellen, had been born in Butleigh in 1861. In 1881 he had six children living with him (including Ellen described as 'housemaid') and he died in Horningsham in 1897, aged 65. Ellen, also called Eleanor, appears in 1891 as a servant-nurse at 60, Chaucer Road, St. Paul, Bedford, Bedfordshire. In 1901 as Helena she was a Hospital Nurse working at a private house, "Aldershaw", Wall, Staffs., and in 1911 she was a sick nurse (still single) working at 4, First Avenue, Cliftonville, Margate, home of Robert Hall, timber merchant. Probably the Ellen Carrier who died 1953 (Mar Q 7c/772 Warminster) aged 91.

Carter

1) Thomas Carter b. 1809, died 26 Mar 1857 Butleigh aged 48

Nothing more is known about this father and daughter apart from what is on their gravestone in the churchyard. No burial recorded in the PR. Thomas may have died elsewhere and only one such death is recorded, for 1857 (Dec Q 5c/443 Clutton). On the 1851 census that Thomas in Paulton, Clutton was married to Ann, he was a miner and had five children including Anna Maria – all born Paulton. On the 1861 census her mother was a widow – but the family still lived in Paulton. Anna may have died in service in Butleigh, or her father in Butleigh seeking work or cutting stone for the Court?

2) Tom Carter b. 1867 (Sep Q 5c/662 Bath) Bathealton, Som. gardener, s.o. Richard and Mary Ann Carter, died 6 Dec 1918 (Dec Q 6a/142 Bristol) bur. 12 Dec 1918 Butleigh. aged 52 01-145 P P2 PHOTO1906

Tom Carter was the son of Richard Carter, gardener at Bathealton Court, Somerset (1871 - 81). Tom had also worked as a gardener, in Streatham, London in 1891 before arriving in Butleigh in 1895 or earlier. He and his family lived at Court Gardens where he is listed as Head gardener in Kelly's directory of 1897. Tom played the part of King Arviragus in the Butleigh Revel of 1906 (once shown holding “Bobbie”) and his two eldest children played a part in the Maypole dance with Joan being the Rose Queen. REVEL PHOTO

In 1911 the family lived together in the 5 rooms of Court Gardens, Hilda being listed as a school monitor. They are noted as having had six children, all alive.

Tom's parents Richard (b. 1837 Hatch Beauchamp, Som) and Mary Ann (b. 1834 Broadway, Som.) had retired and in 1911 lived in Rose Cottage, Butleigh. Richard was bur. 24 Nov 1920 Butleigh and Mary Ann on 1 Feb 1922 Butleigh. Richard and Mary Ann are recorded as having 9 children, 7 of which were still alive in 1911.

Tom died as the result of post-operative shock at the General Hospital, Bristol and was buried 12 Dec 1918 in Butleigh. Hilda Joan married Charles Luke Hallett of Butleigh and she died in 1980, Ashford, Kent. Victor Ernest married Mary L Robins 1923 (Sep Q 5c/680 Bridgwater), and Doris Mary married Charles James Matthews on 23 Jul 1928 Bridgwater (she d. 1 Jan 1987 St. Albans – ashes scattered on Carter grave at Butleigh). Richard Dunster married Mabel Annie Jennings on 4 Nov 1937, died 2 Nov 1997. P STORY

3) Mary A. Carter b. 1840 Frome 91-120

Mary was a widow - and housekeeper at Holman's Farm, 1891. Nfi.

4) Ann Carter b. 1839 Coxley, servant 71W-86

Ann served at Wootton House in 1871. In 1861 she had been a housemaid at 6, Pultney Buildings, Melcombe Regis, Dorset.

5) Bessie Hannah Slocombe Carter Chr. 28 Dec 1865 (Dec Q 5c/603 Wells) Butleigh Wootton, apprentice draper, d.o. William Slocombe Carter and Jane Barwell Carter

Bessie lived with her farmer father (430 acres) at Farm House, North Petherton, in 1871 and she worked for a draper in Fore Street, Bridgwater in 1881. Her second forename at baptism was Anna, not Hannah.

6) Gladys Carter servant at Butleigh Court 1920's [Gladys May b. 14 Apr 1913 d. Aug 1996 Mendip?]

Gladys and her sister Ada lived at 29 Archer's Way, Glastonbury on retirement. Both served at the Court.

7) Charles Carter b. 1871, d. 1878 (Jun Q 5c/393 Wells) s.o. Job Carter of Hillhead, Glastonbury and Ann Masters

On 27th April 1878 an inquest at the Globe Inn before Dr. Wybrants, coroner, was told that this young lad of about 7 years of age tried to mount a truck attached to a traction engine belonging to Robert Neville-Grenville of Butleigh Court, fell off and was run over by one of the wheels. He received fatal injuries to his thigh and stomach. Verdict accidental death.

Cary

[Carey, Curry]

1) George Cary died 1679/80?

George paid rates to the OOP from 1673 – 1679 [1680 missing]and was replaced by Agnis Cary who may have been his daughter rather than a third wife. She paid the rates until 1692. after which the Semer (Seymour) family paid the rate.

2) Betty Cary Chr. 2 Dec 1749 Butleigh d.o. John and Elizabeth Cary, died 26 Dec 1756 aged 7

On her gravestone the visible legend begins “ ...lieth the body of [John ?] Cary who died 16th August [17x8?] aged 34, also Betty beloved daughter of John and Elizabeth Cary died December 26th 1756 aged (7 or 1x?) years”. An Elizabeth Cary was buried 15 Jul 1779 Butleigh.

3) Edward Cary b. 1718, of Barton St. David bur. 15 Apr 1799 Barton St. David [or next?]

4) Edward Cary [as bachelor]

5) Henry Carey of Charleton Mackrel married Mary Streat in Butleigh on 2 Jun 1755

6) Betty Cary Chr. 30 Dec 1762 Butleigh d.o. George and Virtue Cary of Barton St. David

This could be the Elizabeth Carey buried in 1779 but more likely the Elizabeth who married John Parkman, sojourner, in Barton St. David on 13 Apr 1793.

7) William Carey b. 1828 West Curry, labourer 51-33

William lodged with James Davis at No. 2 Brittons Court in 1851. Possibly one of the two William Currys of the same age living in North Curry in 1841. One was the son of George and Mary Curry and he was still in North Curry in 1861, the other one married a Martha and moved to Broomfield sometime in 1851 - 61. Nfi.

8) Jacob Cary b. 1828 Barton St. David, farm labourer, s.o. Charles and Sarah Cary, died 1913 (Sep Q 11a/332 Cardiff) 51W-38, 61W-65, 71W-86

Jane Windsor may be the girl who, at 14, was a servant in Wellington in 1841. Jacob was still living with his father in 1841 and he married Jane in 1848. In 1851 Jacob and Jane lived in part of Wootton Hill Farm. In 1861 they were living in the village with five more children. Another child, Henry, had arrived by the 1871 census when a sister of his wife, Martha Windsor, visited them. Jacob and Jane stayed in Butleigh until after the 1871 census then moved to 50, Bedford Street, St. John, East Cardiff where Jacob became a greengrocer. Living with them, besides two sons Henry and Edward were Frank Birch (Burch), John Birch and the latter's wife Ann (née Carey) and child Bessie - all from Butleigh. By 1891 the families were still living together but now only Edward lived with Jacob, who was widowed by then. In 1901 Jacob was with his son-in-law John Birch at 73, Mackintosh Place, Roath, East Cardiff . He is listed as a market trader and his son Edward, still unmarried, was a coal trimmer.

Charles and Albert had disappeared in the 1870's, Ann had married John Birch in 1877 (Sep Q 11a/374 Cardiff) but Edward never married and remained living with his father. #

Eli was a visitor at the Speech House (Hotel), West Dean, Glos. in 1881. He seems to have been part of a hunting party that spent the night at the hotel and in the census margin was written " belong to near Cowbridge, S. Wilts.". He was born in Butleigh Wootton and (as Elias) appeared there in 1861 and 1871. Nfi

A Lucy Winifred Cary married in Glamorgan in 1880 but not known if it this Lucy - nfi. Henry died in Wales in 1890 aged 26.

9) James Carey bur. 9 Aug 1859 (Jun Q 5c/536 Wells) Butleigh

No age given for this James in the PR (need the death Cert.) - he died in Wells Union Workhouse. A James Cary was receiving assistance from the OOP in Jan and April 1823 and again in Nov 1834.

Case

1) James Case b. 1845, bur. 19 Jun 1857 (Jun Q 5c/394 Wells) Butleigh

No further information on this child.

2) George Case Chr. 8 Jun 1815 Langport, blacksmith, s.o. James and Mary Case 51-37 (reads Cave on census)

In 1851 George lodged with Charles Petty in Dumb Lane. In 1861 he was in Street and in 1871 in Chilton Polden.

Casset (?)

1) Richard Casset - (surname not certain) appeared in the churchwardens accounts of 1699 for killing 2 polecats. [Cassel?]

Cassidy

1) Thomas Stephen Cassidy s.o. Tom Cassidy d. 18 Jun 2008 aged 55 formerly of Butleigh and Street father of Nathan and Gemma

Castle

The Castle family lived in Butleigh from the early mid 1700's and Cornelius was a favoured name though three sons Christened with it died shortly afterwards. This family seems to have had an unusually high mortality rate for infants.

1) Cornelius Castle b. 23 Nov, Chr. 26 Dec 1697 Wookey s.o. Thomas and Christian Castle

The Cornelius born 1697 was the son of Thomas castle, a pedlar. Thomas was buried Wookey 18 Sep 1702 and his widow Christian 26 Mar 1705.

Cornelius appears in the OOP accounts in 1748/9 when he paid them £1 7s 6d. Almost certainly father of the next and most likely the person from North Curry. Cornelius Castle was buried 10 Jan 1766 Street [the only Castle BMD in Street].

2) John Castle Sojourner, glazier, bur 12 Mar 1768 Butleigh

A John Castle Chr. 16 Feb 1723/4 North Curry was the son of Cornelius and Mary Castle. This would seem to be this person and (1) his father.

This must be the John Castle who had the illegitimate child, Betty Chr. 24 Jul 1744 Butleigh, with Mary Sauldand perhaps this Mary became his first wife. Betty married Richard Periam on 15 Aug 1767 Butleigh with the surname Castle which suggest that this is what happened. John was paid in 1746/7 for glazing (plus a bill and attendance upon him by Andrew Larcombe) and for his soldering work in 1748, 49 by the churchwardens. In 1750/1 he leaded the church tower roof and carried out more glazing (CW). The OOP paid for two journeys to Widworthy in 1764/5.

The fact that the name Cornelius was important to John, and also to his son John suggests that the father of this first John was Cornelius. It was only successfully used in the third generation, though no Christening yet found - see below. Agnes married James Frost of Ilchester in Butleigh on 9 Apr 1781. Jane married William Sweet on 4 Jun 1781 Butleigh.

DD/S/BT/8/3/12 - 1] Joseph Greenham of Chiselborough 2] Philip Avery of Butleigh 3] Edward Blinman of Butleigh 4] John Castle of Butleigh, glazier Assignment of mortgage term on Browns well (6a), Shelfhedge (6a), 1a arable adjoining Stones piece, 2a by highway from New Date: 1766.

2a) John Castle glazier, Chr. 1 Oct 1749 Butleigh died 1812 (?)

John paid for plough work done 'on Wootton Way above Mr. Talbot's in 1761 for Richard Holman – actually paid by OOP in 1763. In Jan 1770 John received £1 11 6d in 'his reight of Vearing's house' from the OOP. At his marriage he was described as of Butley. He received 3/9 for glazing in Jan 1774. In Oct 1780 John was paid for repairing the Poor House window in Butleigh. In Jan 1786 he glazed the windows of the Poor House again – 'where Richard Rendel lived', and again in October 1787, Feb 1788 and Sep 1797. John was paid for glazing Gills house in April May 1802. In April 1803 he repaired the windows at William Higgins house. John was paid £2 6s 2d for his work on repairing Mary Hodges house in 1808 (OOP). There are several other instances of glazing work carried out by John and paid for by the OOP before 1812. From 1813 the glazing work was done by his son – see Jan 1813 OOP.

For this John and his second wife Mary no Butleigh burial can be found which suggests that they may have moved away? A John Castle was bur. 3 Mar 1810 at Christon, near Loxton. Seven of their eleven children died in infancy and only John of the two surviving sons married and had children.

John Castle started paying rates on 'late Talbots' from 1787/8 until 1812/13 and in 1813 the rates were paid by James Castle. In 1817 the property was bought by Mr. Holman. On the Kings Sedgemoor, John Castle was an owner of a common from the first listing in 1796 – 1912. T. Frampton occupied the land from 1813, then Uriah Lucas up to 1818. From 1818/19 the common belonged to Lord Glastonbury. Son James received aid from the OOP in Feb 1818 and part of his rent was paid in May 1819. Perhaps he was injured or sick in some way and from this period part of his house rent was regularly paid by the OOP. In April 1821 the OOP paid for the transfer by horse and cart of 'Castle's good' from one house to another.

DD/S/BT/10/8/1 1] John Castle of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Aaron Wheller of Butleigh, labourer Assignment of Nive Batch in Kings Sedgemoor, Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1801.

DD/S/BT/10/8/2 1] William Ryall, William Eades, Richard Holman, Nathaniel Look and Mary Newport of Butleigh, John Wheller of West Pennard, William Look of Butleigh, John Castle of Butleigh, glazier, Thomas Dominey of Butleigh Wootton, yeoman, William Callow of Butleigh Date: 1805

DD/S/BT/13/3/11-12 - 1] Mary, John and James Castle of Butleigh, administrators of John Castle decd 2] James, Baron Glastonbury Assignment of common in Kings Sedgemoor, Butleigh. Enclosed contract (1812) to sell to William Ryall.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT Date: 1812.

2a1) John Castle Chr. 5 Oct 1779 Butleigh, bur. 11 Feb 1827 Butleigh [aged 46]

Two entries in Oct/Nov 1802 for Mr. Welch having John Castle 'cognis travised' at Bridgwater and Taunton sessions. John paid for Mary's lying in (Jan 1803) and was paying bastardy pay to Mary before they married for a child John May Chr. 5 Jan 1803. Mary already had an earlier illegitimate son, Richard May when she married John Castle. # The OOP paid for the coffin of Castles child Rachael in Aug 1822. In Sep 1816 John received rent from the OOP for John Oram who lived with him. In 1819/20 John Castle began paying rates and by 1820 the property seems to be occupied by John Collins who then paid the rates. In 1821 John Castle received rent from the OOP (£4) and also John Castle and Fry (£3). In June 1822 John paid for glazing at the new cottage Sealy's Row. John was ill several times and in April 1824 Edmund Lye was paid for looking after him for two days. Mary Castle was receiving aid from ther OOP from 1827. In March 1828 they stated that she would receive her 12/- only if she desisted from selling cider! In March an inventory was made of her goods. In Sep 1833 the OOP piad part towards the passage to Liverpool of Betsy Castle {Elizabeth?).

Brother and sister William and Sarah lived together in 1841 in Compton Street. Sarah married Levi Gilham in 1843 (Sep Q 10/675 Wells) and they lived on Butleigh Hill in 1851.p# Elizabeth married Robert Stride in Butleigh on 13 May 1839 (Jun Q 10/803 Wells). #

2a1A) James Castle Chr. 27 Oct 1805 Butleigh, publican, bur. 19 Jan 1885 (Mar Q 5c/423 Wells) Butleigh 81-102

In 1881 James Castle (75), retired publican, and wife Elizabeth (73) lived at (?25,) High Street. They had appeared first in Queen Camel in 1841, with a boy James (b. 1838), - James was then a gardener. In 1851 at Hazelgrove, Queen Camel the boy James was absent and was probably not James's son but his nephew (s.o. Cornelius) absent from Butleigh? - see (2a). Hannah Allen, James' mother-in-law (b. Barton St. David) was visiting in 1851, along with Sarah Ann Stride (born 1840, Butleigh), his niece. Sarah Ann also appears listed in 1851 in Compton Street with her parents. # .In 1861 James was a coachman living at Fars Hill, Wimborne Minster, Dorset - no children recorded. In 1871 James(Caille) ran the "Crown Inn" in Milford, Hampshire with his wife Elizabeth. James died in 1885 and his wife Elizabeth died in 1887 aged 79.

If the boy James in 1841 was James' son then what happened to him? A James (b. 1838 Churchill) was staying with his uncle John in Churchill in 1851, described as 'dumb idiot from birth' and was in Axbridge Workhouse from 1861 - 1901 dying in 1902 (Dec Q 5c/328 Axbridge) aged 64. But there seems no Queen Camel or Butleigh connection to this Churchill born James, and the above scenario (2a) is most likely.

2a1B) William Castle Chr. 25 Jun 1815 Butleigh, s.o. John Castle, d. 27 Apr, bur. 3 May 1888 (Jun Q 5c/351 Wells) Butleigh 41-11, 51-36, 61-57, 71-79, 81-103

William married Hannah in 1842 and they lived all their lives in Oddway from 1851 until their deaths. Hannah died in 1877. Of their children; The 17 year old Isabella married labourer Emanuel Walters in Butleigh on 26 Sep 1860 (Sep Q 5c/891 Wells) and thereafter lived in Glastonbury. A John Castle married Fanny Stevens from Wells in 1871 (Dec Q 5c/735 Langport), an Asylum attendant. He became a Gardener and Inn Keeper in All Saints, Birmingham in 1881. This was probably the Fanny b. 1849 Kingweston (51K-43, 61K-68, 71K-90)

Emma became an under-housemaid in Abbey House, Chilkwell St., Glastonbury (home of James Austin) in 1871. In 1881 she was a cook at the home of the curate, Richard Murray, in Baltonsborough.. In 1891 She was the cook at Hound Street, Sherborne and she married George Lambert in 1894 (Sep Q 5a/658 Sherborne) and they lived in Sherborne. She was a widow by 1911 living at Mogador, Reigate, Surrey, and never had children – occupation 'cure taker'..

William Castle married the widow Jane Talbot in 1878 (Mar Q 5c/731 Wells) but she died in 1879 (Jun Q 5c/401 Wells) aged 50. At this second marriage he stated his father was Cornelius and the witness was also Cornelius!? Probably confused by the excitement of the occasion. William lived alone in the New Road in 1881. He married a third time in 1883, to Elizabeth Cary but died in 1888 aged 75. His widow remarried in 1889. In 1885 at the Glastonbury Great Market he was awarded !st prize of £2 for 42 years and two months service on the farm of Robert Neville Grenville. [Bristol Mercury 15 Dec 1885].

2a1Bi) Frederick Castle Chr. 4 Mar 1847 (Mar Q 10/518 Wells) Butleigh 51-36, 61-57, 71-79

Frederick married Annie in 1875 and became an attendant at the County Asylum by 1881. He was still there as an attendant 1891, living at Bath Road, with his wife and three children. In 1901 [Custle] he was listed as a 'Hotel landlord' and lived at 25, St. Thomas Street, Wells with Annie and their two daughters. In 1911 he was landlord of the 'Goat Inn' 8, Thomas Street, Wells and lived there with Annie and daughter Blanche.

3) Cornelius Castle b. 1811 Butleigh, labourer. bur. 16 Aug 1884 (Sep Q 5c/329 Wells) Butleigh 41-5, 51-26, 61-50, 71-80, 81-95

The OOP paid for shoes for Cornilis Castle in Feb 1829. In 1841 Cornelius and his family lived in the High Street and lodging with James Birch next door was his son Edwin Castle aged 7 (grandson of William and Mary Hodges - William lived three doors away in 1841). Cornelius had twin girls Martha and Mary. James, an older boy (4) was absent and may have been living with relatives (appeared with James Castle (35) at Queen Camel? - (1a1A)), returning in 1851.

In 1851 Cornelius Castle lived with Eliza (36), James (14), Mary (11), Martha (11), Tom (7) and Ann (2). Son Tom lodged with his grandparent William and Mary Hodges - as was Edwin still. Mary married labourer Edward Davis in Butleigh on 8 Nov 1860 (Dec Q 5c/1101 Wells). # Cornelius won a prize for his potatoes at the Glastonbury Great Market of Dec 1858.

In 1861 Cornelius lived with his wife Eliza (46) and Ann (12), Elizabeth (8), John (5) and Fanny (1). James lodged with Richard Higgins while Martha was at Barton Rd., Edwin and Tom still lodged with William Hodges. Martha married George Laver in Butleigh on 30 Dec 1861 (Dec Q 5c/1062 Wells) and after his death married Thomas Gregory in 1890 (Dec Q 6a/193 Barton Regis) # At the Glastonbury Great Market in Dec 1864 Cornelius was awarded 1st prize of £3 for bringing up seven children. [Western daily Press 13 Dec 1864]

In 1871 Cornelius seems to be at Pound Cottage, 30, High Street with his wife Eliza (53) and Ann (22), Elizabeth (18) John (14), Fanny (10) and grandson Frederick (8 months). Frederick was the second of Ann's illegitimate children, the first having died shortly after birth in 1868. Annie never married - see below. Elizabeth married John Talbot in 1878 (Jun Q 5c/853 Wells).# John went to board in Bridle Lane, Ripley, Derbyshire 1881 where he worked for the Midland Railway Co. as a Number Taker. He later married Elizabeth Astle (b. 1864 Chellaston) in 1885 (Mar Q 7b/491 Shardlow). They had several children and lived in Willington, Derbys (1891). By 1901 he was a signalman living at 3, Rock Mound, Fairfield, Derby. In 1911 he was a Midland Railway signalman living at 1, Lea Bank, Tarrfield, Buxton with his wife and daughter Emily Elizabeth (15) – one of the two sirviving of his originally four children. Edwin - nfi after 1861.
In
1881 Cornelius Castle (67), shepherd, lived with wife Eliza (65) and daughters Annie (31), a laundry maid and Fanny (21), also a laundry maid, plus grandson Frederick (10). Cornelius died in 1884 aged 75. Tom Castle never married and died in 1887 aged 43.

In 1891 Eliza Castle (74) widow, lived in three rooms with daughters Annie (42), Fanny (40) and grandson Fred Castle (20). Fanny died in 1895 (Sep Q 5c/286 Wells) aged just 34. Her mother Eliza died in 1897 aged '74' or 87 (questioned in PR) - actually 82.

Frederick married Annie Bennett (b. 1868 Devizes, Wilts) in 1897 (Mar Q 5a/137 Devizes) and by 1901 they lived in 2, Priory Road Wells with a daughter Aldrey plus his mother(-in-law) Annie. Annie Bennett had been the nurse at the Corner House, Butleigh in 1891, home of Ethelreda Stopford. #

3a) James Castle Chr. 30 Jul 1837 Butleigh, brick and tile maker, bur. 24 Dec 1904 (Dec Q 5c/297 Wells) Butleigh 51-26, 61-58, 71-78, 81-99, 91-127, 01-140

James Castle married Susan Higgins in 1862 and James became the brick and tile moulder at Bakers Grave [Brick Kiln Cottage] in 1871. They remained there all their lives. An infant Mary Ann buried 24 Jan 1868 (Mar Q 5c/408 Wells) Butleigh was probably a child of this couple.

Frances Ann married the gamekeeper James Hill in Butleigh 22 Feb 1882 (Mar Q 5c/743 Wells) and they thereafter lived at Whatley. #

George became a carpenter's apprentice lodging in Mill Lane, Castle Cary with Alfred Hill, Wheelwright (1891), who had married Emily Higgins from Butleigh. # George married Elizabeth [Eliza] Richards (b. 1870 Castle Cary) in 1892 (Dec Q 5c823 Wincanton) and moved to 72, St. Thomas St., Wells by 1901. In 1911 they were at 24, St. Thomas Street, Wells with their three children.

Tom was a 'stores porter' in the Somerset and Bath Lunatic Asylum, Wells in 1891, and married Fannie Elizabeth Vincent from Glastonbury in 1892 (Dec Q 5c/963 Wells). In 1901 they lived at 3, Cross Park Terrace, Heavitree, Devon where Tom was a clerk and store keeper. His son Leslie was born there in 1895, plus Gladys (5) and Reginald (3).

Edwin married Lillie (Lily) Thomas in 1893 (Sep Q 6a/345 Barton Regis) and is found at 18, Lansdown Rd., Clifton, Bristol in 1901 where he was a labourer in a brewery. By 1911 the couple had 11 children at the same address and he was now engineman at the brewery.

Ernest married Bessie Hunt in 1900 (Sep Q 6a/92 Bristol) from Castle Cary and moved to South Highbridge, as a carpenter (1901). By 1911 they lived at Bath Road, Wells with their three children.

By 1901 James and Susan lived with just their daughter Eva (26) a dressmaker. James died in 1904 aged 67.

Eva married blacksmith Ernest Edward Stark (b. 1877) of Keinton Mandeville in Butleigh on 29 Oct 1903 (Dec Q 5c/919 Wells). In 1911 they lived in Keinton Mandeville with their two children plus Susan Castle, Eva's mother.

4) William Castle b. 1821 Somerset, labourer 41W-15

William lodged with Charles Roop in 1841. He could be the son - born Kingston, who lived with his parents; a John and Eliza Castle, at Rowbarton, Taunton in 1851 - nfi.

5) Ann Castle b. 1812 Butleigh - daughter of John and Mary?

This fits an Ann Field, b. 1812 Butleigh wife of carman Isaac Field (b. 1792 Middlesex) who lived at St. Marylebone, London in 1861. In 1851 they are shown childless. In 1841 however, Isaac and an 'Anne' have sons - the oldest being James b. 1822. - but the wife Anne is given dob of 1801 and a London birth. This wife must have died and the entry for the marriage of Isaac Field to Ann Castle in 1843 (Dec Q 1/261 Pancras) suggests she is the Ann, b. Butleigh, on the later censuses.

Cates

1) Edwin Alfred Cates b. 1846 (Dec Q 1/233 Marylebone) Marylebone, Middlesex, London, pupil teacher. 61-49

Edwin was an apprentice teacher in 1861 at the Schoolmaster's House, 18, High Street. On the census his name is given as Cate/Cats. In 1871 he was at 'The School' Great Amwell, Herts - with his mother Sarah (b. 1806 Winchester, Hants) as housekeeper. By 1881 he was already married, wife Mary Ann (b. 1845 Gt. Amwell), a certified schoolmaster and had three children - they lived at Little Torrington, Devon. By 1891 he occupied the Schoolhouse, Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex with his family. In 1901 he appeared lodging (alone but still married) at the Brook, Great Dunmow, Essex, - still as schoolmaster.

Catley

1) Henry Catley b. 1871 Cucklington, Som., son of Alfred Catley of Cucklington, a gardener 91-121

Henry lodged with Elizabeth Merriott at 50, Chapel Lane, Butleigh in 1891. He had lived with his father in 1881 - nfi

Cavesee Case

1) The widow CaveRates were paid between 1734 and 1737 (OOP and CW) for the widow Cave (Care? - see Elizabeth Cure) usually by John Rocke, the vicar.

Cavendry

1) John Cavendry Vicar of Butleigh from 1428-1451

Chalker

A) Humphrey Chalker [read by Y. Scrivener – I read Chalton (?)]

1) John Moody Chalker b. 1843 Shepton Mallet, Som., grocer [Parish Hinton Mandeville at marriage], s.o. John Chalker, flour merchant

These two children were the granddaughters of Susanna Killen, widow of John Killen of Cameley and were visiting her in 1881 at the farm next to the Rose and Portcullis being run by Susanna's daughter-in-law Eliza Ann Killen. In 1901 Evangeline, still single, and her mother, appear as visitors at 'Berry Hill, Winterbourne' Mangotsfield, Glos. - the home of Charles Hecks, Colt trainer. About Maud Mary - nfi

John Moody Chalker of Keinton was granted a licence by the Somerton magistrates to store petroleum in March 1875.

2) Mary Ann [nee Barber] Chalker Chr. 7 Jun 1829 Butleigh d.o. John and Elizabeth Barber, d. 1923 (Jun Q 5c/394 Langport) aged 95

On the 1911 census at Keinton Mandeville, Mary widowed, states she married 60 years before, had 9 children (eight still living) and was a 'British subject by parentage'. Her husband had been George Chalker who had previously married in 1845 (Mar Q 10/639 Langport) and had a child Caleb William (b. 1845 N. Berrow) but his wife had died and he married Mary Ann in Bath in 1849 and their first child was called Lavinia (b. 1850 Keinton Mandeville). In 1861 the couple appear with five children in Queen Street Keinton Mandevillle and visited by mother-in-law Elizabeth Barber. See under Barber.

Chamberlaine

1) Jonathan Chamberlain Chr. 10 Oct 1703 Baltonsborough s.o. John and Martha Chamberlain, bur. 22 Dec 1765 Baltonsborough

Jonathan had five children by his first wife, several of whom died. In childhood

2) Hester Chamberlain Chr. 24 Feb 1717 Baltonsborough d.o. John and Martha, married Richard Coles Butleigh 15 Jan 1750 [see under Coles]

3) John Champerlainreceived aid (1/-) from the OOP in Oct 1817 – Chamberlain/Champion? In July 1821 he was called John Champainalmost certainly meant to be the latter (Champion).

4) Richard Chamberlainwas ill and received 10/- from the Overseers in Jan 1823 and 4/- in February. He received more assistance when ill in Feb 1824 - nfi

5) Thomas Chamberlain tramp

Charged and found guilty at Somerton Petty Sessions on 14th Feb 1887 of hawking writing paper &c in Butleigh without having a pedlar's certificate. Discharged.

6) Frank Chamberlaine b. 1867 North Cadbury, labourer, s.o. Elias and Eleanor Chamberlaine 91W-115

This couple lived in four rooms at No. 9, Butleigh Wootton in 1891. The couple are next found in South Barrow, Somerset with three children (1901) all born Castle Cary, the oldest born 1895.

Chambers

1) Robert Chambers b. 1828 Frome, shoemaker, d. 1854 (Dec Q 5c/376 Wells) 51-36

Robert died in 1854 and Mary Ann seems to have re-married in 1857 (Sep Q 5c/917 Wells) to Sydenham Mogg or William Rogers – nfi.

2) William Chambers b. 1830 Frome, stonemason 51-36

These two people, probably brothers, lodged with William Tucker in Barton Stone. The Chambers came from Frome. William married Hannah in 1852 and their first child (of 6) Mary Ann, was born in Street in 1855. In 1871 they appear together at Byford Fields in Frome with five children. They moved to "Devizes Road Hotel", Fisherton Anger, Wiltshire by 1881 where William was the Innkeeper.

Champeny

[Champery - Champion]

1) William Champeny b. 26 May 1781, Chr. 5 May 1786 Wedmore, s.o. Edward Champeney, d. 28 Feb 1817 Wedmore

1a) William Champery Chr. 6 Nov 1814 Wedmore 41-6 died 29 Jan, bur. 1st Feb 1897 Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

William (25) and his (wife) Elizabeth (25) lived with brother Edward (20) in the High Street, Butleigh in 1841. Lodging with them were Ann Barratt (10) and Robert Barratt (7). These latter seem to have been the children of Ambrose (a carpenter) and Mary Barratt of West Lydford (1851). Not known if there is a connection to the Champerys. This couple later emigrated to the USA.

DD/S/BT/27/6/9 Agreement between Revd George Neville Grenville and William and Ann Champeny for letting a cottage in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1838.

1b) Edward Champery b. 16 Sep, Chr. 10 Oct 1816 Wedmore, carpenter, d. 7 Sep 1891, Sussex, Waukesha, Wisconsin 41-6

Edward and Elizabeth also emigrated to Wisconsin.

Champion

[Champeny]

1) William Champen bur. 27 Jan 1629 Butleigh

The Will of Margaret lists her children as being William and Joan and grandchildren James and Richard Withers. There is no mention of Edward nor Mary below.

DD/S/BT4/4/3 - 1] Thomas Rush of Street, yeoman 2] William Champion of Butleigh Wootton, yeoman Assignment of Peckham lease (1562) of Chambers house at Wootton and lands except 4.5a in common field of Wootton (1/2a in North field by Whites house, 1a at Kingfurlong, 1a Date: 1628.

PROB 11/265 Will of Margarett Euwins Widow Butleigh, Somerset Date: 1657;

In the name of God Amen, The seventeenth day of December in the yeare of our Lord God 1655 Margarett Euwins of Wootton in the parish of Butleigh in the county of Somersett widdow being sick of body but thanks be to God of perfect remembrance doe ordaine and make this my last will and testament in manner and forme followingeFfirst I give and bequeath my soule unto Almighty God And my body to be buried in the churchyard of Butleigh aforesaid. Item I give to the church of Butleigh aforesaid five shillings. Item I give to the widdow Sill one shilling & Item I give to my sonne William Champion my bedsteed within the chamber doorr & within the hall and my bed and bedsteed in the chamber and foure pewter dishes Item I give to my sonne William Champion's wife one coffer which is in the kitchin chamber Item I give unto my grandchild James Withers fforty shillings to be paid to him when he is one and twenty yeares of age by my executor. Item I give to my grandchild Richard Withers twenty shillings to be paid to him when he is one and twenty yeares of age by my executor but if either of themdoe dye before they be one and twenty yeares of age his legacie shall remaine to him that is then living but if they dye both of them before they be one and twenty yeares of age then there is none to be paid. Item all the rest and residue of my goods not yett given and unbequeathed I also give and bequeath unto my daughter Joane Champion whom I doe make my whole and sole executor & my funeral discharged and my debts paid In witness whereof I have to this my last will and testament sett my hand and seale the day and yeare first above written The signe and seale of Margarett Euwins signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us William Turner the marke of Gilbert Wooll Tho Attwooll. The Will was proved at London the thirteenth day of June in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred fifty seven before the Judges for Probate of wills and granting administration lawfully authorized by the oathes of Joane Champion the daughter of the said deceased and sole executrix named in the said will to whom was committed administration of all and singular the goods chattles and debts of the said deceased shee the said Joane Champion being first sworne in due forme of law by vertue of a commission well and hereby to administer the same.

1a) William Champion

William appears in a court case - 'Information of William Champion of Wootton in the parish of Butleigh concerning the loss of a black heifer the body of which was found in the slaughter house of William Spurlocke of Somerton, and the hide hid under the bed mat on which his wife was lying. William Spurlocke said that he bought the heifer from Philip Masters of Wootton, but offered no explanation of the hide being found under his bed. All given to John Barker 25th Oct. 1659. William Champion listed amongst the commoners in 1672.

DD.S.BT.4/4/4 - 1] William Bennett of Butleigh Wootton, husbandman 2] William Champion the same Assignment of lease (1651) for lives by Thomas Symcockes of Upper Close of Peirce Sugg (6a) in Butleigh Wootton. Rent 2d.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS Date range: 1658-1659.

2) Maria Champion Chr. 4 Nov 1632 Butleigh d.o. Margaret Champion

The mother is probably the widowed Margaret who married John Ewens in Butleigh on 2 May 1636 #

3) Ann and Mary Champion

These two paid rates jointly from 1681 – 1684 {mother and daughter?) and from 1685 Ann paid the rate alone until 1690 when John Coombe paid the rate, her husband. Ann Champion of Butleigh Wootton appears in a settlement of 1690 and is probably a daughter: From 1694 the adjoining property is called 'Late Mary Champen' suggesting that Mary was Ann's mother.

DD/S/BT/5/1/14 - 1] Ann Champion of Butleigh Wootton, John Coombe the younger of Compton Dundon, yeoman 2] John Lymbery of Compton Dundon, yeoman, James Chapman of Butleigh, yeoman John Meade of Street, yeoman Settlement of Chambers house and lands in Butleigh Wootton for the marriage of Ann Champion and John Coombe. 1690.

4) Mary Champion married John Sparkes in Butleigh on 31 Jan 1675

5) Edward Champen

Edward was paid in 1673 for caring for Grace Clap (OOP) and may have died that year. In 1675-77 widow Champion was paid for her relief (+ two sacks of coal in the latter year). In 1678 she was identified as Mary Champion.

6) Charles Champion b.c. 1720? blacksmith, bur. 22 Nov 1791 Butleigh

First mention of Charles is in 1750/1 when the churchwardens paid him for his smithing work. In 1752/3 he was paid for 'jemys and nails for ye [church] chest'. Charles started paying rates (OOP) in 1756 as neighbour of William Colmer – and in the same year the CW paid his bill and 'about the bees'. In 1762 he was paid for sprigs and nails for Walyeate Bridge. In Jan 1769 he was paid by the OOP for 17lb of plates and nails. He paid the rate until 1791/2 and then it was paid by his son John Championin 1792 also including 'late Diffords'. In August 1777 'Rec’d of Charles Champion 9s being ye consideration money advanced by the Parish for his son Jno Champion also 9s toward Thos Warman’s expenses - 9/-' In April 1778 Charles received the house rent for Elizabeth Davis. Charles was a widower at his second marriage.

In Sep 1780 the OOP made a payment to Elizabeth Champion's child 8/- and the next entry is Elizabeth Champion and child 6/-. An Elizabeth Champion had a bastard child William bur. 17 May 1781 Butleigh [paid for by the OOP] and the only candidate mother is Betty Chr. 1761. Ann Champion married William Hodges in Butleigh on 19 Aug 1766. # Catherine married Mathew Tarswell in Butleigh on 26 Jun 1775. # In 1789 Doctor Worth of Somerton was paid for curing Charles' maid – unc. who this daughter could be.

DD/S/BT/13/1/21 - 1] Ann Hodges of Butleigh 2] Charles Champion of Butleigh, blacksmith Assignment of a cottage in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1775.

DD\BR\ho/14 Two houses, one orig. belonging to Champion of Butleigh, one, in Water Lane, to Colmer of Butleigh. Probate will, John Periam, sen., of Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, DEEDS OF THE NEVILLE...] Date range: 1670 - 1835.

6a) John Champion Chr. 25 Jan 1750 Butleigh died c. 1825?

The OOP issued a warrant for John in 1777. In Feb 1777 the OOP paid 2/- to John Champins wife in sickness, and 4/- in March – this would confirm that John had an earlier wife than Ann Higdon. In June 1777 John was arrested and held by the OOP and in August 'Rec’d of Charles Champion 9s being ye consideration money advanced by the Parish for his son Jno Champion also 9s toward Thos Warman’s expenses – 9/-'. Horse hire was paid to take John's wife (and Hester Craft) to East Pennard to the Justice and John Champion had a warrant issued against him. John and wife received assistance from the OOP separately in November 1777. In Dec '77 and from Jan 1778 his wife received further assistance. From August 1778 she is called Elizabeth or Betty Champion and she and her child received aid until April 1780 when Elizabeth died and the OOP paid for her coffin and burial fees. She had received itch ointment in May 1779.

John paid rates on his father's property from 1792 – 1820. At first there were two properties rated, including 'late Diffords' but later included 'Bull Ground, late Cooks' and 'Catherine Reynolds – occupier Uriah Lucas'. His occupation is indicated when in July 1816 he was paid for repairing the lock of Mary Burch's door. In August 1821 we find 'Paid at justice meeting for the examination of Jno Champain to his parish'. He continued to receive assistance and wrote them a letter in Dec 1821. John received aid from the OOP until Jan 1825 [see above also under Chamberlain where his name was misspelled]. nfi

Catherine married Thomas Trout of Kingweston in Butleigh on 24 Sep 1810.

8) William J. Champion b. 1857 Savannah, S. Georgia USA [British Subject] apprentice carpenter, s.o. James (b. 1817) and Keziah Champion 71-80

William lodged with William L. Stacy at the Carpenter's Shop, High Street, Butleigh in 1871. In 1881 he boarded with James Millard, carpenter in Blackford Road, Wedmore. Nfi - returned to the USA? Possibly related to the Staceys since their eldest son was christened John Champion Stacey in 1857.

Chancellor

1) John Chancler

John appears on the list of commoners for Tything in 1672 but no other reference. In 1673 the OOP paid 10s house rent for James Beavel (Bovel) to Joane Chancsler. She appears in the accounts once more in 1697 when the overseers paid for a warrant concerning her.

2) Jane Chancelerin the OOP accounts 1752/53 she was paid for 'curing' Hester Fidhole.

3) Joseph Chancellor Butleigh Wootton

Joseph appears in an Equity case v. Sarah Ann Charlton widow of Somerton. Plaintiff's late husband bought an orchard at Etsome jointly with Joseph Chancellor and after his decease the latter declined to acknowledge her rights – matter referred to the Registrar.

4) Betty Chanceller of Butleigh married 25 Mar 1802 Kingweston James Reynolds by licence

A John Chanceller of West Lydford married a Frances Reynolds in Kingweston on 7 May 1791 – probably related.

Chandler

1) Annie Chandler b. 1861 London 81-94

Annie was a servant at Butleigh Court in 1881. Nfi

2) Herbert Cecil Chandler b. 3 Dec 1894, Reg. 1895 (Mar Q 5a/187 Alderbury, Wilts) labourer d. 1985 (Nov 23/1998/1185 Salisbury)

Channel

(Chanl Chant)

1) Mary Channel/Chanl died May/June 1769? [a Mary Channel Chr. 18 Oct 1712 North Petherton, d.o. Thomas and Thamsin Channell]?

Mary appears in the OOP accounts in 1737 when she received relief in her necessity. In 1738/9 the OOP paid for her room at Mary Gregory's and bought her two sheets and thread as well as paying relief at several times. The Mary who married Thomas Bulgin in 1756 is more likely to be a daughter than Mary herself. Hannah married John Dominy in Butleigh on 4 Apr 1763 # A Mary Channel received heating from the OOP in Jan 1767 and regular assistance from then on and was still having her rent paid up to 1769 – when in June that year the OOP paid for her shroud and coffin. In that month the OOP had paid 3/- to Mary and daughter in distress. In March 1769 Mary's maid had received aid when she had the smallpox and in Sep 1769 Mary's daughter again received 2/- in her sickness.

2) John Chanl bur. 24 Jan 1798 Butleigh

In 1752/3 John Chanl was paid for 6 dozen sparrow heads. (CW).

Channing

1) Samuel Channing Chr. 7 Jul 1745 Butleigh illegit. child of Mary Channing (see Mary Channel), fathered by Samuel Cox

Chant

1) George Chant b. 1746, d. 28 Oct 1809 Somerton aged 63 [a George Chant Chr. 20 May 1749 Merriott s.o. William and Charlotte Chant]?

In May 1797 George was paid for inoculating Foram's two children at Compton Dundon (OOP). In July 1797 (recorded in August) he was paid for inoculating eighty poor Butleigh children at 2/6d each.

In 1801 'on the 22nd April at Vestry for the purposes of employing a doctor for the poor it was agreed to employ George Chant of Somerton at a yearly salary of £12 12s per year'. In July 1803 he was paid 10 guineas (a very large sum) for his bill regarding Jane Isaac's son.

DD/S/BT/20/6/14 1] George Chant of Somerton, shopkeeper and Philip Peddle of Somerton, yeoman, churchwardens of Somerton 2] Harriet Chant of Somerton 3] William Aishford of Somerton, fellmonger Lease for lives in trust of a messuage in West Street, Somerton and a rentcharge. Rent 4s. 1794

Chantor

[Chanter]

1) Richard Chantor b. 1834 Exeter, Devon, commercial traveller in the Tea Trade, s.o. Charles Chanter 81W-106

Mary was a house servant in Bloomsbury in 1851. By 1861 she was married and living with her in-laws William [ b. 1806 bur. 4 Feb 1866 Moorlinch] and Mary Coombes in Moorlinch (husband 'away') and had a five year old son Gilbert [bur. 15 Oct 1869 Moorlinch]. Husband William? Bur. 27 Sep 1855 aged 34?

She was a widow by 1871 and a schoolmistress living at the National School, Wootton. She married widower Richard Chantor in 1873. They lived with their nieces, Mary Sawtell (30) # a governess, and Mary Warrey Coombes (14)# in Butleigh Wootton in 1881. Western Gazette Friday 1 April 1881 reported a case of Miss Chanter's pupil Delilah Tucker being sent by her to the shop to buy butter and being indecently assaulted by Samuel Hodges on her return. Hodges was acquitted at a later hearing.

After Mary's death in 1886 Richard boarded in Holdenhurst, Bournemouth, Hampshire in 1891, then South Highbridge in 1901.

Chaplin

1) Edward Chaplin b. Ashcott, d. 1742

In 1709 he took an apprentice, Elner Roley. Edward was churchwarden in 1711-12. He paid rates to the OOP 1703 – April 1742 then rates were paid by a Mrs. Elizabeth Johnson. An Edward Chaplin was still in Ashcott in the 1750's

DD/S/BT/4/5/34 1] John Webb and Katherine Webb 2] Edward Chaplen the elder of Ashcott, yeoman Lease for lives of Morehouse and 1a, the Common (3a), 6a by house, Newmead (2a), Broadmead (1a), 3yds at Blackthorne, Voley (1a), 2a at Bolster corner in West field, 2a at Sower Down in West field, and five half acres and 3yds in the East field, Butleigh. Rent 11s. Date range: 1701 - 1702.

2) Elizabeth Chaplin married Butleigh 21 Mar 1743 Francis Pople

Chapman

1) Thomas Chapman?

2) James Chapman d. 1708?

'Chapmans' listed amongst the commoners in 1672. James was a donor towards the building of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1680 and churchwarden in 1681-2 and 1693-4. He last appears in the churchwardens accounts in 1698. James paid rates on land in South Moor from 1673-89. In Butleigh he paid rates 1673 – 1708 then was followed 1709-12 by Joane Chapman [daughtr or second wife?] – together with John Pope. Thereafter John Pope paid the rate alone. In 1723 two overseers were elected to represent the properties of the late James Chapmanat Butleigh Hill and at Wootton.

DD/S/BT/5/1/14 - 1] Ann Champion of Butleigh Wootton, John Coombe the younger of Compton Dundon, yeoman 2] John Lymbery of Compton Dundon, yeoman, James Chapman of Butleigh, yeoman John Meade of Street, yeoman Settlement of Chambers house and lands in Butleigh Wootton for the marriage of Ann Champion and John Coombe Date: 1690. Other references from 1680 – 1706 [DD/S/BT//6/5/20-22/+/6/8/2//5/5/5]

3) Samuel Chapman

Possibly the son of James since the following concerns property at Nurslinge Gate that had previously been assigned to James.

DD/S/BT/6/8/4 - 1] Samuel Chapman of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Richard Hyatt of Kingweston, carpenter Assignment of 1a at Nurslinge gate in Butleigh West field.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date range: 1706 - 1707.

4) David Chapman married Lydia Brice Butleigh 28 Aug 1749

5) Simon Chapman of West Lydford, widower [Chr. 13 Jul 1766 West Lydford, s.o. John and Martha or poss. Chr. 25 Sep 1753 s.o. William and Mary Chapman]

Witnesses Marey Sweet and John Chapman – marriage by licence.

6) Mary A Chapman b. 2 Mar 1856 Gurney Slade, servant, d.o. Isaac and Elizabeth Chapman 71-81

Mary worked at Joseph Hickman's Drapers Shop in the High Street, Butleigh in 1871. She had lived with her parents in Ashwick in 1861. Nfi

7) Montague Stanley Chapman b. 16 Jan 1910 (Mar Q 5c/330 Yeovil) West Camel, haulage contractor, s.o. Levi and Annie Chapman, d. 4 Jan at Cossington, bur. 9 Jan 1985 (Jan/23/1408/185 Sedgemoor) bur. Butleigh

Montague came from Charlton Adam at the time of their marriage.

Chapple

[Kibbol/Cabble/Caple/Chappell]

These surnames all seem to be variants of the same one, though later descendants adopted particular spellings. The Baltonsborough and Butleigh families seem interlinked and so a table of them seems in order.Unfortunately wives not distinguished from widows at marriage nor adults from children at burial.

A1) John Chappell [bur. 9 Sep 1557 Baltonsborough]

A2) John Chappell [bur. 13 Dec 1570 Baltonsborough]

Not proven that there were just two Johns above and that the children belong to just the one.

B) William Chappell bur. 20 Aug 1558 Baltonsborough

C1) Richard Chappell bur. 19 Dec 1618 Baltonsborough

Not possible to tell which Richard, this or the next, is the son of John and which is the son of William

C2) Richard Chappell [bur. 27 Mar 1624 Baltonsborough]

D) Richard Chapple [Chr. 1 Sep 1616 Baltonsborough] bur. 19 Jan 1653 Baltonsborough

E) Richard Chapple [bur. 11 Nov 1697 Baltonsborough]

Other children of Richard buried must be of the son Richard; Mary bur. 23 Aug 1720, Edith bur. 15 Sep 1720 and their father the Richard bur. 28 Sep 1720 Baltonsborough? A Jane bur. 13 Jun 1756 d.o. Richard and Jane.

1) Robert Chappell [of Baltonsborough] bur. 30 Apr 1746 Baltonsborough [the Robert Chr. 28 Mar 1689 Baltonsborough, s.o. Richard and Mary Chappell?]

Mary Chapple married John Higgins Butleigh 17 Oct 1748 # In Aug 1737 Cannon in his diary [Money p. 308/9] remarks that Robert looked after his late [d. 1716] brother Christopher's daughter Christian [Chr. 14 Aug 1717 Balt. mother Ann Chancellor] and had 'kept her more like a Parish child than otherwise'. The girl was a legatee. She was betrothed to John Cannon's nephew Thomas Cannon [1739]

1a) Robert Chappell Chr. 26 Dec 1720 Baltonsborough bur. 2 Jul 1768 Baltonsborough

John Stickland had married Jane Cavill in Baltonsborough on 2 Feb 1717.

Robert had had an illegitimate child by Margaret Stickland before their marriage: Mary Chappel Stickland Chr. 1 Nov, buried 22 Nov 1741 Baltonsborough.

1b) Richard Chapple [ Chr. 12 Apr 1722 Baltonsborough] [bur. 2 May 1795 Baltonsborough – or his son?]

The Ceibball/Kibble/Coble/Cavell etc family next seem to be a separate family to the Chappel family above.

2) Alice Caple Chr.? 17 Dec 1580 [uncertain whether burial or baptism due to water damage]

This is probably a baptism since in Butleigh on 9 Oct 1601 Alice Caple married Daniel Hellier #

3) Walter Caple bur. 2 May 1593 Butleigh

4) Elizabeth Caple bur. 13 Apr 1598 Butleigh (Dwelly's PR)

5) John Caple Chr. 29 Jan 1590 Butleigh son of Margaret Caple

6) Marigrete Caple married 12 Apr 1602 Nicholas Pimfeder? Same Margaret as last? Husband's surname indistinct.

7) Robert Ceibball/Chappel? [bur. 24 Jan 1692 Baltonsborough Cavell]

8) Thomas Coble bur. 6 Feb 1690 Baltonsborough [Cavell]

8a) Thomas Cavell [bur. 22 Jan/Feb 1708 Baltonsborough Cavill]

An Alice Cavill, wife of Thomas, was buried 21 May 1721 Baltonsborough so there is some uncertainty here, but a Thomas Cavill called 'old Thomas' was buried 24 Feb 1723 who may be her husband.

8b) John Cavill bur. 4 Dec 1748 Baltonsborough [John Kibble, the elder]

See below for marriage of a Jane Cavill 2 Feb 1717 Baltonsborough to John Stickland.

8b1) John Kibbol (Cabble) [John Cavill Chr. 11 May 1702 Baltonsborough s.o. John and Mary Cavill] bur. 3 Nov 1772 Baltonsborough [John Cavel]

DD/S/BT/19/10/1 - 1] Stephen Earl of Ilchester 2] John Cabble of Compton Dundon, farmer Lease for lives of Bradleys wood (4.5a), Compton Dundon. Rent 10s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1756.

DD/S/BT/19/10/2 - 1] John Cabble 2] James Grenville of Butleigh Assignment of Bradleys wood. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1763.

9) Samuel Chapple bur.12 Jun 1786 Baltonsborough

Grace's parents must have moved to Baltonsborough between 1720 and 1723 when their daughter Mary was Chr. 19 May 1723 there. Son Samuel married a Mary and had son James who was bur. 22 May 1779 Baltonsborough.

10) Elizabeth 'Betty' Chapple Chr. 17 Jun 1798 High Ham d.o. William and Mary Chappell married Butleigh 23 Oct 1822 George Craft#

11) Grace Chappell b. 1802 [Chr. 25 Dec 1806 High Ham d.o. William and Mary Chappell] married Butleigh 19 Apr 1830 Stephen Withers#

12) Alfred Chapple Chr. 7 Feb 1814 Glastonbury, farmer, s.o. John and Esther Chapple of Edgarley 51-35

In 1851 Alfred Chapple (36) lived with his wife Sophia (26) and son Alfred in Oddway, Butleigh. The Chappells left Butleigh after William had been born in 1855 for Martock where Alfred snr became a dairyman (1861) and son Alfred became a footman (1871). In 1881 Alfred J. was a servant at 36, Cadogan Place, Chelsea and he then married Alice Elizabeth Pitman from Dunkerton in 1889 (Sep Q 5c/887 Clifton), Somerset before becoming an Assurance agent and living in two rooms at 9, St. Michael's Park, Bristol (1891). In 1901 they were at 5, Chisbury Street, Stapleton, Bristol, living with Alfred's father-in-law Charles Pitman (b. 1815 Crewkerne). They never had any children and were still in Bristol at the same address in 1911.

John, a gardener, married Elizabeth (b. 1852 Norton, Suffolk) and in 1891 lived at Manchester Road, Pendlebury, Lancs. In 1901 he was at Springwood Cottage, Swinton Park, Pendleton, Salford with his wife. The couple were at Stutts Farm, 2 Swinton Park, Pendleton in 1911, and childless, both their children having died.

William became a gardener and in 1881 lived at 30, Wellington St., Moss Side, Manchester with his wife Louisa (b. 1851 Jersey), daughter Louisa Sophia (3) and brother Arthur (20). In 1891 William and Louisa lived in four rooms of "Victoria Villas", Kenyon Lane, Heapey, Lancs with their three children. By 1901 William was widowed and lived with just two children at that address, the oldest of which, Louisa (23), a cotton weaver, had been born in Jersey. He lived at 'The Villa, Norton, Bury St. Edmunds Suffolk in 1911 with his sister Elizabeth Ann Chappell (b. 1863 Long Load) and a niece Annie Carter..

13) George Chapple b. 19 Dec 1840, Chr. 21 Jan 1841 (Mar Q 10/495 Wells) Baltonsborough, s.o. John Chappel, a labourer, and wife Ann (née Dennis). 51-31 (Chappel)

Born December 1840, George appeared with his parents John and Ann Chappel in Baltonsborough in 1841. Aged only 10 he worked in 1851 as a house servant in the home of James Gilbert, butcher in Water Lane, Butleigh. George emigrated to Australia aboard the “Orwell” together with his younger brother Sidney, arriving in Victoria in January 1855. He went on to marry in 1869, had seven children and died in 1888 in New South Wales.

14) Elizabeth [Betty] Chapell b. 1770 Moorlinch 61W-65

Elizabeth aged 91 was visiting her daughter Caroline Mogg at Sedgemoor in 1861. In 1841 and 1851 she had been living alone in Moorlinch. She was the widow of George Chappell who had been Parish Clerk. Probably the Elizabeth Chapel who died in 1861 (Mar Q 5c/336 Langport)?

Chard

1) Ann Chardthe OOP went to Wells in Dec 1785 to get an order for Ann to be removed to Huish Episcopi

Charles

1) Margaret Charles buried 31 May 1741 Butleigh nfi

Charlton

1) William Charlton Chr. 24 Feb 1833 Charlton Mackrell, farm labourer, s.o. James and Ann Charlton, bur. 8 Jun 1898 (Jun Q 5c/305 Wells) Butleigh 71-76, 81-100, 91-120

The family first appear in 1871 on Butleigh Hill. They had arrived there by 1868 from Charlton Mackrell where William and Joan's first four children were born. The Western Gazette reported on 10 April 1868 that “ A little boy by the name of Charlton, while feeding a chaff-cutter, seriously injured his hand, which has necessitated its amputation”. A child, George Henry, died shortly after birth in 1870. On the 1871 census the oldest son John is called Burrows and is older than Joseph - his birth, like his parents marriage, seems unrecorded. By 1881 the family were in Sealy's Row where they stayed for all the later censuses. Joseph and William Pierce [Pearce] had left home. Joseph was a baker living with Eliza Browning, his aunt, a baker in Ilchester. William Pierce completely disappears from the census though on September 30th 1881 he advertised in the Western Gazette for a situation as foreman baker. He was still around because the Western Gazette 12 Jun 1885 reported that he had taken a pig to be slaughtered by George Turner in his slaughterhouse and the latter thought it 'was not at all right'and reported it to the police, The inspector John Talbot said that it had swine fever of a bad type and the slaughterhouse and a half-mile infected circle were imposed. This was the eighth case of swine fever reported in a month.

Maurice married Alice and was found living in 1891 in Doulting and Arthur lodged with him before marrying Jane from Queen Camel and becoming a bricklayer living at 44, Irvine St., West Derby, Liverpool in 1901. By 1911 Arthur was widowed and lived with his four children at 48, Milroy Street, Liverpool. Maurice is found in 1901 with his wife and 8 children in Church Lane, Evercreech.

William and Jane are listed at 32 Sealy's Row in 1891 and had their oldest son Burrows living with them, a road labourer. William died in 1898 aged 65. Bertha seems to have then left home and may have been a domestic servant in Bournemouth in 1891 but she returned home by 1901 when she lived with her widowed mother Jane, referred to as 'Paralytic' (presumably after a stroke), and brother Burrows John. Bertha was a dressmaker working from home. Jane (called Joan on the record) died in 1902 aged 70. In 1905 (Jun Q 5c/934 Wells) Bertha married George Pike. #

Chasey/Chacy

1) Andebras/Andilocus Chasey died bef. Easter 1686

In 1672 Andebras or Andribus/Andilocus appeared on the list of commoners. He was a donor towards the building of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1680 according to the churchwardens accounts. He paid rates from 1673-1685 and was followed by Agnes Chasey widow 1686-90 after which she was referred to as the 'late Agnes Chasey'. His wife Agnes had appeared in the churchwardens accounts in 1689.

DD/S/BT/25/7/29-30 and dd/s/bt/11/1/28 below - On 2 May 1700, John Chasey the younger and John Chasey the elder sold 7 1/2 acres, called Hendlie, to Thomas Avery. Hendlie was first purchased by Andilocus Chasey and his spinster daughter, Christian Chasey, from John Browning the elder in 1651. Andilocus later became ill, and on 28 Jan 1680 he made his will in which he bequeathed Hendlie to John Chasey the younger. Thomas Corey and John Meade executors.

2) Ann Chasey bur. 3 Jan 1667 Butleigh

3) John Chasey died 1703/4 [s.o. Andebras and Ann above?]

In the churchwardens accounts a John Casey's name appears between 1689 and 1711. John was churchwarden in 1673 and 1691 and Overseer of the Poor in 1686 and 1702. In 1687 he received relief for Joan Walton for 2 weeks. The wardens took out a process against him in 1702. John Chasey [senior] paid rates between 1673 and 1703. John died around 1703 and from 1705-17 the rates were paid by his widow Mary.

Exchequer E 134/23 & 24 Chas 2 - Richard Cabell, Richd. Helyar, John Rock, clerk, John Norton, Robt. Talbott, John Raymond, John Chasey. v. Sir Thomas Mack-worth, Bart., John Webb, Richard Tomlyns, Gawen Lowry.: Manors of Butley, Street, and Glastonbury, and the moore or waste ground, called "South Moore" alias "Alder Moore" (said to be parcel of the late abbey of Glastonbury), lying in or near the parishes of Butleigh, Street, and Glastonbury. Touching the inclosure of moor, and allotments made to Chas. 1., to the lords of the manors, and to those having right of common on the manor. Common of estovers, &c., &c.: Somerset Date range: 1671-1673.

3a) John Chasey Chr. 2 Jun 1670 Butleigh

John is recorded as killing 2 foxes, 4 polecats and three hedgehogs up to 1711. By 1713 John junior became impoverished and received 1s 6d from the Symcockes bequest.

This is probably the John "late of the Parish of Butleidge in the County of Somerset in Great Britain" that emigrated to America between 1 Jun 1718 and 23 Apr 1719 when he was indentured to serve a seven year apprenticeship with George Aston, tanner in New York city*. By 1746 he lived in Middletown, Monmouth Co. N.J. where he worked as a currier (leather worker). It is quite possible that he left Margaret behind in Butleigh (assuming it is the same one) because from 1728 she seems to be in dire straits. She received from the OOP firewood, sheets, neckcloth, several 'changes', coverlet, and relief in her necessity. She must have been incapacitated because a Hester Tutton did her washing and was in attendance – they even moved Hesther from Hill, with all her goods, to live and care for Margaret. This situation carried on all through 1730 with Hester washing and attending to Margaret. Firewood was bought for them both and their rent paid and new stockings bought for Margaret. In 1731 Hester was paid 55 weeks attendance for looking after Margaret who herself received 55 weeks relief. She received firewood in 1731 and she and Hester lived at Chases Backhouse, where the OOP paid their rent. Margaret also received a sheet and a change. Margaret continued to be in receipt of OOP relief until her death.

John Chasey married Anne in America and they had four children: John, Pearce, Margaret and Eleanor.

DD/S/BT/11/1/28 - 1] John Chasey the younger and John Chasey the elder of Butleigh, yeomen 2] Thomas Avery of Butleigh, blacksmith and wife Mary Release of Hendley (7.5a), Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1700.

*On 23 Apr 1719, George Aston registered his apprentice, John Chasey, with the New York City authorities. An abstract of the record reads

"Registered for George
Aston the 23rd of April Anno Domini 1719. Indenture of John Chasey, late of the Parish of Butleidge in the County of Somerset in Great Britain to George Aston, Tanner Currier, for seven years from June 1st, 1718...and shall also find and provide unto the said Apprentice sufficient Meat, Drink, Apparell, Lodging, and Washing fitting for an Apprentice, and at the end of the Said Apprentice to allow his Said Apprentice a good New Sute of Apparell. Signed June 1st, 1718 by John Chasey. In the prsence of John Smith, William Jackson, Christopher Hopkins. Acknowledged June 1st, 1718 before John Cruger, Alderman" (New York Hist. Soc. Collections, 1909, p. 119).


Doc. DD/S/BT/24/8/1 Notes on Chasey's tenement, Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1751.


4) Jone Chasey [Chr. 15 Aug 1721 East Pennard, d.o. William Chacy] married Jonas Lucas Butleigh 24 May 1740


5) Elizabeth Chasey married widower Charles Champion of Butleigh in East Pennard on 11 Sep 1768 #

6) Mary Chasey bur. 24 Feb 1765 Butleigh

Mary became sick in July 1764 and the OOP paid her assistance monthly from then on. Mary's burial was paid for by the OOP in March 1765. In the list of commoners houses to serve as Tythingmen in 1779 appears 'late Chaseys for Mr. Grenville' – this person? The following Stephen Chasey had a sister Mary Chr. 5 Apr 1727 East Pennard

7) Stephen Chasey [Chr. 12 Oct 1729 East Pennard s.o. Thomas and Elizabeth Chasey of East Pennard, bur. 7 Jan 1787 Butleigh

In 1731 a Stephen Chasey was paid for attending a court case in Bridgwater, for two days and a night (OOP) and in 1735/6 (CW) he gave information in a case at Pylle about illicit alcohol selling. In 1756/7 his house rent was paid by the OOP. His rent was paid again in June 1769. He received aid in necessity in Jan 1770. From April 1772 he began receiving assistance more regularly often 'in sickness'. In May 1786 his goods were transported by the OOP from Wootton to Butleigh. The OOP paid for his burial and four men to carry him to church in Jan 1787.

Cheaweller

1) Jane Cheaweller

A Jane Cheaweller occurs just once in the OOP accounts when she received money from the Dyer Symcockes bequest in 1691. Collyer?

Chedd

1) John Chedd bur. 19 Jun 1610 Butleigh?

A widow Maria Ked.. (Chedd?) married Butleigh Dec 1611 Robert Seymer – widow of John Chedd? On 4 Nov 1610 Butleigh Rebecca Chedd married Roger Hatche. A John Chedd was in receipt of Poor relief in 1606, 1607 and 1613 – the latter suggesting that the burial above may have been of a son rather than the father?

2) Joanne Chedd bur. 30 May 1664 Butleigh

Chelman

1) Henry Chelman bur. 10 Nov 1813 Butleigh aged two. (name clearer on Bishops Transcripts)

No family found as either Chetman or Chelman. On 1841 census a Thomas [b. 1796] and Hannah [b. 1786] Chelman appear in St. Marylebone, London. A Robert Chelman, a mutineer was sentenced to 800 lashes at Chatham in 1810 – no obvious connection! Chilman?

Chick

1) John Chick b. 28 Jul 1818, Chr. 5 Jan 1819 Uffculme, Devon, carpenter, s.o. Thomas and Anne Chicke. Died 1864 (Jun Q 5b/305 or Dec Q 5b 329 Tiverton)

The family appear in Willand, Devon in 1851 & 61. On 8 Sep 1882 Albert offered his bicycle for sale in the Western Gazette.

1a) Thomas Chick 1842 (Mar Q 10/298 Tiverton), Willand, Devon, carpenter, s.o. John and Elizabeth Chick, d. 16 Jan, bur. 19 Jan 1918 Butleigh 81-93, 91-114, 01-133

Thomas and Arabella appeared in 1881 at No. 1 Compton Street, presently called Woodbine Cottage, which had been built in 1879. Thomas was born in Willand, Devon in 1842, the eldest son of John Chick, a carpenter, and his wife Elizabeth. At the census in 1871 he was a carpenter and wheelwright in Willand, still unmarried aged 29 and living as head of the family, with his widowed mother and several brothers and a sister. He married Arabella in London in 1871. On the 1871 census she had been a cook at "Ashfield", Great Malvern, home of the Rev. Alfred F. Hanbury Tracy. Thomas and Arabella had at least two children in Willand; Eliza and Eva and then moved to Butleigh, most likely in 1879. He was probably the first tenant of No. 1 since his son Herbert Henry was born there in 1880. Thomas' brother Albert aged 18, a groom, also lived with them.

In 1891 the house was given the number '1' on the census. Thomas Chick, then described as a 'joiner', still inhabited the house but his brother Albert had returned to Willand (where he married a girl called Kezia) while Thomas' daughter Eliza was boarding in Harbury, Warwicks. as a pupil teacher. Her sister Eva (now 14), still living at home, was also described as a pupil teacher.

In 1901 Thomas was referred to as a 'foreman carpenter' and Herbert a carpenter. Eliza had returned home to Butleigh as Assistant schoolmistress while Eva had moved away, to Hornsea, Middlesex where she was a teacher in the National School there. In 1911 Thomas and Arabella lived at 1 Butleigh with their school teacher daughter Eliza with a niece, Maud Burnell as domestic help.

In July 2011 I acquired a Cathedral Psalter signed 1918 which had belonged to Eliza Chick and it had ended up in Wales with a George Chick, son of Reginald Chick [played bass with several 'Big bands'], son of Herbert Henry Chick who had married in Cardiff in 1914.

2) Elizabeth Chick married Butleigh 22 Feb 1813 Rufus Tutton [b. 1792 Mudford, Yeovil]

The witness at Elizabeth's wedding was a James Perry which may suggest a link to the next person, Jane Chick. An Elizabeth Chick was Christened in Walton on 20 Jun 1792, d.o. William and Frances Chick – abode given as 'Maddick of Linsford' (?). See under Tutton.Another Elizabeth was Chr. 12 Feb 1797 illegitimate d.o. Richard Chick and Ann Young

3) Jane Chick b. 1833 Walton, housemaid, d.o. John and Frances Chick

Jane served as under-housemaid at Wootton House in 1851. She married John Perry (b. 1837 Walton) in 1857 (Dec Q 5c/1014 Wells) and they lived in Walton, where they had both been born.

Chilcott

1) Albert Chilcott b. 1879 Stogursey farm labourer s.o. Charles and Ann Chilcote

In 1901 Albert lived with his parents in North Petherton. Bessie had lived with her parents in North Petherton in 1891 but was a servant at Bishops Hull in 1901. In 1911 the family lived in two rooms at 23 Butleigh Wootton. Stanley James married Gwendoline M. Turner in 1937 (Mar Q 5c/631 Bridgwater).

Chinn

1) John Chinn b. 1868 (Sep Q 5a/246 Sturminster) Hinton St. Mary, Dorset, d. 30 Jul 1926 [1925 on gravestone], bur. 3 Aug 1926 (Sep Q 5c/438 Wells) Butleigh

In 1871 Albertina lived in Fivehead Magdalen with her grandparents, father and four brothers. In 1881 she lived with her uncle Thomas Chant at Barton, Marnhull, Dorset.

In 1891 the couple lived in Gillingham Dorset where John was an agricultural labourer. By 1901 they lived in Church Street, Keinton Mandeville where John was then a gardener. In 1911 they lived in Ditcheat. They must have arrived in Butleigh sometime between 1912 and 1926.

On Albertina's grave inscription John's burial place is touchingly referred to as 'near the acacia tree'. Emily married baker John Albert Masters in 1927. Winifred married Butleigh grocer Leslie Ronald Francis in.1936

Chinnock

1) Emily Ann Chinnock b. 1882 (Mar Q 5c/511 Shepton Mallet) East Pennard, d.o. Alfred and Caroline Chinnock 01-137

In 1891 Emily lived at the Cottage, Hornblotton with her parents and siblings. Her father was an agricultural labourer. She was a general servant at Park Farm in 1901. Emily Ann married Harry Davis of Butleigh in 1909 (Jun Q 5c/932 Wells). #

2) Jane Chinnock b. 14 Dec 1887 Hornblotton, servant, d.o. Alfred and Caroline (nee Walker) Chinnock

In 1911 Jane worked as a general servant at Rowley Farm home of Robert Knight. She was the younger sister of Emily above.

Chislett

1) Thomas Chislett surveyor [of Somerton?]

In 1784/5 the Overseers paid the bill of 17s for a survey of the Parish made by Thomas Chislett and also his bill of 6s for wood. In October 1785 the OOP paid Thomas for 23 yards of Dowlas. He helped remove Ann Chard to Huish Episcopi in Dec 1785.

DD/S/BT/3/6/21 Thomas Chislett's survey of a tenement in Butleigh with notes from early 19th century surveys for comparison. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1784.

Christie

1) Edwin Langdale Christie b. 1863 (Mar Q 8b/306a West Derby) Aigburth, Lancashire, retired army officer, s.o. Robert Christie, d. 1939 (Sep Q 1a/418 Chelsea) P PHOTO

Edwin was the son of a wealthy cotton broker, married to Mary. In 1891 he had lived with his wife, two small children and his sister at Turville Court, Bucks and in 1901 lived with her and his sister Elizabeth in Charlton House, Charlton Mackrell - 'on his own means'. A visitor was Guy Y Robinson, his wife's brother, a gold miner from Australia. He had rented the house since 1894 from the Dickinson family of Kingweston, who owned it. They left the house in 1905 when Sir Arthur Thring bought it and they moved to Charlton Horethorne. He played the handsome King Arthur in the Butleigh Revel. Edwin had been a Yeomanry Officer in the Boer War and in Charlton Mackrell was church warden, then Parish Councillor from 1895 serving with Archdeacon Brymer. Two of the latter's children also played in the Revel. In 1911 the two daughters lived alone at Charlton Horethorne House, Charlton on census night. Their mother was visiting her relative Ada Sophia Rosland Robinson in Leamington.

The Western Daily Press 17 March 1921 recorded:

MAJOR'S CONDUCT. WIFE'S STORY OF VIOLENCE TO HERSELF AND DAUGHTER. EVENTS IN SOMERSET. Yesterday, in the Divorce Court, Justice Horridge had before him the petition of Mrs Mary Christie, of Vale Avenue, Chelsea, for a dissolution of her marriage with Major Edwin Langdale Christie on the ground of his cruelty and misconduct. Respondent did not appear and he did not defend the suit.

LETTERS HANDED TO THE JUDGE. Mr Bayford, for petitioner, said the marriage was as long ago as 1884 and there were two children of the marriage, both whom were now grown up. The misconduct was alleged at an Edinburgh hotel in the spring of 1920 and other dates. Whilst they were living in Chelsea he received letters from young woman, and the wife opened them and took copies of them and then handed them to her husband. The petitioner had him watched and found he was meeting the writer of the letters and that he had stayed with her in an Edinburgh hotel. Counsel handed his lordship a letter from the girl, which he said was unfit to read in court, and added that no one could doubt the relations of the two after reading the letter. His Lordship said a letter had been received from the respondent, enclosing letters he had received from his wife and daughters to the end May, 1920. all couched in affectionate terms. Mr. Bayford said the allegations of cruelty against the respondent were that he nagged and bullied petitioner, pushed her out of the room, and twisted her arms. In spite of remonstrances he had made her ride behind, unbroken and dangerous horses, had deliberately pushed her out of bed. turned her out of the bedroom partially dressed, and locked the door and kept her outside some ten minutes. He had kicked her. He had also treated his daughters unkindly, which much affected her health.

INCIDENTS OF VIOLENCE. The petitioner said she married her husband at St. Paul's, Knightsbridge, on Dec. 2, 1884. and there were two daughters of the marriage . They lived at Henley-on-Thames and also in Somerset and since 1913 at Chelsea. From the start her husband treated her with great unkindness and bullied her and nagged her. Respondent was a man of extremely bad temper, and threw books and boots at her. He had seized hold of her and put her out of the room, and struck her on the arm and leg and kicked her on the shin. He drove her behind horses in such way to terrify her and she cried with fright. He recently had a loaded revolver in his possession. This was since his return from India. In 1885 at Henley he pushed her out of bed with his feet to the floor and alarmed her. He afterwards said he was sorry. In 1887 whilst she was dressing for dinner he became annoyed with her and turned her out of the room into the passage in an undressed condition. They were for some time at Charlton Hawthorn House,in Somerset, and he used to nag her, and would often continue his nagging in bed till the early hours of the morning. In 1903 at Charlton after having too much to drink he drove her out in a dangerous manner, and when she told him to drive more carefully, he backed the horses till the back wheels of the carriage hung over a ditch. On one occasion she was helping him on with his hunting boots when he kicked her and bruised her. He afterwards said he was sorry.

A LIGHTED CIGAR. He had once put the lighted end of his cigar on one of her daughter's hands. In 1908 at Charlton he ran after one his daughters with a kettle of water his hand, and chased her into the garden. Petitioner was much alarmed. He dipped his daughter's hand on the boiling kettle. He had also hit the head of one of his daughters on the ground, because she had irritated him in some way. He had also abused one of his daughters because she had refused to accompany him to a dance, because he got the worse for drink there. He nagged the petitioner because he said she sided with her daughter and made her disobedient. He then went to her room and told her to go out because he said she (petitioner) was going to commit suicide, and it was all the daughter's fault. Her daughter was frightened and so was witnesss.

PHOTO OF A LAND GIRL Before her husband went to India in 1916 he was for some months in command of the detention barracks at Lewes. In March 1916 he went to India, and was there till May 1919. When he returned he lived in the same house as witness, but did not occupy the same room. In August, 1919, he went away to the country, and when he returned home he spoke a great deal about a land girl he had met, and said she was a splendid girl. He wrote to her every other day and received letters from her, and he had her photo in his dressing room. Corroborative evidence as to the cruelty was given by the petitioner's daughters and Dr. A. C. Jocelyne, of Taunton. After hearing the evidence as to the misconductt, his Lordship granted petitioner a decree nisi with costs.

Chubb

1) Mr. Chubb

In 1763/5 the churchwardens paid his bill – relating to deal boards £9 6s 4d. [The John Chubb bur. 4 Aug 1781 Chard?]

DD\GB/152/122 Receipted bill of Messrs. Hurford and Chubb for deal boards supplied to Wm. Gore (signed John Chubb). 1750. (same business?)

Chudleigh

1) John Bartram Chudleigh alias of Herbert Kitchener Stoodley (viz)#

Churches

Churchouse

1) James Churches/Churchouse Chr. 2 Nov 1783 Meare s.o. Robert and Hannah Churchouse

Eleanor appears on the 1841 census at Godney with husband, six children.. In 1851 she was widowed, called Churchouse and lived at Wookey with daughters Sarah and Elenor. In 1861 she lived at Henton, Wookey with daughter [both called Ellen Churchess].

1) John Churches b. 15 Nov 1825, Chr. 25 Dec 1827 Meare [abode Godney], farmer, s.o. Robert and Sarah Churches (farmer)

After their marriage in Butleigh, 1851 Sarah and John lived in Meare where they farmed 40 acres. In 1861 they farmed 90 acres in Godney. Sarah was still there, a widow, with five adult unmarried children, at Avalon House in Godney, in 1901. Several of John's siblings emigrated to Michigan, USA, in the 1840's.

Churchill

1) David Churchill Chr. 17 Nov 1793 Crewkerne, tailor and innkeeper, s.o. David and Susannah Churchill

It is not proven that David married twice - however, both Davids were tailors and the above fits the PR records. Of further interest is that a David Churchill married in Crewkerne 24 May 1811 Elizabeth Randall but he was a widower and probably this David's father [and died 12 Nov 1811 Crewkerne aged 53]. An Elizabeth Lye, d.o. William Lye and Jane was Chr. 13 Jan 1799 in Crewkerne. Witness to the marriage was a George Lye Is there a connection between Elizabeth Lye and the James Lye below?

In April 1826 Mr. Churchill was paid for baby linen, two blankets and a sheet for Jean Riddock by the OOP. Similar entries occur after this date. In the rate assessment of 1827/8 a Ho Churchill paid rates on his shop in Butleigh – must be this David. A notice in the Huntingdon, Bedford & Peterborough Gazette for Saturday 14th November 1829 lists David Churchill draper of Butleigh amongst the bankrupts. R. May spent one night at Churchills in Dec 1831 paid for by the OOP.

In the Sherborne Mercury Monday 15th August 1836 the case was reported of a horse being stolen from David Churchill on 18th June 1836. A James Lye had stolen it. Churchill advertised it in the Hue and Cry on the 20th and saw the horse at Bedminster – it cost him £10. John Thurley of Bedminster stated that Lye brought him the horse on the 18th and asked £10 for it and received a shilling as earnest money. Thurley could see the horse had been ridden hard and was only worth £8 and called the constable. James Lye was transported for life. He went on “The Mangles” 18 March 1837 to New South Wales.

David, Maria, Mary and Susan appear on the 1841 census running the Polsham Elm Inn, St. Cuthber Out, Wells. A Maria was buried 1 Mar 1855 Crewkerne aged 60, another Maria was buried 3 Feb 1855 aged 54 at Somerton.

Mary Maria married watchmaker John Sully in 1847 (Jun Q 10/560 Bridgwater) and they lived in Somerton before moving to Tredegar, Bedwellty, Wales.

David, Maria and Susan lived in New Street, Somerton in 1851. In 1861 Susan and her widowed father lived in West Street, Somerton. Susan Amanda married tinman James Henry Indoe (b. 1842 Somerton - Mar Q 10/457 Langport) in 1862 (Dec Q 5c/799 Langport) and they lived in Wedmore from then until past 1911. They had two children, both still alive in 1911.

1a) George Lye Churchill Chr. 25 Dec 1820 Langport 'Butleigh', carpenter

In 1851 George and Elizabeth lived in Harrison Street, Grays Inn Lane, St. Pancras, London. By 1861 they lived at 216, Pentonville Rd., Clerkenwell with daughter Elizabeth (9).

1b) David Churchill Chr, 14 Mar/10 Aug 1824 Butleigh, saddler, died 1890 (Mar Q 5c/423 Axbridge)

The newlyweds, David and Ann, lived at 2, Market Street, Burhham in 1851. In 1861 they lived in Church Street, Burnham and had a daughter Elizabeth (9). By 1871 David had a new wife, Harriett, who he had married in 1863 plus three young children (aged 6 - 2) by her. In 1881 he lived in Victoria St., Burnham with his wife and seven children.

1c) Charles Churchill Chr. 1 May 1825 Butleigh, tailor

Charled appears on the 1841 census lodging with Thomas Payne of Bow Street, Langport. Charles married Caroline Voake [Coake] (b. 1831 Somerton) in 1858 (Mar Q 5c/621 Bridgwater) and lived in North Street, Somerton in 1861 with her and son Henry (2). In 1871 they were still there with Henry but no more children had been born. By 1881 the three had moved to West Street - Charles' dob then given as 1833.

2) Robert Churchill b. 1813? Sidmouth, farmer s.o. George Churchill

A Tryphena Bampfield died in 1849 in Honiton, Devon who may have been Tryphena's mother. The only other Tryphena on the censuses was born in 1817 at Salcombe Regis, Devon and she appeared at Fortfield House in Sidmouth Devon, as a housemaid in 1861. Robert is probably the unmarried labourer (b. 1813 Sidmouth) living with his sister in Sidmouth in 1861. This Robert appears at 1, Marlborough Place, Sidmouth in 1871 married to 'Phillis' a lodging house keeper - and they are possibly this couple (though Phillis gives dob 1824 and pob Dean Prior). The reason they married in Butleigh was probably that a George Bampfield (b. 1817 Salcombe Regis), who lived in the village was Tryphena/Phyllis's brother. Nfi #

Clap(p)

The Clapp family seems to have been strong in Wedmore at the same time that they were prospering in Butleigh.

1) John Clapp bur. 8 Nov 1627 Butleigh

A widow Alice was bur. 21 July 1635 Butleigh who may have been John's wife [but could equally be the wife of Valentine or Thomas below].

An Indenture p. 12 of DD/S/BT5/6/20 of 9 Feb 1646 between John Clapp [see (3)] and Mary his wife & Thomas Clapp of Wedmore (one part) and Christopher Rugg on the other – gives reference to Alice Burdham of Butleigh owning property and that she was the wife of John Clapp the grandfather of the aformentioned John Clapp.

Agnes married Thomas Bartlett in Butleigh on 20 Jan 1612. # A Margaret married Edward Burnard in Butleigh on 7 Jul 1608, another daughter? #

DD/S/BT/4/2/10 - Assignment of 1.5a in Austins Pits in East field, 1/2a on High St., 1/2a under mill hedge in West field and house lately erected in place of a stable at the end of Valentine Clapp's house with two plots one of which adjoins Richard's new barn, part of Peckham lease (1562) to Alice Burdham, later wife of John Clapp. Rent a peppercorn and 9d.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1672.

1a) Valentine Clapp Chr. 15 Feb 1591 Butleigh tailor

1627-8 Wells Sessions a case was brought against William Jackett of Butley and Valentine Clapp under 5 Elizabeth, 5 Edward VI

DD/S/BT/5/7/1 - 1] Valentine Clapp of Butleigh, tailor 2] Thomas Wilton of Butleigh, husbandman Assignment of 5yds in Butleigh West field. Rent 4d. [Tied together with DD/S/BT/5/7/2 and 5/7/3]. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1636.

1a1) Edward Clapp Chr. 9 Nov 1617 Butleigh bur 26 June 1667 Butleigh

The widow Clapp who received relief in 1675 may be Hester? Grace Clapp received assistance from the Overseers of the Poor in 1673 (and had her shoes mended) and then again in 1690 'in her weeknis and in her trouble'. In 1691 money was paid to Katherine Adams for the relief of Grace an hir child plus rent and clothes – and Dr. Periam was paid for 'curing' her. A warrant was taken out about Grace in 1692 and then no more mention of her.

2) Thomas Clapp

4) Roger Clapp

3) John Clapp bur. 30 Jul 1669 Butleigh

John Clapp tailor, elected 'Parish Register' in 1653.

DD/S/BT/13/1/7 - 1] John Clapp and son Roger of Butleigh, tailors 2] Thomas Looke the elder of Butleigh, husbandman Assignment of 1a at Biggs, Butleigh. [DD/S/BT/13/1/5-10 tied together]. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1662.

5) Roger Clapp (son of John, see previous?) blacksmith died circa 1683

The property 'Clapps' is listed in the 1672 commoners list. Roger appears in the churchwardens accounts carrying out smithing work between 1673 and 1683 (including on the treble wheel in 1673).. Roger Clapp labourer paid for work on church bell 1676. In the overseers accounts he is listed in 1673 as making William Slade's grave. In 1674 he took in Walton's children and received relief for them also in 1675. In 1676 he was caring for Joan Walton and Joane Millard and in 1677-83 Joan Walton still. He also did some tailoring work to Thomas Gane's clothes in 1680. In 1684 Elizabeth Clapp took over looking after Joane Walton. In 1685 there are two references to the widow Clapp receiving relief. !686 was a bad year as she received relief several times for her family 'in their time of trouble' and 'in their sickness' and wood for heating etc. In 1687 she received house rent and relief for a year. This relief continued every year until her death in 1715/6. It constantly refers to her 'children' and it may be that this is a younger Elizabeth? In 1689 an Elizabeth Clapp [therefore a child] was indentured to Edward Jacklett to clothe her – a daughter of this Elizabeth (the child of Elizabeth who died that year? see next paragraph). A warrant was taken out by the OOP concerning Elizabeth in 1693. In 1696 an elderly widow Elizabeth Clapp had bad legs for which she required 'salve' as well as her usual relief. During the period 1687 – 1715 Elizabeth was in regular receipt of coal or wood for heating. In 1717 her rent was paid to John Squire [postdates the death in Dec 1715].

In 1690 – 3 a Roger son (child) of Elizabeth Clapp received assistance from the Overseers. This doesn't seem to be the above family since Roger b. 1666 would be too old to be considered a child by then. Obviously a generation gap here. A child of Elizabeth Clapp buried in 1689 suggests that this Elizabeth had two or more illegitimate children. She was possibly a child of Stephen next?

DD/BR/ho/19 - 3 cottages 'abutting against the Streate... [and] the garden belonging... to the ancient house formerly called Clappes', with land in East Field, purchased from Clapp by Squiar family of Butleigh. Marriage settlement, John Squiar, jun., of Butleigh and Elizabeth Browning, 1715..

6) Stephen Clapp tailor, died before 1690

Stephen appears in the Overseers accounts 1673 – 83 and churchwarden's accounts in 1681 and 1685. In 1673 Stephen made Thomas Gane's clothes. He was a ratepayer 1677-83 [replaced by Richard Holman – relative of Stephen's wife?]. In 1690 there is reference to 'the tenement Late Stephen Clapp. In 1891 the OOP accounts record 'late Elizabeth Clapp' for the same property. Uncertain who this Elizabeth was – the widow of Roger Clapp, or a second wife of Stephen? The daughter Mary married Humphrey Colmer #

DD/S/BT/8/5/11] John Slade of Butleigh mercer and wife Elizabeth executrix of George Burdham decd, Humphrey Colmer the elder of Butleigh and wife Mary daughter of Stephen Clapp decd 2] John Squiar of Butleigh, broadweaver Assignment of a messuage, 2a in West Wood and Date: 1705.

9) Margery Clapp

Margery was in receipt of OOP relief from 1673 – 1686. In 1681 her rent was paid and it was mentioned that she was sick. She possibly died in 1686.

8) Hester Clapp bur. 26 May 1751 Butleigh

From 1739/40 Hester had her house rent paid by the OOP.

9) Lewis John Clapp b. 1884 (Sep Q 5c/506 Wells) Baltonsborough s.o. Hungerford John A. and Hester (nee Toop Knight) Clapp PHOTO

Lewis played a part in the Butleigh Revel of 1906. He was born at Hestover Farm, Burges Lane, Baltonsborough and his mother Hester Toop Knight was Butleigh born. In the Revel he appeared in scene VIII with his uncle Bob Knight. In 1911 his parents and sister Gladys lived at Burlington House, Milton Rd., Weston-Super-Mare. Lewis married Mary in 1907 [Fanny May Allard] and by 1911 farmed in Weston Bamfylde. In 1939 he was left £60 in the will of his brother Colston Appleby Clapp of Manor farm, Woolley, Bath. His father Hungerford Clapp had died in bath in 1934.

Clare?

1) Sarah Clare of Costcombe bur. 23 Aug 1737 Butleigh [Cutcombe – meant for Croscombe? - a Sarah Collier Chr. 15 Apr 1685 Croscombe]

Clarke

[Clark - Clerk]

1) Robert Clarke bur. Apr 1639 Butleigh

Roger received one shilling from the fine paid by William Kelway in 1683 for not burying his wife in woollen.

DD/S/BT/4/5/18 - 1] John Webb 2] Roger Clarke of Butleigh, husbandman Lease for lives of 2a 3yds at Sandpitts, in West field, Butleigh. Rent 6d.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date range: 1667-1668.

1a) John Clarke Chr. 2 Sep 1610 Butleigh

2) George Clarke

3) Sauraha Clarke Butleigh married 1 Aug 1669 John Backhouse #

4) Secily Clarke Butleigh married 2 Nov 1671 Thomas Sam #

DD/S/BT/4/5/19 - 1] John Webb 2] Cicely Clarke of Butleigh Lease for lives of a cottage, Butleigh. Rent 2s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date range: 1667-1668.

DD/S/BT/4/5/27 - 1] James Webb, Anna Webb his mother and Katherine Alleine of Bristol 2] John Sheate worsted comber Lease for lives of a cottage in Butleigh, late Cicely Clarke. Rent 2s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date range: 1680 - 1681.

5) William Clark died 1702?

William Clark paid rates to the OOP for land in South Moor from 1673-1703. He was succeeded by James who was presumably his son. James paid rates on South Moor land 1704 – 1729.

DD/S/BT/4/5/29 1] Thomas Abbot of Butleigh, yeoman, his wife Mary, William Clarke of Lovington, Francis Jennings of Lovington and William Clarke of Ripple, Wookey 2] John Pirkes son of John of Butleigh, husbandman Lease for lives of a cottage south of Sincklers lane, Date: 1683.

DD/S/BT/11/1/26 1] William Clark of Lovington son and executor of James decd, William Clark of Wookey executor of Richard Clark decd, Mary Abbott of Butleigh. 2] Richard Abbott of Butleigh, yeoman, son of Mary Assignment of a cottage, 4a in West field and 2a in East field, messuage and closes (16a), close in east field, 4a in west field and 3a inclosed in Butleigh Southmoor, reserving half house and garden for Mary Abbott. Date: 1698. (?)

DD\BC/127 Robert Clarke of Babcary, mercer: The property described below (except the cottage and yard); to hold to R. C. for terms of 99 years and 99 years determinable on the deaths of himself, wife Eliz. since decd., and James Clarke, son of William Clarke of Lovington, husbandman. Date: 1702.

5a) James Clarke

Paid rates on South Moor 1704 – 1729+ (and possibly later – thereafter called Mr. Clarkes until 1735-9 (when becomes 'or occupiers'), Mr. Clark again until 1770, then 'or occupiers' and in 1772 'late Clarkes').

6) John Clark bur. 18 Feb 1738 Butleigh s.o. William Clark

In 1728/8 the CW paid 1 shilling in expenses at Samuel Sweete about Mr. Clark taking an apprentice. Possibly this Mr. Clark since he seems to be a resident of Butleigh.

7) John Clarke, bur. 5 Jun 1785 Butleigh

A John Clark was 'examined' by the justices in July 1773. (OOP). In April 1781 John Clark and William Rowley were arrested and taken to Evercreech for examination [William Rowley was then married by the OOP to the mother of his bastard child]. In March 1783 John again taken before the justices. In April 1785 'To the expenses going to Wells and Cannards Grave after sommons and examinations of John Clark and others'. In July 'To having the copeys of the examinations at East Pennard of John Clarck and Thomas Barberand, To hors and expence to Wills to obtain a warrant for John Clarck & his expenses boor from Catgot'. In October Betty Clark first received assistance – then; Journey to Wells to have Betty Clarke & Hen. Higgens examin’d and James Corpes horse for Betty Clarke to go to Wells. In October 1785 we find 'Jas Corpe horse & cart to cary Betty Clarke & children to Edington/ Expended at Aishcott on Betty Clark & children/ Myself & horse going to Edington with Clarkes & Henry Higgens'. This might be the Henry b. 16 Mar 1754 Butleigh, s.o. John Higgins – but not certain. The order of removal was confirmed at Bridgwater in Dec 1785.

8) William Clarke, bur. 8 Feb 1804 Butleigh

In May 1789 the Overseers paid 10/6 to put the turves in William's barn and again in April 1791. The William Clarke who occupied the common belonging to James Rood on the Kings Sedgemoor [from 1796] is probably this William. He occupied it until 1803 then Samuel occupied it until 1812. In Nov 1795 William took Israel Wilcox into custody and took him to prison. (OOP). In Sep 1796 he carried potatoes to William Isaac from Butleigh Hill.

Hannah married Butleigh 28 Mar 1808 John Lucas#

8a) Samuel Clarke Chr. 23 Nov 1781 Butleigh, market gardener, s.o. William and Hannah Clarke, d. 1851 (Dec Q 10/236 Axbridge)

Samuel was paid by the overseers in December 1804 for apprehending John Hodges and taking him from Bath and keeping him under arrest to bring him before the justices. Samuel witnessed OOP accounts in 1804.

Samuel occupied the common belonging to James Rood on the King's Sedgemoor until 1812 and that must be when he moved to Keinton Mandeville. In 1851 Samuel lived in Uphill with son Alfred. Two grandchildren Harriet (20) and Samuel (15) Atwell from Weston Super Mare were staying with them. In the Wells Journal 7 May 1859 the 9 acres [No. 737 on Tithe map] belonging to the late Mrs. Clarke , occupied by Mr. Henry Crossman were up for sale.

Alfred was back in Keinton Mandeville in 1861 married to Anna (19 years younger than him) and with daughter Rachel (1).

8a1) John Clark Chr. 21 Aug 1810 Butleigh, Beer house owner and brewer

John ran the "Gigant Brewery" in Gigant Street, Salisbury St. Martin in 1851 [b. Butley]. Wife Mary was b. 1800 Sussex

8a2) Samuel Clarke Chr. 5 Feb 1809 East Lydford [abode Butleigh], builder

Samuel lived in 1851 at Beach, Weston Super Mare. In 1861 they were still in Weston but Samuel was by then a carpenter.

9) Elias Clark Chr. 20 Mar 1831 Compton Dundon, ag. labourer, s.o. John (b. 1800 Yeovil Marsh) and Edith Clark (b. 1799 Compton Dundon), bur. 16 Feb 1900 (Mar Q 5c/418 Wells) Butleigh 61-49, 71-73, 81-103, 91-122

In 1841 Elias had lived with his parents and sister Jane (b. 1828), brothers George (b. 1829) and Uriah (b. 1839) in Compton Dundon. Elias' mother died 1871 (Jun Q 5c/299 Langport) and father John in 1883 (Jun Q 5c/299 Wells) aged 83. Elias married Eliza Higgins in 1851. By 1861 Elias and his wife had moved into part of the Cottage known as 'Late Keepers' with their first three children. In 1871 Elias and Eliza still had George and Cyrus at home plus two new daughters; Jane b. 1866 and Edith b. 1868. Only one Cyrus of the right age surfaces on a later census, and he is from Somerset, but claims a pob as Churchill - he was a coal miner living at 26, Hopkinstown Road, Llanwonno, Glam., with a wife Mary Ann (b. 1858 Bristol).

Susan was staying with her grandparents John and Edith in Compton Dundon in 1871. In 1881 she was a servant at Lays House, Keynsham [mistress Hester Clapp b. Butleigh, wife of Hungerford Clapp]. She married labourer Richard Hayman (b. 1862 Bridgwater) in 1881 (Sep Q 5c/997 Keynsham) and they lived Keynsham in 1891. Another child Rose, was born in 1874 but then her mother Eliza died in 1879.

Jane died in 1881 Mar Q 5c/420 Wells) aged 15. By 1881 Elias with Edith and Rose went to live in New Road, Butleigh. He married again in 1889, to Elizabeth Castle and in 1891 they lived in four rooms of Rocke Cottage. Elizabeth Ann died in 1899 aged 61 and Elias died in 1900 aged 67 - in Wells Union Workhouse.

George became a sergeant in the Royal Marines, East Stonehouse Devon (1891) - where he married Emma. He then became an army pensioner and rural postman in South Brent (1901) having remarried - to Grace.

Rose/Rosannah was a scullery maid in 1891 at "Lytherley", Christchurch Road, Christchurch, Hamps. She married stationary engineman and widower Richard Wainhouse (b. 1861 Beverley, Humberside) in 1909 (Sep Q 9b/1079 Leeds) and in 1911 they lived at Aylesford Terr., Leeds with 5 of his children.

Edith probably left Butleigh and then married - nfi.

10) Sarah Clark b. 1847 (Sep Q 10/420 Wells) Somerton, daughter of the carpenter William Clarke (b. 1807 Crewkerne) and Philis (b. 1804 Compton Dundon) 61-54

Sarah was a servant at Hill Farm in 1861. In 1851 she lived in Somerton with her parents and three siblings. In 1871 she is found in service at 9, Portland Terrace (Portland Lane), All Saints, Southampton, Hants (home of the chaplain of the Royal South Hants Infirmary).

11) Paul Clark b. 1882 (Jun Q 5c/577 Axbridge) Redhill, Som., footman, s.o. Arthur and Tryphena Clarke 01-134

Paul was in service at Butleigh Court in 1901. In 1891 he had lived with his parents in a cottage belonging to Cribbs Farm, Wrington, Som. His father was a farm labourer.

12) Amelia Elizabeth Clarke b. 1870 (Jun Q 3b/97 Northampton) Stanwick, Northants, nurse, d.o. Rowland and Amelia Clarke 91W-117

Amelia worked at Wootton House in 1891. In 1901 was living again, as a laundress, with her parents in Carters Row, Oundle.

13) Maj. Hugh Bryan Clark O.B.E., M.C. b. 5 Jun 1887 (Sep Q 5c/601 Wells), s.o. Francis Joseph and Elizabeth Mary Clark, died 4 Feb 1977 (Mar Q 23/0529 North Dorset) OBIT

Hugh was the second eldest son of Francis Clark, Boot and Shoe manufacturer of Street. In 1891 he appeared with his parents, two sisters and brother in Nether Leigh, Street and in 1901 he appears at The Friends School, 51, Bootham, St. Michael's le Belfry, York. From there he went to Reading Friends School at Leighton Park, and then joined C & J Clark's in Street in 1905. On the 1911 census he appears with his parents at Nether Leigh, Street.

In the Great War he was commissioned in the A.S.C. (Motor Transport) on the Western Front and awarded the Military Cross. DOC After the War he returned to work at the family business and lived in the Old Vicarage, Butleigh, (Butleigh House) which he rented from the Neville family (listed there in 1923 [Mrs. Clark was also selling pram, cot, playpen in October 1923 from Butleigh] and 1935 in Kelly's). He appears on several passenger lists to New York and Boston. He married Lilian Genevieve Brooking PHOTO in Paris on 9 May 1917 at the British Embassy.[CSG May 18 1917 report] She was the daughter of George E. Brooking of Dartmouth, and sister of Ysabel Anita Brooking who married Conrad Donald Im Thurn. The latter was buried in Butleigh in 1930 (viz.) Lilian Brooking had an earlier connection with this area when she appeared on the amateur stage at the Royal Court in London in 1910 alongside William Francis Dickinson of Kingweston in the play 'American Citizen' – a friendship maintained when she lived in Butleigh House. During both World Wars she was a Censorship Officer and in peacetime Honourable Assistant Keeper at the British Museum. Hugh was a past President of the Butleigh Branch of the British Legion.

The Clarke's must have moved into Butleigh soon after the War – in Nov 1919 they were advertising for a cook. Butleigh House, which had been the Vicarage had its last vicar in April 1918 and then a Mrs. Turner [housekeeper?] at the vicarage advertised for a nurse for a 4½ yr old child on 10 May 1918 in Western Gazette – suggesting that another family had already moved in.# In the advert in Western Gazette [21 Nov] they stated they already had a child, nurse and four maids. Mrs. Clarke at Butleigh advertised in the Western Gazette 22 Apr 1921 for a nurse for girl (2) and boy (3 months), and again in 1922 ..needlewoman nurseries cleaned and waited on. In June 1924, living at Butleigh, Hugh Clark organised a Dance at Wells Town Hall for the Somerset County Nursing Ass. of which Mrs. Neville Grenville was a patron. In April 1933 and May 1934 Mrs. Clark at Butleigh House was County Organiser for the Gardens Committee. In 1937 when Hugh was elected to Street Parish Council, his address was given as 23, York Terrace, Regents Park, London but he and Lilian moved to South Court, Castle Cary by April 14th 1939 and he retired from Clark's in 1957. Lilian died in 1963 and Hugh in 1977. While Major Clark resided at Butleigh House the roof of one of the outbuildings was damaged in a great storm in January 1930 when a poplar fell on it. PHOTO

14) Thomas Clark of Street

Thomas Clarke was Overseer of the Poor from November 1814 for Lord Glastonbury's estate. Thomas occupied and farmed 6 commons on Sedgemoor belonging to Lord Glastonbury from 1809/10. - 1814. He was a witness to Vestry employing Richard Wheeler to catch moles in 1811. Overseer (for Lord Glastonbury) 1813/14. The cheese dealer of West Pennard? From 1816 - 1818 a Mr. Clark of Street farmed land belonging to Samuel Galton on the Kings Sedgemoor. This person farmed the land again from 1820/21 and is identified as Thomas Clark, from 1821 it was Joseph Clark [probably the Joseph b. 1800 Street]. Joseph Clark started paying rates in Butleigh in1827 (OOP).

DD\X\SELL/2 West Pennard (WP) Sale Poster Of the estate of Thos. Clarke, W.P., cheese dealer, incl. ho. called late Lamports and land in W.P. and land in Glastonbury and newly built chapel in Butleigh. 1818.

15) William Clarke b. 1870, bur. 5 Nov 1962 (Dec Q 7c/248 Wells) Butleigh

Willliam died at The Laurels” Butleigh.

16) Leonard George Clarke farmer

17) Thomas Clarke b. 1850, d. 29 September 1924 at 11, Jubilee Rd., Cheam, Surrey, eldest son of late William Clarke of Butleigh and Duddleston Farms, Pitminster, Somerset

Classey

1) Edward Classey Chr. 9 Jun 1765 Pitney, s.o. Edward and Elizabeth (nee Scot) Classey, d. 1805

1a) Charles Classey Chr. 15 Jul 1798 Pitney, baker, died 1848 (Dec Q 10/324 Wells) 41-11

Charles was paid by the OOP for bread for 'the Perambulation' in September 1829. He made out the Militia List in March 1831. Adopted Edward's children on his death in 1834 – see below.

1b) Edward Kingsdon Classey Chr. 12 Jul 1795 Pitney, s.o. Edward and Jane (nee Tinney) Classey, d. 4 Nov 1834

From 1814 Beulah House in Butleigh High Street was occupied by the Classey family, bakers. In 1841 Charles and Elizabeth, who seem to have had no children of their own, operated the bakery with Charles' oldest nephew while a second nephew, John Classey, lodged with George Bartlett as shoemaker's apprentice. Charles died in 1848 and the bakery was run from then on by his widow. By 1851 Edward Classey had married Mary Ann Webber, in 1849 and set himself up as a baker in Sadler Street, St. Cuthbert, Wells and didn't return to live in Butleigh (he died in 1909). # In 1851 the widowed Elizabeth Classey ran the bakery with Virtue as assistant, Charles as baker, plus a journeyman baker, Philip Arthur from Woolavington (son of Jeremiah Arthur at Perriams cottage). # Virtue married Josiah Grinter in 1854 (Sep Q 5c/941 Wells) and they had two children, Charles (b. 1855 Street) and Elizabeth (b. 1858 Street) - Josiah died in 1858 (Dec Q 5c/432 Wells) and Virtue Grinter, as she now was, after running another shop in Butleigh (1861-71#) left Somerset and died in 1878 in Swansea. By 1861 Charles Classey was head of the bakery and his aunt had retired. Charles had Robert Wilcox (17) from Middlezoy as his assistant. By 1871 Elizabeth moved to live with her other nephew, Edward, who was now a baker in Wookey, where she died in 1872. Charles had married Anne in 1866 and by 1871 lived in Beulah House with his wife and three children.

1b1) Edward Classey Chr. 27Apr 1823 Kingsdon, baker, died 1909 (Jun Q 5c/280 Wells) 41-11

Edward was originally in partnership as a baker with J. Harris but the partnership dissolved Sept 1849 [Bath Chronicle 13 Sep 1849]. The Bath Chronicle reported a serious accident in Wells on 17 Oct 1849 as Edward was loading his bread cart in Saddler Street when another waggon ran into the cart, knocked down the horse and broke the shafts – but Edward escaped unhurt. In 1851 Edward and Mary Ann lived in Sadler Street, Wells with son Charles and Henry Webber (b. 1838 Butleigh), Mary Ann's brother. A miscreant cut and lamed Edward's horse stabled at the Three Kings in August 1859. In Feb 1860 two boys were found on Charles' premises fior an un lawful purpose and sentenced to 14 days in prison. In March 1860 a vagrant was apprehended in Edward's shop and in August 3 men tried to rob his assistant when driving back to Wells. Edward sublet part of his premises to Dr. Hickman who was a specialist in Homoeopathy.[Wells Journal 30 Jul 1853] Edward left in March 1863 [Wells Journal 7 Mar 1863] and his house and effects were sold by auction – piano [Stodart & son], glass, four poster half tester. The premises in Sadler Street [late in the occupation of Mr. Edward Classey] were sold on 29 Jul 1863. All didn't go well for the family in their new home in Westbury – the Wells Journal reported 5 Sep 1863 that Mrs. Classey fell downstairs while carrying her infant – the child escaped injury but Mrs. Classey sustained a very severe blow on the back of her head and severe bruises in different parts of her body. Edward was a member of the Somerset Good Templars [Western Gazette 14th Feb 1890].

In 1871 the family lived at Wookey and in addition to five children, Edward now had his aunt Elizabeth (73) living with him and a nephew - Charles Edward Grinter (15) from Street. His son Albert was in Butleigh working with Virtue Grinter in her grocery shop. He next appears in 1881 as a warehouseman living at 61, Gt. Bland Street, Trinity Newington, London - married to Annie Phipps. from Kent and with two children (he shared the house with another family). They had married on 25 Mar 1877 at St. Saviours, Southwark. Albert had several occupations, grocer, foreman at a fishworks and pickle manufacturer before they left as missionaries for South Africa in 1898. Albert was connected with the Railway Mission at Braamfontein and died three days before his 94th birthday in 1947. He left a daughter, Mrs. F. E. McGhee, in South Africa and two sons, Will and Albert, in England.

The Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette of 23 Jan 1879 reported the robbery of Edward's son John Alfred Classey of 15s by Henry Sperring while the young lad was driving his cart home to Westbury from Wells.

In 1881 the Classeys were at the Baker's Shop, Westbury and besides two children they had John P. Webber (91) father-in-law with them. In 1891 their property was called 'Manchester House' Brass Square, Westbury and they lived there with two children, Annie Classey being a music teacher. In 1901 they were at "The Cross", Westbury where Edward was a retired baker and Annie specifically a piano teacher. Son Edward married Mary Reidy in 1891 and they emigrated to the USA where he died in 1912. Edward died in 1909 and his Will dated 2 Feb 1899, had probate granted 14 May 1909 to Hamilton Garibaldi Classey leaving leaving shop, outbuildings and two gardens to his wife value £390 13s 6d.

1b2) Charles Classey Chr. 11 Apr 1830 Kingsdon, baker, d. 1922 (Dec Q 5c/680 Long Ashton) 41-11, 51-26, 61-50, 71-73, 81-95, 91-119, 01-136

In the Wells Journal 19th July 1862 it is recorded that Charles was fined for two cases of his scales being of false weight – fines of 7s 6d plus 7s 6d costs. In 1875 Charles advertised in the Western Gazette for an assistant – Weslyan and teetotaler preferred. He was fined again in 1884 2s 6d in two cases plus costs tiotalling 18s and his scale and weights confiscated. [Western gazette 21 Nov 1884].

In 1881 Charles still ran the bakery, his son Albin being called Lucas on the census. The Classeys were involved in the Butleigh Riot of 27 Feb 1882 when a group of men assaulted Mr. James Creed of Butleigh and two Salvation Army officers. They sought shelter from the mob at Classeys and Lucas Classey tried to help Mr. Creed from being attacked by William May. In January 1890 Charles was summoned for using a cart in Barton St. David on the 3rd without his name printed on it – case dismissed. [Western Gazette 31 Jan 1890]

By 1891 Charles Classey and Annie had retired and son Leonard was the head baker (and corn dealer) working with his brother Alexander. Leonard and Alexander were fined 6d and costs each for riding bicycles through Ilminster on Sep 3d 1890 at 10,25 pm without lights [Western Gazette 26 Sep 1890] Alexander's interest in bicycles is evident in the early 1890's since he advertised several times the sale of cycles or tyres e.g. Western Gazette 14 April 1893 – a James safety road racer, eventually becoming a bicycle dealer. Both Leonard and Alexander jointly are listed as bakers in the 1897 Kelly's Drectory.

Lucas laid the foundation stone for the Wesleyan Chapel in Butleigh on Wednesday 26th September 1883. A cavity in the stone contains a plan of the circuit, a couple of newspapers and some coins of the realm. Lucas [Albin] visited his uncle Albin Creed in 1891 [Clossey] and then married Annie Smith in 1893 (Jun Q 5c/913 Shepton Mallet). Lucas Classey 'of Lottisham' was a gold medallist at butter making and champion winner of the Lord Mayor's cup at the London Dairy Show Oct. 1893. In the Western Gazette of 22 Mar 1895 he advertised that he was selling all his furniture etc since he was leaving England – an explanation of his absence on the 1900 census. Lucas appears in a court case before the Taunton magistrates in March 1903 his provision merchant's address being 29, Tooley St., London and domestic address Clapham. He had been swindled out of a diamond ring by a Mr. Aubrey Turle of Taunton. In 1911 A.E.S.C. Lucas Classey was a provision importer and boarded with his wife and only child Muriel at 8/6 Clansicarde Gdns Kensington. In 1923 he gave evidence at a trial at Bow Street Police Court as an expert witness – against a company selling sub-standard cream cheese. He stated that St. Ivel Lactic Cheese was the best cheese in the world. [Western Gazette 25 May 1923]. In 1931 he is called 'the general manager of Messrs Aplin and Barrett when stating that a retailer should make about 3d a pound profit on his butter [Western Daily Press 5 Feb 1931].

Charles' wife Annie died in 1891. In 1901 Charles was retired, but still living with his two unmarried sons Leonard and Alexander, the latter then classified as a cycle dealer. Ann must have died in the 1890's.

In 1911 Charles was still living with his two sons, Leonard and Alexander and on census night they had four visitors: John Classey (86, widower and bootmaker) Charles' brother, Elizabeth Lucas (60, single) M. Jennie Lucas (50 widow) and Edward Lucas (10)

Alexander married Emily Maud Prince in Butleigh on 22 Oct 1917 (Dec Q 5c/878a Wells) – probably the Classey of Classey and Stacey, bicycle dealers of Glastonbury High Street in 1925. They latterly lived in Portishead where Alexander died in 1932, and Emily, who also died there had her ashes interred on 17 Jan 1979 Butleigh.# Their daughter Phyllis Ethel Maud Classey from Portishead b. 1918 (Dec Q 5c/749 Long Ashton) was buried 9 Nov 1981 Butleigh. She had never married. Charles died of a heart attack whilst on a visit in 1922 to his son Alexander in High Street, Portishead and was buried on 21 Dec at Barton St. David Congregational Chapel.

1b2A) Leonard Francis Leopold Classey b. 10 Mar 1869 (Jun Q 5c/563 Wells) Butleigh, baker, bur. 19 Feb 1957 (Mar Q 7c/254 Wells) Butleigh.#

In 1883 Leonard had placed £10 on the foundation stone of the new Weslyan Chapel being built in Butleigh. In 1890 he and his brother Alexander were fined for riding bicycles without lights in Ilchester at 10.25 pm on Sep 3rd and in 1895 he was fined 11 shillings for having an unlicenced dog on his premises Leonard was living at Beulah House when his children were born. He was 46 when he married the 21 year old Ada. Ada, called Kathleen, lived with her parents at Cuba Cottage, Hills Rd, Buckhurst Hill Essex in 1901. By 1910 her parents were running the Rose and Portcullis in Butleigh. Kathleen was baptised in Butleigh on 5 Apr 1910.

The Taunton Courier of Saturday 31 Aug 1946 had the headline 'Closed after 100 years' 'Butleigh Baker's Record. The old established bakery business of Mr. L. Classey, which was started by his father has been closed after more than 100 years. During the whole of that time the bread has been baked in a wood-heated oven, which is believed to be one of the last in use in Somerset. The record of the baker, Mr. H. Hooper, is also noteworthy, as he started with Mr. Classey when he left school and with the exception of his war service during the first world war, has remained in his employment till the business closed, having completed 45 years service. During that time he never lost one day's work from any cause whatever'.

Leonard died at Whitelawn, Butleigh.

2) Eleanor Mary Classey b. 1858 (Sep Q 1a/390 Marylebone), d.o. John and Leonora (née Smith) Classey 71-81

In 1871 at the Shop, High Street, Virtue Grinter (née Classey) (45) widow, lived with her nephew Albert Classey (16) and niece Eleanor Mary Classey (12). Eleanor was the daughter of John and Leonora Classey (b. 1834 Cheltenham), married 1854 (Jun Q 5c/1105 Wells) and in 1891 she appears with them at 37, Seymour Pl., St. Marylebone, London where she is described as a 'Teacher of swimming' - her father being a bootmaker (from Tinctonall - Tintinhull). Her father died in 1918.

Clatworthy

1) Rebecca Clatworthy b. 1825 Yearlscombe [Yarnscombe?], Devon, housekeeper 61W-63

Rebecca, a widow, worked at Wootton House in 1861. Nfi

2) Arthur James Clatworthy b. 1875 (Sep Q 11a/555 Bridgend) Cowbridge, Glamorgan, saddler, d. 1913 (Dec Q 11a/324 Cardiff)

Arthur and family lived in North Petherton in 1901 where he was classed as a general labourer. By 1911 they lived at Longstock, Stockbridge, Hamps. and Ivy and Arthur's p.o.b. given as Glastonbury.

Clegg

1) Samuel Winter Clegg b. 1843 Wakefield, Yorkshire, schoolteacher

Samuel his wife Elizabeth and eldest son Ernest were living at 80, Mowbray Rd., South Shields in 1911.

1a) Ernest Harry Clegg b. 1871 (Jun Q 10a/706 South Shields), d. Oct 18, bur. 21 Oct 1941 (Dec Q 5c/908 Wells) Butleigh

At the time of his death Ernest was living at Bate Lodge, Baltonsborough.

1b) Edward Percival Clegg b. 1875 (Dec Q 10a/694 South Shields) Durham, S. Shields Elementary Schoolteacher, d. May 19th bur, 22 May 1941 (Jun Q 5c/1035 Chard) Butleigh

In 1911 Edward and Alice lived at 134, Welbeck Rd., Walker, Newcastle on Tyne with their first three children. At the time of his death Edward Percival was living at East Chinnock Rectory, Yeovil. Mr. Clegg was a heavy smoker according to Wesley Adams, one of his pupils, and kept a three-thonged leather strap to encourage his pupils. Some of his pupils burnt it in the cast iron tortoise stove in the classroom when the teacher was absent! Mrs. Clegg paid rent of £40 p.a. on the dwelling house and shop [corner of High St and Chapel Lane] at the time of the Butleigh Court Estate sale of Feb. 1947. Water was on supply from the estate. Alice's address at her death was Dalecroft Yopps Green, Plaxtol.

Clements

1) Thomas Clements widower of Bruton, [bur. 31 Oct 1784 Bruton aged 67 poor?]

Jane/Jone Eastment was born Jone Rowley and had married Thomas Eastment in Butleigh in Jul 1764. Thomas Clements' parish shown on the Bishop's Transcripts. Thomas Eastment s.o. Jane was apprenticed to Thomas 'Lemon' of Bruton in Nov 1778.

A son Daniel was born to Thomas Clements junior on 28 Feb 1779 Bruton and another son John on 31 Oct 1781 [no mother's names given]. The father Thomas described as chimney sweeper on the latter birth record.

2) Lydia Clement

In Nov 1773 Lydia received money in necessity from the OOP and in December 'in her death bed'. Jane Eastment was receiving assistance from the OOP at the same time – related to (1) – first wife?

3) Emma Clements b. 1856 Glastonbury, domestic worker 01-145

In 1901 Emma worked at Butleigh Cottage Hospital. She was married to Frank/Francis Clements, a boot rounder, and they appeared in Cranhill Road, Street in 1881 and again in 1891, with their four children.

Clifford

1) William Clifford b. 1869 London 81-95

William appeared as a visitor of the Rev. John Warren Danford at Corner House, High Street in 1861. Nfi

Clinton

1) Mr. [Revd] Guido Clintonfrom 1673-1694 this clerk from Wells was visited in Glastonbury by the Butleigh vicar to have the accounts approved. See under Cross for his daughter and heir.

Close

1) Alice Elizabeth Close b. 1876 (Dec Q 5c/507 Wells) Baltonsborough 91-126

In 1881 Alice lived with her widowed mother Elizabeth, a dressmaker, at 7, Mill Street, Baltonsborough. In 1891 she was a servant at the home of Joseph Connock butcher in Oddway. In 1901 she was a ladies maid in 'Kimberley', Brownlow Road, Wood Green, Middlesex.

2) Mary A. Close b. 1851 Baltonsborough 01-145

Mary was the wife of Stephen Close, a sawyer, of Rockland Villa, Baltonsborough. On the 1881 census they were shown with two children. In 1901 she was a patient at the Cottage Hospital, Butleigh. Absent from 1911 census

3) Emea Close b. 1867 (Emma Jane Jun Q 5c/602 Wells or Leah b. 1867 (Dec Q 5c/535 Wells) Butleigh, embroidress

Emea was a visitor (and single) in 1891 at the house of Charles Hilborn in 67, High Rd., Kilburn, Willesden. Emma Jane, born the same year stayed in Baltonsborough including 1891 but Leah left Baltonsborough and was missing in 1891. She died in 1897

4) William Frank Close [Higgins] b. 1859 [Frank William Higgins 1859 (Sep Q 5c/599 Wells) Baltonsborough, agricultural labourer, s.o. William [Higgins on marriage certificate] and Eliza Close

Gabriel Close of Baltonsborough alias Higgins (illegitimate) married Sarah Baker of Ditcheat in Ditcheat 16 Feb 1812 which lead to this confusing line of Close/Higgins descendants who used either or both surnames.

In 1911 Eliza lived in Lubborn, Baltonsborough, with just sons Frank and Milborne and stated she was married 29 years and had five chilldren. In 1891 she had lived at Tilham Street Baltonsborough with husband William, step-dau. Mary Close (b. 1876 Butleigh) and four other children born post 1884 in Baltonsborough. William lived with his parents William and Eliza Close before his marriage and they appear thus on the 1871 and 1881 censuses but on the 1861 census they were called William and Eliza Higgins! Eliza was 49 in 1861 and William may have been the child of one of their daughters. On the 1851 census they were called Close. William reverted to just the surname Close after his marriage.

5) Oliver Close b. 1888 (Sep Q 5c/606 Wells) Baltonsborough, s.o. James and Sarah (nee Burge) Close

Oliver's father seems to be the James Close [Higgins] born 1851, older brother of William Frank Close [Higgins] above.

In 1991 we were visited by Jim F. Close and his wife Cecile from Harrow, Victoria, Australia. His father, Oliver had been groom at Butleigh Court in 1907 and emigrated to Australia. The story they told was as follows; It was a case for instant dismissal if a servant from one estate was found talking to the servant from another – to prevent tittle-tattle spreading. One day Oliver, who worked on the Kingweston Estate was in Butleigh and saw a girl he had been to school with and said 'Hello' to her. Unfortunately she was working on the Butleigh Estate and as a consequence of being spotted, he lost his post. The Squire, Robert Neville-Grenville gave him the job of looking after the hunting dogs, as a groom at Butleigh. Sometime later, his mother received a letter from her brother who had emigrated to Australia many years before. It said that he owned a large estate with thousands of sheep but that he now couldn't manage it all. He had never married and hadn't seen a woman for years – in fact had chased one 200 miles across Australia some decades previously but she wouldn't marry him. If one of his sister's sons wanted to take over the estate he could have it – all he had to do was bring the letter with him and repeat the last words his sister had said to him when HE had emigrated. Oliver took up the invitation and his descendants owned a large area of Victoria and bred the highest quality merino sheep.

Clothier

1) John Clothier [Chr. 6 Oct 1735 KM s.o. __ed Cloathier and Rosamond Hodgkings, the John Clothier, called 'poor' buried 16 Feb 1801 Keinton Mandeville]

Possibly unrelated – but in 1769 the OOP paid £15 15s 1d to have the Clothier family removed to Keinton Mandeville. It was expensive because of the cost of going to court in Wells and transporting their goods to Keinton. Probably not closely related to the wealthier Clothier family of Street. The family had first received OOP assistance in their distress in Nov 1769 and December when they were sick. In January and February 1770 the OOP paid the family further assistance. In April 1771 the OOP paid 5/- to John 'by way of charity'.

2) Robert Clothier bur. 25 Aug 1810 Street, stone mason of Street killed by a cart in Butleigh - 27 Sep 1810. [Taunton Courier]

Coat(e)

1) Henry Coate of Kingsbury b. 27 Sep 1667 Lambrook, Kingsbury, s.o. John Coate and Elizabeth (nee Humphries), died before 1750

The Coates family were Quakers and a John Coates was in Pennsylvania between 1682 -99, who, if it wasn't actually this Henry's father, seem to have been a relation. Henry was the ratepayer and successor to John Heiate (Hiett), paying rates in Butleigh 1701-3. Probably the same Henry Coate who then paid rates 1723 - 31 in succession to Henry Collins, which passed to Charles, Edward and John Strode. Henry and his wife may have had no children and died between 1731 and 1750 when there is a reference below to his nephew James Willey who may have been his heir. Since no death record has so far been traced, one could speculate that Henry may have later returned to America? The following information has been supplied by Marty Hiatt [Genealogical researcher in the USA];

In 1698 In Somerset, John Coate and his son Henry were brought to court for not paying tithes to the parson Joseph Horsey of Kingsbury. The judgement felt the parsons demands of 26 pounds for twelve years was unreasonable and lowered the fine to 14 pounds. However, John had still not paid these when he died soon after and the charges were dropped. John Coate of Kingsbury, died on December 29, 1699 according to Somerset Quarterly Meeting Records.


The other American connections; a William Coate Chr. 14 Jun 1702, Kingsbury Episcopi, s.o. Marmaduke Coate and Ann (nee Pole) emigrated to America where he married Rebecca Sharp 26 Feb 1727 at Wellingborough, Burlington County, New Jersey. Marmaduke was the son of Marmaduke, son of Henry Coate. This last Henry Coate (b.c. 1595 Hambridge, Curry Rivel) had, besides Marmaduke, an older son John b.c. 1641 in Hambridge, Curry Rivel who married Elizabeth Humphries on 29 Dec 1663 in Kingsbury [parents of this Henry]. Henry (b. 1667) is mentioned in the Hiett document as having to pay a sum to Daniel Yeates when he returned to England and he must therefore have been in America and met John Hiett there.

Court of Chancery Six Clerks Office Pleadings C 6/60/87 [and 88] Short title: Strode v Tilly. Plaintiffs: William Strode. Defendants: Samuel Tilly clerk, Henry Laver, John Coate, Walter Hodges and Ames Rookes. Subject: rectory of Kingsbury, Somerset. Document type: bill, answer. 1673

DD/S/BT/6/8/3 1] John Hiett late of Butleigh but now of Pennsylvania, America and wife Mary 2] Henry Coate of Kingsbury, yeoman Mortgage of Hiett's messuage, 6a in the moor, Darksome (1/4a), 4a at East end by Barton river, 2a at Whitewell, 6a at Shilfehedge, 6a at Brownswell Date: 1700. [see under Hiett for transcription by Marty Hiatt]

DD/S/BT/8/3/1-2 1] Henry Coate of Kingsbury and wife Anne 2] Philip Avery the elder of Butleigh, carpenter Lease and release of Brownswell (6a), Shilfhedge (6a), 1a arable adjoining Stones piece, 2a by highway from New gate, 1/2a in Longhill, 1a south of Clayhill, two Date range: 1701 - 1702.

DD/S/BT/6/1/2 1] Henry Coate of Kingsbury and wife Anne 2] William Colmer the elder of Butleigh, yeoman Assignment of a Peckham lease (1562) of Harepitts furlong (2a), 3/4a under Sower Down, 3/4a in Long Gaston and 3/4a in Mounshill, Butleigh. Rent 1d. Endorsed Look Date: 1702.

DD/S/BT/6/5/31 1] William Strode of Butleigh, yeoman, Charles Strode of Ashcott, yeoman, Edward and John Strode of Butleigh, masons and George Strode of Butleigh, yeoman, sons of William decd 2] Henry Coate of Kingsbury, yeoman 3] Henry Talbott and William Hodges of Date: 1731.

DD/S/BT/12/1/13 1] James Willey of Stembridge, Kingsbury, yeoman, nephew of Henry Coate decd 2] William Curtis of Butleigh, yeoman Release of 7a in Butleigh West field and 1/2a in the East field.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1750. [the James Willy of Kingsbury who married Betty Cox of S. Petherton in Crewkerne 24 Jan 1742]

DD/S/BT/8/7/10-12 1] Jonas Lucas of Butleigh, butcher 2] Robert Lucas of Baltonsborough, woolcomber 3] John Squiar Lucas of Butleigh, yeoman 4] James Grenville of Butleigh Assignment of Ragg (3a), Butleigh. Enclosed 1702 lease by Henry Coate and Ann to John Squiar nd copy Date: 1797.

2) Fancy Coat b. 1836 Charlton, farm servant 51-36

In 1851 Fancy worked on the farm of William Dyke at Barton Stone, Butleigh. Nfi

Coates

1) Arthur Bernard Coates b. 1883 (Sep Q 2c/317 Wallingford) Wallingford, Berks, s.o. Arthur N. and Martha Anne Coates, d. 1956 (Sep Q 7a/629 Tiverton)

In 1911 the family lived at 10, South Bar St., Banbury, Oxon. At the time of Muriel's baptism her parents address was given as 26, London Road, Strood and father's occupation as store manager. Mary was the daughter of Frederick Evans who lived at The Grange Butleigh in 1911. Muriel seems to be the person who married Cecil J. Venn in Honiton in 1945.

Cock

1) Joseph Pole Cock b. 13 Nov 1817, Chr. 2 Jan 1818 Hornblotton, s.o. James and Phebe [nee Parker] Cock bur. 11 Jun 1835

'June 9th expenses of Joseph Cock of Hornblotton paid a man to Shepton of the Coroner' – entry in 1835 Butleigh OOP accounts. The Sherborne Mercury 15 June 1835 reported that Joseph Pole Cock accompanied his friend William Wallis of East Pennard had left there at about 10 'o clcok to go to Street to look for work. They went direct from Pennard to Baltonsbury and into the drove way called Peril's Drove near Watchwell Farm. William proposed that they seek shelter at the farm from the heavy storm which was coming on. It rained and had thundered several times. His friend Joseph said 'Come on' and they went towards Street,. About 100 yards below Watchwell Farm there was a tremendous clap of thunder. Deceased hung down his head and said 'Lord have mercy upon me, how it did startle me!” William laughed at that and they went on about four yards when they were both struck down to the ground. He saw the lightening immediately then, about or before they fell. He was insensible for a time and when slightly recovered struggled back to Watchwell Farm to tell them what had happened. The body presented a dreadful spectacle: a fur cap which the deceased had worn was literally torn to pieces and found about a yard from the body. It appeared that the electric fluid had struck the deceased on the head then passed down over the chest, taken an oblique direction down the right thigh, scorching as it proceeded and then entered the half-boot bursting the leather and forcing out several large nails from the bottom. A stick the deceased held in his hand was burnt to a cinder. He was a remarkably fine, strong, well made young man nearly six feet high. Verdict “Struck dead by lightning by the visitation of God”.

Cockman

1) William Cockman b. 1874 (Jun Q 5a/200 Alderbury, Wilts) Salisbury, Wilts, butler, s.o. Edward and Marion Cockman 01W-141

William worked at Wootton House in 1901. In 1891 he was Kitchen Boy at "The Bedford", 2, Bedford St., St. Martins in the Fields, London.

CocksCox

Coggan

(Coggin)

1) John Coggen tallow chandler of Somerton [bur. 26 Nov 1734 Somerton? Seems to have died between 1735 and 1746]

John Coggen started paying rates in Butleigh in 1734 (OOP). Previously they had been paid by Andrew Abbott to 1728 then his widow Elizabeth to 1732. In 1735 it was John Coggen 'or the occupiers' (CW). Elizabeth Coggen paid the rates in 1736 (OOP) and was Overseer of the Poor in 1736 [William Gattern acting on her behalf] though John was named as ratepayer in 1736 and 1737 according to the CW accounts. Both CW and OOP accounts then name John as ratepayer until 1741 but in 1742 it is Elizabeth or 'Widow Coggens' – then the property seem to be taken back by her son James Abbott.

DD/S/BT/5/3/7-8 1] John Coggan of Somerton, tallow chandler and wife Elizabeth former wife of Andrew Abbot of Broadway, clothier, decd, son of Richard decd 2] John Stocker Norton of Somerton and Nicholas Bicknell of Long Sutton, yeoman Assignment in trust of a messuage, closes of meadow and pasture (16a), 9-a close of arable, East end (5a 1p), 6a at Saddle Combe and 8a 3yds in the East and West fields of Butleigh part Peckham lease (1562). Endorsed Gould 1758. With counterpart. , Date: 1735.

DD/S/BT/5/3/14 1] Mary Withy of Somerton, executrix of John Coggan of Somerton, tallow chandler whose wife Elizabeth was wife of Andrew Abbot of Broadway, clothier, decd 2] James Abbot Assignment of any right to the leasehold estate of Andrew Abbot, Elizabeth and their daughter Ann. Endorsed Gould 1758 Date: 1746.

2) Charles Coggin

Three marriages in Somerton refer to a Charles Cogganon 26 Oct 1777 to Susannah Hopkins, on 29 Jan 1781 to Ann Hodges and on 27 Jun 1796 to Jane Hurd – probably no connection to this Charles? .In February 1801 the OOP paid 10 shillings and 6 pence for the relief of Betty Withers and in March 17 shillings. In Nov 1800 the Overseer was paid for two journeys to Somerton and Ilchester about 'Coggins'. Her son John was bapt. 8 Mar 1801 in Butleigh. In April the OOP paid a constables bill of 14 shillings concerning Charles Coggins and in May 2 warrants were issued against him. From May Charles was paying bastardy pay to the OOP almost monthly. By July he was arrested and held for one night, made to pay for Betty's 'lying in' and ten weeks maintenance and then began paying regular 'bastardy' money (until 1813). He was identified as the father in the OOP account for October 1801. The last bastardy payment seems to have been made in April 1813.

Coke- see Cook

Cole

see also Coles

1) Thomas Cole labourer Chr. 24 May 1795 Blagdon s.o. James and Mary Cole, d. 1851 (Sep Q 11/73 Clutton)

This couple appear on the 1851 census at Compton Hill, Compton Martin but in 1861 at Cheddar Road, Compton Martin Elizabeth lived alone as a widow.

Coleman

1) John Henry Coleman servant

John Henry was described as Hall Boy, Butleigh Court at his son John's baptism. His son seems to have been born elsewhere.

Coleridge

1) The Hon. Geoffrey Duke Coleridge of Butleigh, b. 23 Jul 1877 Ottery, Devon, [d. 27 Mar 1955] – reported attending a meeting of 'Old Ottregians Society' in London [Exeter and Plymouth Gazette 17 Dec 1909. Lord Coleridge (his father) was in the chair accompanied by Phyllis Coleridge. In 1911 lived with wife Jessie Alethea (nee Mackarness, married Sandhurst 14 Sep 1904) at Ivy House, Clophill, Ampthill, Beds. Possible printing mistake in the newspaper?

Coles

1) Joane Colles

In 1699 this person appears briefly in the OOP accounts when she attended John Strode and his family in their sickness ( 3 weeks at 5 shillings a week). Bridget Look was paid for helping with the delivery and Ann Hayden for staying two week in attendance.

2) Richard Coles [Chr. 16 Jun 1713 Pilton s.o. Samuel Colls]?

3) Samuel Cole

Samuel paid by the OOP in April 1795 for going to Glastonbury and sleeping with Wm Lemon – may be misspelling of Samuel Callow? Richard (2) had a brother Samuel Chr. 18 Dec1734 Pilton – possible connection to this Samuel? The son of this Samuel of Pilton Chr. 29 Sep 1771 could well be the John next.

4) John Coles sojourner,

John was 'examined' by the OOP in April 1801. He received 6/- in assistance from the OOP in August 1815. On Aug 23rd 1815 the OOP paid for a journey to Glastonbury for a gig to take John Coles to the justice. A further payment made the same month for a horse and cart to Butleigh Wootton to take him before Lord Glastonbury for examination – then a further journey to Ilminster with John, his wife and Jacob their son [plus turnpike costs, bread, cheese, beer hay, corn at Public House etc.] and examination by Mr. Welch. Johns wife had received 3 yards of dowlas which appears in the October 1815 OOP accounts. In November 'A journey to Somerton for Mr Welch to come to Mr Gould and Lord Glastonbury to settle for Coles’s future abode'.

Matters seem to have taken a more serious turn because in June 1816 the OOP paid 'To a bill of expenses paid at Taunton sessions for John Coles’s tryall'.

5) John Coles b. 1840 gardener, s.o. John Coles (farmer)

In 1851 Sarah had lived with her parents in Bishops Hull where her father was an auctioneer. After 1867 nfi.

6) Job Coles b. 1823 Odcombe, labourer, died 1903 (Sep Q 5c/275 Wells)

The Maria Trask wedding seems to be registered twice, the second time 1851 (Dec Q 10/903 Yeovil). In 1841 she lived at the Hare and Hounds Barton, East Chinnock, Yeovil with her mother Betsey and in 1851 lodged alone with the Carbin family in College Street, East Chinnock.

In 1871 Job appeared in Street with his first wife and four children (aged 16 - 1). In 1881 1891 the family lived in Leigh Lane, Street with three children from the first marriage plus a daughter of Harriet's by her previous marriage. By 1891 they lived at Lover's Walk, Street where Job was a sawyer and general labourer. In 1901 just Tom lived with his parents at 44 Leigh Road (as a shoemaker), next door to the family of Noah Blackmore (49). In 1911 Thomas lived in Leigh Rd., Street with his wife Ellen Hooper (b. 1880 North Petherton) and son Gilbert (3). They had married in 1905 (Mar Q 5c/529 Bridgwater). Kate married Charles Moore in 1904 (Mar Q 5c/709 Wells) and in 1911 they lived at 1, Kimberley Terrace, Chard with their two children and mother-in-law Harriett Coles (67).

6a) Joseph Coles b. 1852 East Chinnock, sawyer, s.o. Job and Maria Coles

Augusta lived in Street with her parents in 1881. In 1891 she still lived with her parents and her pob was then stated as Street. She married Joseph Hooper in 1896 (Mar Q 5c/730 Wells) and they lived in Street with her brother Fred Coles (b. 1884 Street).

7) Fanny Coles b. 1827, bur. 30 Sep 1865 (Sep Q 5c/360 Wells) Butleigh

Nothing found for this 38 year old woman - related to the above? A child Kate (Katherine) b. 1850, bur. 23 Jun 1864 (Jun Q 5c/426 Wells) Butleigh was probably her daughter.

8) William Baker Coles b. 1875, bur. 13 Feb 1945 (Mar Q 5c/555 Wells) Butleigh

William died at 56, Butleigh.

Collibear

Cullibear

1) James Collibear b. 1758, joiner of Ashcott, [s.o. Josia?], bur. 23 Apr 1839 (Jun Q 10/342 Wells) Butleigh

Mary was the widow of William Leach of Buleigh who had died in 1802. Mr. Collibear built the Privy at Sealy's Row in October 1818. In Sep 1824 the OOP paid his bill for repairing windows and mending doors etc. James paid rates in 1827. (OOP). In March 1828 James was paid for repairing the Poor Houses.

DD/S/BT/19/3/8 - 1] John Gear of Baltonsborough, yeoman, 2] John Dauncey of Baltonsborough, yeoman, 3] James Collibear of Butleigh, joiner - Mortgage of the Common (3a) at North wood, Baltonsborough. 1817

Collier

1) Jane CollierMentioned in OOP accounts Aug 1812 when she looked after William Talbots daughter.

Collings

1) Sarah Collings Chr. 17 Aug 1814 Baltonsborough, servant, d.o. Thomas and Susan Collins 51-27

Sarah was aged 35 and unmarried in 1851 when she visited the home of William Look in Oddway. Nfi unless she is the Sarah Collins at Shapwick in 1841.

Collins

See also Cullen/Cooling

A) William Collins junior

William and a Isabell Collyns mentioned in the will of John Stone 1561. In Baltonsborough a Thomas Chr. 20 Jul 1542 and a John Chr. 4 Jun 1544 s.o. William Collins.

B) John Collens mentioned in the will of Avice Kytes 1555. John Collins in Baltonsborough had Walter and Margery Chr. 9 Apr 1543.

C) Matilda Colens married Butleigh 19 Oct 1592 George Eston

1) Joan Collins

In High Ham, a Joanna Collins Chr. 29 Nov 1571 d.o. William and another Joanne Collins Chr. 25 Feb 1598 d.o. John Collins. Joanna could also be the one who was wife of William Collins but most likely the Joanna Collins who married Thomas Kellway in High Ham on 26 Jun 1634.

DD/S/BT/5/6/1 1] William Kipping of Butleigh, parchment maker 2] Thomas Kellway of Butleigh #, husbandman and Joan Collins of Henley in High Ham Assignment of 1a by the 'gurle' on Southernhill in Butleigh West field part Peckham lease (1562).. [Somerset Archive and Records, Date: 1634.

2) Edward Collins [all falls in the 1677- 1714 PR Gap]

Edward paid rates 1681-1697 and was immediately followed by Henry in the same property who paid the rates from 1698 – 1721 (in 1722 he is the late Henry Collins). Henry appears in the churchwardens accounts in 1684 and 1701 for killing polecats (total 3 for which he was paid one shilling). It is possible that Mathew (next) and Henry were both the sons of Edward but that the older son had set himself up in business during the lifetime of his father. Henry Collins seems to have been followed by Henry Coate as ratepayer.

3) Matthew Collins whitebaker died 1713?

Mathew (spelt Mathu) appears in the churchwardens accounts in 1683 when he killed 2 polecats and 6 hedgehogs. He and Edward Collins both started paying rates in 1781 but with Edward paying the higher rate (1s 4d against 8d). He paid rates until 1695 then his circumstances must have changed for the worse. In 1702 - 4 he received Symcockes legacy money (for the poor). In 1704 he received 2 weeks relief (4s) from the OOP but they spent 5s 4d in expenses to stop the order for his relief. He must have become ill because in 1705 he received a year's relief 'in his sickness'. Between 1706 and 9 he must have become totally dependant and received relief, house rent, clothing and wood for heating – and mention is made again of his sickness. It was the same in 1713/14 his rent was paid but he received relief for just 12 weeks suggesting that he died in 1713 (most likely – or left the village).

DD/S/BT/4/2/11 - 1] William Parker of Knoll, Long Sutton, husbandman 2] Matthew Collins of Butleigh, whitebaker Assignment of a house and 2.5a in Butleigh. Endorsed that Matthew Collins sold Austins Pits in East field to William Looke in 1695 for 4d rent. Tied to previous.. Date: 1677.

DD/S/BT/4/2/12 - 1] Matthew Collins of Butleigh, baker 2] William Stock of Butleigh, tailor Assignment of a house and plot north of Nodway on the east of the West field in Butleigh, late Richard King's. Tied to previous.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT Date: 1702.

4) John Collens of Baltonsborough [bur. 16 Apr 1769 Baltonsborough - Collings?]

After Martha's death John seems to have had more children with a wife Mary. John's baptism not found in baltonsborough and he may have been Butleigh born [in the 1677-1714 PR gap]. Martha too might have been Butleigh born – no sign of her in Baltonsborough before her marriage.

5) Thomas Collins

Thomas appears solely in 1709 when he received Symcockes bequest money – possibly the son of Mathew.

6) Edward Collins bur. 18 Oct 1811 Butleigh

Edward Collins was paid for going to Charlton by the OOP in April 1803. He received another payment for 2 days in October 1807.

7) William Collins, bur. 27 Feb 1763 Butleigh

A warrant was taken out against Mary Collins in October 1762. William received 1/6 from the OOP in his distress in Feb 1763 and they paid his funeral expenses in March. Mary Collins was given medicine (paid for by the OOP) in 1763. Mary seems to have married James Brier Butleigh 15 Aug 1763.#

In July 1785 a Jane Collins was taken before the justices in Wells, examined, and some uncertain settlement made.

8) James Collins, bur 4 Nov 1812 Butleigh

A Jemmy [James] Collings bill for making clothes for the poor was paid by the OOP in 1751/2, 1752/3, 54/5 etc. In April 1771 he was paid for making badges (for the poor to wear to show they were charity cases!). He was paid for 9 more badges in Sept 1772 and 12 more in Feb 1774. His rent was being paid by the OOP in 1777. In Feb 1783 James received money from the OOP 'in necessity'. In December 1783 he was paid 6d for fetching the doctor for Ann Grove. The Betty Collins receiving OOP assistance of 8/- from April 1818 is probably his widow. Her last payment was made in September 1822.

Hester married coachman Joseph Hibble (b. 1785 Sudbury Suffolk) on 6 Jul 1830 at St. James Westminster and in 1851 thye lived with their son John at 16, Stanmore Street, St. Pancras Marylebone.

9) John Collins married Sarah Davis of Street in Butleigh 3 Oct 1814 (John b. 1771 above?)

The John Collins who lodged the John Lucas family for 32 weeks - paid by the OOP in August 1822?

10) Henry Collins, cooper

The above wedding states that Henry Collins was of the Parish of Ashwick – witnesses Elizabeth Collins [who married George Lye 6 May 1824 Kilmersden] and Mary Lambert. Mary Lambert was Chr. 6 Nov 1802 Mells d.o. Albin and Sarah Lambert.

10a) William Lambert Collins Chr. 18 Aug 1830 Wells St. Cuthbert [Oakhill], Som., gardener 61-49, 71-73

William had lived in 1851 with his widowed mother Sarah (an artificial flower maker) and brother Henry (a pawn broker) in Torr Lane, Wells. His father had been Henry, a cooper (1841 census). In 1861 William lived in the Gardener's cottage with his wife, two children and his niece Elizabeth Horler (13). In 1871 he was joined by his mother but she died in 1873. In 1871 young Robert and Henry lodged with William Edwards in Wells - Robert as a Solicitor General clerk. By 1881 William and Anna had also returned to Wells (77, High Street).

11) Thomas Collins

County officer (?) who received the County Stock money from the Overseers in Jan 1808 and for some years thereafter.

12) George Collin(g)s carpenter of Butleigh b. 1807 Edgarley [abode West Horrington at marriage], s.o. Thomas Collins

A George Collings was b. 24 Sep, Chr. 26 Sep 1805 in Hornblotton s.o. Thomas and Susanna Collings. On 1851 census the family lived at Baltonsborough and were still there, in Ham Street in 1861. No C of E baptism for the family in Baltonsborough – Moravians?

12a) Hobart [Hubert] Collins b. 1849 (Jun Q 10/522 Wells) Butleigh

Hobart was the youngest child in 1851 of George (b. 1807 Edgarley) and Ann Collins who lived in Baltonsborough. George was a carpenter and peripatetic. His other children were mostly Baltonsborough born. In 1861 Hubert's pob was also given as Baltonsborough.

13) John Collins Chr. 12 Feb 1871 Stourton, Wilts, groom, s.o. John and Mary Collings 91-115

John lived over the stables at Butleigh Court in 1891. Nfi

14) Reuben Collins b. 1849 Butleigh, labourer

In 1871 Reuben lodged in Pill Town, West Pennard. Nfi another name or misreading for Hubert?

15) Stephen Collins d. bef 1881, 'formerly of Butleigh Wootton'

On 19 Feb 1881 (Mar Q 1a/21 Kensington) Florence Serena married Robert Walters Esq MA University of Oxford, Barrister-at-Law [b. 9 Apr 1832 s.o. Robert and Catherine Delicia Walters, d. 1912 Ware, Herts] of Ware Priory, Hereford.

16) Maurice Collins b. 1894 Edinburgh

In 1911 Maurice was an apprentice butcher to George Turner at Sweets in Butleigh. In 1901 he had been at boarding school in Bridport Dorset. Nfi but probably a casualty of the War.

Colly

1) Peter Colly

A Peter Colley married an Elizabeth Sprague 20 Oct 1618 in Minehead.

Colmer

This is a complicated family and without further information from wills must remain uncertain. A lot of sorting out required

A) An Edith Colman appears in the will of Thomas Morrys 1561.

B) Agydius Collmer bur. 6 Nov 1584 Butleigh

C) Rabodya Colmer married Butleigh 6 Jul 1590 Edmund Callowe #

D) William Colmer bur. 1 Feb 1610 Butleigh ?

William Colmer paid £5, 5s Tything on the 1581 subsidy Roll [SHS Vol. 88] He witnessed the will of John Maister 1559.

1) William Colmer bur. 20 May 1627 Butleigh ?

Daughter Maria married Maurice Alwood in Butleigh in Oct 1613 # The above arrangement of 'Williams' is not proven.

DD/S/BT/4/6/1-2 1] William Colmer of Butleigh 2] Robert Grimstead of Baltonsborough, yeoman Lease for 220 years of Benhorseys (3a), Butleigh. Rent 5s. With counterpart. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date range: 1626 - 1627.

DD/S/BT/4/2/3 - 1] William Colmer of Butleigh 2] William Wooll or Atwooll of Butleigh, tanner Assignment of 9a arable newly-inclosed from West field part Peckham lease (1557) and assigned to him by Jane Colmer. Rent 3s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT Date: 1629.

DD/S/BT/27/2/4/ - 1] Jane Colmer of Butleigh 2] Humphrey Colmer her son Copy assignment of 2.5a and a messuage in Yeator Lane, Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1629.

DD/S/BT/4/2/2 - 1] Jane Colmer of Butleigh 2] John Colmer her son [Absent from readable PR] Assignment of 2.5a arable and a messuage in Water Lane part Peckham leases (1557, 1559) as administratrix (1627) of her husband William son of William Colmer. Rent 12s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, Date: 1629.

1a) Thomas Colmer Chr. x Apr 1593 Butleigh

1b) William Colmer Chr. 7 Mar 1602 Butleigh 'the elder' bur. 21 Mar 1668 Butleigh

William Colmer churchwarden in 1675. Thomas Colmer paid for working on the church bells 1675 – also mentioned amongst the commoners in 1672.

1b1) William Colmer Chr. 5 Apr 1635 Butleigh 'the younger', later 'senior' d. 1714/5?

William was churchwarden in 1674 and 1675 and occasionally witnessed the accounts. He was Overseer of the Poor in 1683. He paid rates from 1673 to 1715 and is mentioned in the accounts in 1675 (called 'senior') when he took Mary Gill as apprentice, and 1685 as landlord of Mary Backhouse. In 1715 rate it says 'or occupier' and in 1716 the property (acc. sequence in the rates list) was in the name of Thomas and William Hodges – see below. The record doesn't say 'grandson of the 'late William Colmer' and so the William Colmer, baker of Baltonsborough, buried in Butleigh 16 Mar 1730 could be this William – or his son (b. 1670).

DD/S/BT/6/5/25 - 1] William Colmer the elder of Butleigh Wootton, yeoman 2] William Hodges of Butleigh, yeoman, grandson of William Colmer Assignment of four cottages, Ashemead brook (12a), Fishwell (3a) and 1/2a in Little Furlong in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, Date: 1715.

1b2) Thomas Colmer Chr. 14 Feb 1641 Butleigh [bur: 23 Nov 1735 Butleigh]

The Commoners list of 1672 places a Thomas Colmer next to Humphrey Colmer. In the churchwardens accounts blacksmith Thomas Colmer appear 1673-5, 81, 92 [ordered bells for the church], 98 and 1712 and 13 (latterly simply as cleaner of the bells). He wasn't a rate payer but mention of him occurs in the OOP accounts as follows: 1682 – a warrant was taken out for his removal. 1685 – another warrant against him, 1691 received Symcockes bequest money (for the poor), 1694 – relief for his sick wife, 1697 received 6d for his relief, 1703 - 8 received Symcockes money and sometimes also Rocke money. This bequest money was paid in all the years where it was itemised up to 1713.

1c) Humphrey Colmer Chr. 23 Sep 1604 Butleigh 'the elder' bur. 24 Mar 1672 Butleigh

DD/S/BT/6/9/11 - 1] Humphrey Colmer the elder of Butleigh, yeoman 2] James Weeks of Walton, yeoman Assignment of 2.5a in Mounshill, 1/2a at Petty Gaston and 3.5a in Whiteland in Butleigh [Tied together with DD/S/BT/6/9/12-15]. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT Date: 1667. Humphrey listed amongst the commoners in 1672.

1c1) Humphrey Colmer Chr. 4 Aug 1639 Butleigh died 1683

Humphrey was an Overseer of the poor in 1676 and 1677 and paid rates from 1673 – 1684. In 1685 he was called 'the Late Humphrey Colmer'. A Humphrey Colmer appearing in the churchwardens accounts in 1678 for killing a fox is probably this one – but see next.

DD/S/BT/4/5/26 - 1] James Webb, Ann Webb widow and Katherine Alleine of Bristol 2] Humphrey Colmer of Butleigh, yeoman Lease for lives of a messuage in East field and 2.5a ar, Butleigh. Rent 2s. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1679.

1c1A) Humphrey Colmer Chr. 28 Sep 1669 Butleigh bur. 6 Jan 1733 Butleigh

The marriage and baptisms of first two children fall in the PR gap 1677 – 1814. The Baltonsborough Humphrey si a different person/

Humphrey Colmer who was churchwarden in 1694 and who appears there 1691-1711 and Overseer of the poor in 1709 must be this one, the son. He was recorded as receiving payment for killing 1 polecat, 4 hedgehogs and 18 sparrows! He appears paying rates from 1686 – 1634. Daughter Mary married Charles Champion in Butleigh 24 Nov 1744 # The PR seems to read that Elizabeth was born and the mother, Mary, buried the same day. Some confusion – Humphrey must have re-married, also to a Mary, since the record below of 1741 refers to Mary widow of Humphrey Colmer. It is likely that two sons born in the PR gap were Humphrey and John

A Humphrey Colmer was one of the chief ratepayers involved in the court case at Bridgwater in 1731, against Messrs. Periam Kelway and Weekes. No rates were paid in 1734 and in 1743 the Overseers seem to have taken over his house. A Hannah who married Edward Abbott in Butleigh on 24 Jul 1746 may have been from this family #

NOTE: Possible that there are two Humphrys married to Marys here – in 1721 rates paid by both a Humphry Colmer senior and junior. In 1722 the latter is called Humphrey Colmer factor, and paid rates until 1726. The other (senior) Humphrey paid rates until 1729 (OOP) and 1734 (CW).

DD/S/BT/6/5/20-22 - yeomen, Thomas Samm of Butleigh, whitebaker, John James and James Chapman of Butleigh yeomen, Samuel Sweet of Butleigh carpenter, Humphrey Colmer and John Kelway of Butleigh, yeomen, Joan Difford of Butleigh, John Vagg of Butleigh, husbandman and Edmund Date: 1706.

DD/S/BT14/2/25 – has 1] Mary Colmer widow of Humphrey Colmer decd 2] Thomas Periam the younger of Butleigh, blacksmith Assignment of bakehouse converted to dwelling in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1741..

1c1Ai) John Colmer bur. 7 May 1744 Butleigh

A John Colmer started paying rates in 1730 – 32. He then no longer paid rates on that property but in 1743 a John started paying rates in succession to Thomas Colmer who presumably was deceased. [see below]. It must be this same John since he paid the rates until 1744 and then became 'the late John Colmer'. In 1744/5 the rates were paid by 'John Colmers children' and in 1745/6 they are called John and William Colmer. They paid the rates jointly until 1755 and from 1756 they were paid by William alone until 1772/3 when they were paid by Catherine Colmer until 1780. On 1 Jan 1780 Catherine Colmer Butleigh married Solomon Reynolds. In 1737 the OOP paid John for making two journeys. In 1740/1 the CW paid John Colmer his arrears of £5.

Ann may be the girl who married Clement Meaker in Butleigh on 26 Jan 1754.

DD/S/BT/12/1/7 - Copy will (1744) of John Colmer of Butleigh, yeoman, proved 1745. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1745.

DD/S/BT/8/7/20 - 1] Richard and Stephen Holman of Butleigh Wootton sons of Richard decd 2] Edward Talbot of Butleigh yeoman and John Stock of Butleigh tailor, executors of John Colmer decd 3] Ann Hodges of Butleigh Assignment of 3a in Southmoor, Henly (3a) and Darksham Date: 1746.

1c1Aii) Humphrey Colmer, cordwainer, bur. 30 Mar 1760 Butleigh

In 1750/1 the OOP paid Humphrey Colmer's house rent and did so until 1760 after which it was paid to Mary Colmer until 1768. In 1769 the rent was paid for Colmer's daughter. It was probably this Humphrey's house that was taken by the churchwardens and used as a poor house. At a vestry in 1764 the deeds to the house were locked into the church chest.

DD/S/BT/11/2/30 - 1] Humphrey Colmer of Butleigh, cordwainer and wife Mary daughter of William Talbott decd. DD/S/BT/11/2/31 refers to Humphry, cordwainer in 1738

The parents of Hannah were given as Humphrey and Hannah and at her burial just Hannah - ? No Baptism for Mary bur. 1751 and she may be an adult. The following burials my relate to this family too;

i) Ann bur. 19 Mar 1761 Butleigh

ii) Ann bur. 25 Jan 1765 Butleigh

iii) Jane bur. 16 May 1772 Butleigh

1c2) Elner Colmer Chr. 12 Apr 1659 Butleigh bur. 3 Apr 1732 Butleigh

Elner paid rates from 1677 – 1732 (when called 'late). No mention of senior or junior and appears to be one person. In 1731 the OOP paid rent on her house for James Armstrong.

2) Joanne Colmer Chr. 30 Mar 1674 Butleigh d.o. Joan Colmer

In the OOP accounts for 1675 mention is made of counsel being hired at Bridgwater sessions about an order concerning the 'bastard child born of the body of Joan Colmer'.

3) Mary ColmerOccurs in the OOP accounts of ratepayers just once in 1684. Nfi.

4) Elizabeth Colmer - the person who received beef in lieu of money from the Symcockes bequest in 1690 and 2 shillings in 1692.

5) Alce Colmer

Alce/Alice received Symcockes bequest money (for the poor) from 1700 – 1713 (and sometimes also money from the Rocke bequest).

6) Humphrey Colmer of Baltonsborough, bur. 8 Aug 1730 Butleigh

Humphrey seems to have married again after the death of his first wife and a marriage is recorded 8 Jun 1730 Baltonsborough – but the wife given as Jane Close (sic!) a clerical error at the time? A second Jane Colmer died 22 jan 1756 Baltonsborough.

7) William Colmer baker of Baltonsborough bur. 16 Mar 1730 Butleigh

Possibly the father of Humphrey above? The latter had a son called William who died two weeks before this William.

8) Ann Colmer Chr. 25 May 1721 Butleigh illegit. d.o. Ann Colmer, bur. 30 May 1721 Butleigh

10) Thomas Colmers sen bur. 17 Dec 1726 Butleigh [see 1b2]

In 1716 rent for James Armstrong was paid to a Thomas Colmer but this is probably the shoemaker and rate payer Thomas Colmer (from 1723 CW, 1724 OOP) 1725 (CW), 26 (CW, OOP) – 1733 (CW) [these could be of the Thomas next] when he was replaced by John Colmer [for late Thomas].

11) Mary Colmer [bur. 4 Oct 1777 Butleigh?] [several Mary Colmers – needs sorting!]

Mary Colmer received 3/- in sickness and a peck of wheat in June 1763. A further 3 pecks received in July. (OOP) and then assistance virtually monthly [several times identified as 'single woman'] until September 1765 when possibly two Mary Colmers received assistance. In Jan 1766 Mary Colmer Far/Fac or Mary Fac Colmer is distinguished from just Mary.[single woman] – one mention in March 1766 of Mary Colmer and child a ½ bush. of wheat then nothing more until Dec 1766. In 1767 Mary received more assistance in cash and wheat – and rent to Samuel Sweet, her landlord. In June 1768 the sexton was paid for burying Mary Colmer and the OOP paid for her coffin and shroud [the widow – of Humphrey Colmer above?], however in the same month the OOP paid for her and her child in the smallpox. In Feb 1785 Agnes received 3/- in her distress and other similar payments thereafter up to her death. The OOP paid for her burial and coffin in July 1788.

        2) Ann Chr. 8 Dec 1779 Butleigh (BB d.o. Mary)

There are several possibilities - child (1) could be the offspring of the widow Mary, or of the Mary who died in 1771. In March 1780 Mary was examined by the Justice George Martin Esq and later that month William Roley declared the father and ordered to pay bastardy pay. In March 1781 Mary was taken to East Pennard to be examined by the justices. They married on 8 May 1781 Butleigh and the costs were borne by the OOP.

Mary Colmer was paid by the OOP in April 1780 for cleaning and washing Eliz Davis bed linen. A child of Mary Colmer was buried in July 1780 and the grave dug by Edward Rowley – the OOP paid for the coffin.

12) Mary Fack Colmer [Mary Fack bur. 29 Jan 1772 Butleigh]

Mary appears receiving 1/- in her distress from the OOP in Jan 1763. In Jan 1766 she reappears receiving OOP assistance [at the same time as a Mary Colmersingle woman]. Her name appears regularly receiving assistance until her death. In April 1771 she received 4/- from the OOP 'for her child'. The father may have been John Look since in May 1771 she received 4/- from the OOP on the latter's account. Her landlord was George Periam (see June 1771 OOP). In March 1772 a coat and 2 caps were made for 'Fac's child' – she was cared for by Betty Grant. William Sweet was paid for making her a new turn in April 1772. An Ann Colmer was apprenticed to James Grenville Esq in 1772 under the 'John Rocke scheme' and this may have been Mary Fack's child.

13) Jane [Fack] Colmer Pauper, bur. 22 Jan 1804 Butleigh [Jane Fack Colmer]

Jane Fack Colmer had an illegitimate child fathered by John Jonessee March 1774 OOP. She received 9/- by order of justices in Jan 1774. She received regular bastardy payments, sometime as just Jane Colmer or Jane Fack, from then on. The OOP paid for the coffin of her child in Oct 1785. Jane's house rent was allowed in 1795 - 97 (OOP) – coupled with Hester Strode. In April 1787 the OOP paid £1 assistance to a William J. Fack – not known if this is the father of Jane and Mary or one of their children. In June 1788 the Overseer journeyed to Wells 'to appear against Jane Colmer's warrant'. In June 1797 the overseers paid for her bed to be carried to Glastonbury and for a bed mat. In August 1797 Benjamin Hill was paid for a horse and cart 'to bring her things home'. Eliz Callow paid in Dec 1797 for attending Jane. She continued to receive relief until her death when the OOP paid for her burial and four men to carry her to church.

A Jane Colmer had an illegitimate child in Baltonsborough – James Chr. 21 Jun 1789.

Colston

1) Dr. Colston Somerton

A Dr. Colston treated Richard Higgins in Feb 1821 (OOP).

2) Hungerford Colston [see 'Picture Gallery' Colston Monument] s.o. Rev. William Hungerford Colston rector of West Lydford

In Butleigh Wood is a granite monument which commemmorates the life and death of this young man. As reported in the Northampton Mercury of Saturday 6 November 1852 'A most distressing accident occurred on Saturday last, Oct 30 in the Dean of Windsor's woods at Butleigh, in Somersetshire. A party of gentlemen were shooting there on that day with Mr. Neville, among whom were Mr. Hungerford Colston of Lydford and Mr. Tudway of Wells. A woodcock had just fallen in a thicket, for which these two gentlemen were searching, when the gun of the latter, from some unknown cause, went off and lodged its contents in Mr. Colston's knee. He was carried home to Lydford with as little delay as possible and upon examination it was found that the bone had been so badly shattered that the three medical gentlemen, Messrs. Miller, Malton and Valentine, who had been summoned, decided unanimously that no time should be lost in taking off the leg. This operation was all but completed, when, we regret to say, Mr. Colston sank under it from exhaustion at half past 12 o'clock the same night.

Rev. W. F. Neville of Butleigh married Georgiana Sophia, the only surviving child of William Hungerford Colston to Thomas Tutton Knyfton Esq of Uphill on 12 Jul 1855 at Lydford. Georgiana had the obelisk memorial to her deceased brother set up in Butleigh Wood – see under Picture Gallery.

Colverwell

Possibly Colnorwell/Culverwell

1) Richard Colverwell

Variants on Culverwell/Culverwill seem fairly common in west Somerset in the 17th/18th century.

Combs

[see Coombes]

Conant

1) Ada Blanche Conant b. 1882 (Mar Q 5b/30 Honiton) Sidmouth, Devon, cook 01-145

Ada worked at the Cottage Hospital in 1901 as cook. She married in 1912 (Sep Q 5b/45 Huish, Devon) - nfi

Conduit

1) Samuel Conduit of Butleigh – married Baltonsborough 23 May 1791 Jane Creed

A Samuel Conduitt was Chr. 1 Oct 1752 in Mark, s.o. Sam and Hannah Conduitt

2) Amy Francis Conduit b. 1891 South Petherton, d.o. William John and Elizabeth Charlotte Conduit PHOTO

Amy played a part in the Butleigh Revel in 1906. In 1919 (Jun Q 5c/1107) she married Walter Close. In 1901/1911 they had lived at Mill Street Baltonsborough. She had a sister, Constance Minnie. The person in the photograph looks more like her mother than Amy.

Connock

[Cornick]

1) Jonah [Jonathan] Connock b. 1778 Coat, Som., farmer, bur. 17 May 1851 (Jun Q 10/375 Wells) Butleigh 41-8, 51-31

In April 1808 Jonah was paid 13 guineas bounty money for serving in the First Somerset Militia. Probably the Jonathan Connick who supplied room for the turf to be stored in March 1819 (OOP) – same as Jona Conick who performed the same function in Feb 1820. Jonathan paid for 'standing of the turnpike' in April 1823. He was paid for standing the turf in April 1824. He was paid again for unloading and standing the turf in Sep 1826. Jona Connoc was paid for making a turf rick in Sep 1827. I Nov 1835 the OOP paid Jonah for cider when Uriah Williams cleaned the well at Sealy's Row.

Jonah paid rates in 1819/20. (OOP) and again in 1827. From 1822 he also was the occupier on land owned by David Jerviss and also Whiteland, owned by Mary Scott (now May).. In 1841 Jonah Connock and his wife Rebecca lived with their sons James and John in Sycamore cottage in Water Lane. Rebecca died in 1848. Their son James married and became a road constructor living in the High Street. In 1851 Jonah Connock (73) farmer of 31 acres (and butcher) lived with his son John (33), son's wife Maria (31) and their daughter Mary (4 months). Jonah died a few weeks after the census in 1851. John moved to Pilton, from where his wife had originated but was widowed by 1860.

1a) James Connock Chr. 4 Nov 1810 Butleigh (in PR s.o. Jonathan & Rebecca Cornick), Road Contractor, bur. 14 Nov 1896 (Dec Q 5c/326 Wells) Butleigh 41-8, 51-32, 61-62, 71-78, 81-99 (Ganes), 91-127

Caroline Gilbert and her brother had lived in Butleigh in 1841. After their marriage in 1842 James moved to Silver Street where he and his wife had two children by 1851. They then moved to Folley Cottage (Wood Lane) by 1861 where James farmed 12 acres. Sarah had left home and appears in Othery in 1861 as housekeeper - to Alfred Gotfry at Stride farm. The Western Gazette 18 June 1864 reports a case of James and his wife assaulting Henry Hoddinott over a dispute concerning grazing rights of James' cattle. Hoddinott thought they were trespassing on his land and damaging the river bank and tried to impound them and was then attacked by first Caroline then her husband - the court decided it was a civil matter, not a criminal one.

James's wife Caroline died in 1867 and in 1871 James was living in a 'Private House' [Folley Cottage?], Wood lane, with his two children, Sarah having returned home. In Morris' Directory of 1872 James listed as farmer and son Joseph as a butcher. In 1881 and 1891 he lived there alone and died in 1896. Meanwhile his two children had set up house together in Oddway.

In 1881 Joseph Connock (33) was a butcher and his sister Sarah (37) was his housekeeper. They remained in Oddway together in 1901 and 1911 latterly described as farmer and assistant. Sarah Connock died in 1914 (Sep Q 5c/473 Wells) aged 71 and was bur. 20 Aug Butleigh. Joseph was bur. 28 Sep 1918 (Sep Q 5c/478 Wells) Butleigh.

In March 1881 a case came to court involving Joseph and Henry Harvey of Barton St. David, an engineer, accused of assaulting Joseph. Harvey had a gun at the confrontation which was about a horse on Connock's land. Harvey claimed Connock had a knife and the two came to repeated blows. Witnesses were Job Callow, William Culling, Joseph Otton Tom Look and Emily Ann Harvey. They were both fined £1. The Western Gazette reported 24th June 1887 another case where Connock assaulted Henry Reynolds a plasterer of Butleigh. On the 10th June night Reynolds found Connock and the latter's man beating Reynolds mule. Connock, it was alleged, on Reynolds coming up, swore at the latter, and struck him across the head and shoulders with a stick, For the defence it was alleged that Reynold's mule was vicious and had kicked Connock severely and it was further alleged that Samuel Reynolds [Henry's son] struck Connock two or three times. Connock was fined 2s 6d and 6s costs. Mr. J. Connock of Butleigh selling 6 in-calf heifers in Western Gazette 10 Aug 1917. He was deceased by 17 Oct 1918 when his stock, furniture and effects were sold by Tanners – Western Gazette 4 Oct 1918.

1b) John Connock Chr. 15 Feb 1818 Butleigh, farmer, d. 1911 (Sep Q 5c/562 Wells) 41-8, 51-31

John lived with his father and after his marriage, his wife joined him there. In 1851 his son William was staying with his grandfather William Somers in Pilton. After his father's death and then after John's wife died, in 1859, John moved (by 1861) to his father-in-law's house in Shepton Mallet, as a carpenter. John had with him his five children.

By 1871 John was living with Mary (b. '1825 Wells') and they had a daughter Henrietta (4). John's age varied on the censuses as did that of his wife. This second 'wife' was actually Mary Oatley who he only married in 1873. They appeared together in 1881 and Henrietta was by then a servant working at 12, Broad Street, Wells. In 1891 the couple lived in 76b Southover, Wells and were still there in 1901 together with Henrietta, who was deaf. John died in 1911 aged 93. On Henrietta's birth certificate no father is named, but she adopted the surname Connock when she married 36 year old Fred Rodway at Wells Registry Office on 2 Oct 1904.

Mary [Cornick] served in 1871 at 27, New Street, St. Cuthbert, Wells. She married George Sparkes (b. 1852 Glastonbury) in 1873 (Jun Q 5c/1043 Wells) and they lived in Bathford (1881), Westbury on Trym (1891) and Bristol (1901). In 1911 they were at 8, Victoria Rd., Westbury Park, Bristol with two adult daughters. Elizabeth was a housemaid in Yatton in 1871. She married Arthur Coles in 1873 (Jun Q 5c/1044 Wells) and they lived at Butcombe and went on to have eleven children. Rebecca was also a servant - at 10, Market Place, Wells, the home of Thomas Phillips, cabinet maker and photographer in 1871 but she died in 1872 aged only 19. William in 1881 was a carpenter married to Emma (b. 1847 Bruton) and lived at Walnut Cottage, Pilton with their five children and his brother Albert. The latter, by 1891, was married to Sarah (b. 1859 Pilton) and they lived in Gable House, Pilton with their two children. In 1901 Albert lived with Sarah and four children at Gable Villa, Pilton. On the 1891 census, still in Pilton, William Somers was given pob Butleigh.

In 1911 John aged 93 lived at 76, Southover Wells with his wife Mary (66).

2) Samuel Connock Chr. 25 May 1802 Butleigh, wheelwright, s.o. Samuel and Jane Connock, died 1858 (Mar Q 5c/491 Shepton Mallet)

Samuel and Martha lived at Kilverstreet Hill, Shepton Mallet in 1851 with their three children and a granddaughter. In 1861 the widowed Martha lived in Prospect Place, Shepton Mallet together with her daughter Jane who had married the Butleigh born William Andrews in 1860 (Sep Q 5c/881 Shepton Mallet). #

Connor

1) Lilian (Lily) Connor b. 17 Mar 1910, d. 21 Jul 1990 (Jul 23/1086/790 Mendip) Butleigh

Constantine

1) James Constantine b. 1862 Sunderland, Durham, labourer 01-140

This couple lived in 4 rooms on Butleigh Hill (Hoods Cottages) in 1901. Nfi unless James was from Bishop Wearmouth (agricultural labourer at Ryhope in 1881). In 1911 they lived at Picton cottages, Yarm Stokesley, Yorks. They never had children.

Conway

1) John Conway of Wells – Town Clerk of Glastonbury from August 1786

Mr. Conway's fees were paid by the OOP in October 1811, Oct 1812, Oct 1813. In Jan 1814 he was paid for drawing John Pittard's examination, order and oath.

DD\SAS\C/795/SE/7 Glastonbury Town Clerk Case for the opinion of counsel on the election of town clerk, mentioning Mr.Conway, former clerk, and candidates Mr.Reeves and Mr.Prat [6 ff] 1813

Cook

Cook and Look can be easily confused in PR's and on censuses. There is considerable unravelling to take place before the genealogy below can be considered in any way reliable. The rate-paying record, Wills and other documents should greatly assist in this.

A) Elizabeth Cooke mentioned in the will of Edith Burdome in 1571.

B) John Cooke mentioned in the will of Johan Gregory 1550

C) William Cooke mentioned in the will of Johan Gregory 1550

1) Isabella Cooke bur. 5 May 1583 Butleigh

2) Humphrey Cook younger bur 22 Aug 1619 Butleigh

3) Thomas Cooke bur. 27 Dec 1598 Butleigh (Dwelly's PR)

Thomas Coke paid £3 3s on the 1581 subsidy Roll. [SRS Vol.88] Alice married Butleigh 16 Jul 1612 John Joyce. # An uncertain girl (Margaret?) married 13 Feb 1618 – Maurice Waltond?. Margaret was in receipt of Poor relief from 1606 – 1614. Another Margaret Cooke appears on the list of commoners in 1672 (6). Thomas Cook witnessed the will of Simon Bordome in 1569 and John Spurryer in 1571.

4) Thomas Cook [surname uncertain]

5) George Cooke bur. 17 Aug 1662 Butleigh

6) Margaret Cooke died 1689

Margaret appears in the commoners list of 1672 and was an overseers of the poor in 1675. She appears paying rates from 1673-89 and in 1690 was 'the late Margaret'. Her tenement was rented out up to 1695 then seems to have been acquired by Stephen Slade or John Tagwell.

7) John Cook d. 1678/82

John paid rates from 1674 until 1678. Several pages are missing or torn but from 1683 his property is listed as 'lands late John Cooke'. In fact his name was Henry Gregory and he appears in the OOP accounts as 'alias John Cooke'. See under Gregory.

8) Thomas Cooke died 1685?

Thomas was churchwarden in 1680 and Overseer of the Poor in 1683. Thomas appeared on the list of commoners in 1672. He appears in the accounts 1673-1683 – he supplied bellropes to the church. In 1683 he was paid by the OOP for caring for Dorithy Browning – another payment was made in 1684/5. Mary appears as neighbour of a Thomas Cooke paying rates in 1686 and thereafter (or very close by) until 1713, in 1790 she is first referred to as widow. There was no Cooke successor to her property in 1716/17. The Mary who appears jointly with a Thomas and then Thomas and John is a different generation. It would seem from this that her husband probably passed away in 1685 and that the other Thomas was her son. Unravelling the Thomas Cookes is a problem. A Thomas Cooke was also paying rates on South Moor Grounds from 1673 and may have been a different person, especially since his name often occurs twice paying rates there. In 1682 a second Thomas Cooke appeared paying rates in Butleigh (or this Thomas paying two lots of rates?).

DD/S/BT/4/5/20 - 1] John Webb 2] Thomas Cooke of Butleigh Wootton, yeoman Lease for lives of a messuage and 1a in Butleigh, 2a in Eastmead, 4a in closes by house, 6a in East field and Moorhills (5a) lately inclosed. Rent 11s 5d.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH Date range: 1669-1670.

8a?) Thomas Cook Chr. 18 Jan 1666 Butleigh bur. 24 Aug 1732 Butleigh senr

A Thomas Cooke was overseer of the poor 'for his mother's estate' in 1722 (possibly the son)

[see also X next for Thomas sequences] If the above Thomas was the father of this one and died c. 1685 then it was this Thomas who paid rates in Butleigh after 1685 (into the 1730's), was church warden in 1703 (and paid for killing four hedgehogs the previous year). From 1687, after a few years of a single Thomas Cooke paying rates in South Moor there were two again. In 1699 an (X) appears next to Thomas' name and only one Thomas paid rates in South Moor. In 1702 we have Thomas (X), plus Thomas & Rebecca in Butleigh and Thomas in South Moor. In 1703, the year Thomas was churchwarden, we have Thomas (X) and Rebecca (alone) in Butleigh and Thomas in SM. In 1704 it was as in 1702 and remains that way until 1708 when the Thomas in SM paid rates jointly with Rebecca. In 1709 to 1711 only Rebecca's name given as ratepayer in SM and in 1711 the Thomas Cook (X – alone) in Butleigh disappears leaving just the joint Thomas & Rebecca. A second Thomas appears in Butleigh next to Thomas & Rebecca and this may be their son – the Thomas junior who takes over South Moor when Rebecca dies?

In 1732 a Mary called alias Browning [a John Browning was replaced as ratepayer in 1711 by a Mary Browning who paid rates until 1732 – joined by a Thomas Browning 1728-32 – link?]

NOTE In the Will of John Periam of Milverton buried 26 Sep 1711 the following is mentioned: [£10 to Poor of Milverton as his wife directs] and the like sum of ten pound unto the poor people of Butley and Wootton to be given and distrubeted amongst such of them as my brother [James] shall direct within one week next after my internment. [to daughters Mary , Sarah and Betty Periam two thousand pounds each ( a huge sum) on reaching the age of twenty – from his farm called Hill Farm and lands – should they died the £6,000 to go to his sons John and Zacharia] - To his son John the farm and messuage called Syndercombe Farm and a Mill, dwelling house and meadow at Clatworthy lands.and his manor at Lydeard at Bishops Lydeard.... to my son Zacharia messuages lying at Pawlett and Stretshill now in the possession of James Squire and tenement called White Ball .. and lands in Milverton and Sandford Arundell.. for 99 years [all the children seem unmarried] … to his wife as long as she remain unmarried.. his mansion house and lands at Lowneshay and Kingsham.. tenements at Cotelhurston purchased from Lord Stawell. To my brother ten pounds which he owes me and ten guineas besides and unto his said son John £20 at 16 and his other children £5 apiece at 16.and whereas there is due and owing unto me by Mortgage of Lands in Butley Parish aforesaid from Thomas Cooke of Wootton aforesaid, my brother-in-law (a lowd base fellow) the sum of two hundred pounds principall money and above £50 for the interest thereof . I doe hereby give and bequeath unto my said brother James Periam and to his son James Periam the said sum of £200 ….the whole interest remaining thereof now due to the use of Rebecca my sister and wife of the said Cooke to be raised by sale or mortgage of the mortgaged lands the interest thereof I give unto my said sister during her life the same to be so paid to her as her said husband may have no share or benefit thereby and after her death the said one hundred pounds and the whole interest of the said two hundred pounds now due I doe gie unto the children of my sister Rebecca to be paid unto them share and share alike within one year after my said sisters death. And as to fifty pounds more of the said two hundred pounds my will is my said brother James and the said James Periam his son shall put out the same att interest and the interest thereof shall pay yearly unto my sister Agnes during her life. … £50 residue of the £200 unto my nephew John son of my brother James at 18. To James Periam my kinsman and sometime servant £20 - I give unto my ever honoured master John Sanford and to his Lady , my said trustees, unto my mother-in-law and unto my uncle Gardner and to my esteemed friend Mr. John Gardner at Barr each a mourning ring value of a guinea.......

X) Cook rate paying record

In 1701 there was a Thomas Cooke paying rates in Butleigh and one paying rates on South Moor Grounds. In 1702 the Thomas still paid rates on South Moor but in Butleigh a Thomas Cook has an X by his name (seems to indicate he paid rates but didn't live in Butleigh) and immediately adjoining a Thomas and Rebecca paid rates together. In 1708 the Southmoor Grounds rates are paid by Thomas and Rebecca together though in 1709 paid by Rebecca alone [Thomas and Thomas + Rebecca paying rates in Butleigh]. This situation continued in 1710 but in 1711 the Thomas (X) disappears from Butleigh and the X is by the name of Thomas and Rebecca there, Rebecca still paying rates too in South Moor. In 1712-15 this situation continues [though next the Thomas & Rebecca in Butleigh appears Thomas Cooke or occupiers']. In 1716 Thomas Cooke is next to Thos. & Rebecca but in 1717 the Thomas (alone) disappears. In 1718 it is Thomas John and Mary Cooke next to Thomas & Rebecca. Rebecca cook remains paying rates in South Moor until 1628 when, in 1629 she is replace by a Thomas Cooke junior. In 1730 in Butleigh the following appear as neighbours; Thomas Cooke/John Cooke/Mary Cooke/Emanuel Cook/James Cooke/ plus a property rated jointly by John, James & Emanuel Cook.

Thomas paid rates in Butleigh 1731-2 and in South Moor 1731 - 64 . In 1744/5 a Thomas began paying rates in Butleigh until 1759 [sometimes appears with James Gregory until 61 – then Henry Gregory pays rates -late called alias John Cook!] – in 1764 Thomas pays rates on part of Mr. Periams alongside a John Cook until 1770/1 when John is moved next to the Gregorys and a John Cook (alias Henry Gregory) – probably the same person [properties listed Periams Eastend, White Field and other lands]. In 1777 a Thomas Cook is replaced by John Cook (for his late father – one year only) and a Thomas Cook junior takes 'part of Kelways'. Mary paid rates 1731-2. John paid rates 1731-4 (last CW) alone but jointly with Emanuel from 1731 - 1757/8 . Emanuel paid rates 1731 – both individually and jointly with John (and James up to 1743) to 1757/8 then alone.

In 1778 the ratepayers are in alphabetical order and there are: Thomas Cook for half Brownings [until 1779/80 when it goes to 'junior'? 2 Thomas again after 1781], Thomas Cook junior for 'part Kelways' and Periams Eastend, from 1779/80 plus ' half Brownings' -1790 when Periams is crossed out then dropped. In 1791 it becomes 'Thomas Cook or occupiers' but in 1792 reverts to Thomas Cook but now in addition to his main property [Brownings] and 'late Kelways' he has 'the common'. In 1803 'the common' is also called 'Mr. Wm Rocke' and then from 1803/4 is not listed and that year is also the last time Thomas' name is listed at all. [for both Brownings and Kelways]. In 1806 - 10 appears variously 'Mrs. Jane Cook late Thomas for Kerlway'. In 1811 ditto but occipier John Penney.

20) Jane Cook married Butleigh 2 Jan 1740 Timothy Tillot

8a1?) Thomas Cook bur. 25 Sep 1777 Butleigh

Mary was the daughter of Henry Gregory, butcher, who paid the rate from 1759. or in the name of son John Cook. The list of commoners houses to serve in rotation as Tythingmen for 1779 lists 'Thomas Cookes for Samsons' (but see (23)) and Emanuel for Mr. Rocke. Henry Gregory called himself John Cook (alias) 1674-83 and James Gregory paid rates with Thomas Cook in 1760-62.

Cannon mentions that Thomas Cook and wife were Catholics and a Jesuit, Mr. Cornford gave a sermon at an assembly at their house on 13th May 1739 [Money p. 477] – Cannon made a copy of a manuscript giving a summary account of the 'Romish Faith' as supplied by Cornford – in Cannon's words “to show their absurdities, superstition & blind zeal..”.

DD/S/BT/10/6/1 - 1] Henry Gregory of Butleigh, butcher, Thomas Cooke of Butleigh, yeoman and wife Mary [Gregory] and son John 2] John Curtis of Butleigh, yeoman Lease for 80 years of 1/2a at Sower Down, Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1770.

8a2) John Cook

There may be several Johns involved here, or one John with several marriages, probably the former. A John Cooke was churchwarden in 1720-21.

8a3) James Cook bur. 30 Jul 1743 Butleigh

James paid rates from 1730 both individually and jointly with John and Emanuel until 1743.

DD/S/BT/7/4/2 - 1] William Gregory of Butleigh, husbandman 2] James and Emmanuel Cooke of Butleigh, husbandmen sons of Thomas 3] John Kellway the younger Assignment of Frames Croft (5a) and Littlefield (5a) in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT Date range: 1726-1727. DD/S/BT/7/4/6 - 1] Henry Talbot of Butleigh Wootton, yeoman and wife Sarah sister of John Kelway the younger decd 2] Joseph Periam of Butleigh, yeoman, executor of Mary Cooke and administrator of James Cooke 2] Thomas Periam of Butleigh, husbandman Assignment of Frames Date: 1744.

8a31) James Cook b. 1736, bur. 21 Feb 1828 Butleigh [s.o. James and Joan Cook?] aged 92

[See above for earlier rate record] Mary Cook paid rates for Park Yeat -1790 when she is 'or occupiers' and in 1791 it goes to John), John Cook for Whitefield and Common, and from 1791 also Park Yeats but in 1792 'the common' goes to Thomas and John left with just Park Yeats. In 1801 - 1803/4 his porperty was 'occupier John Tucker' then John's name disappears from the record. A James Cook received assistance from the OOP in August 1769 (this James?).

Emanuel Cook paid rates until 1780 when James and John pay rates for late Emanuel [8a4]. From 1782 just James paid until 1826.

A Hester Cook widow received assistance from the OOP from May 1776 – Oct 1776 but may be a mistake for Hester Callow widow.

8a31A) James Cook b. 1768, bur. 6 Jun 1833 Butleigh

James Cook junior received 1 guinea (£1 1s) to pay the doctor from the OOP in April 1800. In Jan 1801 the OOP started paying assistance to James, and his children.

Ann was the widowed mother of Rebecca Arthur with whom she lived in 1851 in Perriams Cottage, High Street, Butleigh. She died in 1851. In 1841 she seems to have been living alone in South Brent. Mary probably married John Blacker in Butleigh on 17 Feb 1808 but a Mary Cook was bur. 6 Mar 1790 Butleigh (?) #

John Cook farmed 172 acres at Hardings Lane, Banwell in 1861 and lived with his wife Sophia (b. 1800 Winscombe), daughter Mary. A. Brown and her son John Cook Brown.

8a31Ai) Emmanuel Cook Chr. 11 Nov 1791 Butleigh, formerly butcher, s.o. James and Ann Cook, died 1866 (Dec Q 5c/391 Axbridge)

Emmanuel and his wife lived in Banwell and first appeared in 1841 in West Street, and then again in 1851. A visitor was Alfred Hacker (8) from Banwell. The widowed Emmanuel and Alfred, now a journeyman carpenter, were still both together in 1861.

8a31aii) Stephen Cook Chr. 16 Jun 1800 Butleigh, mason, s.o. James and Ann, bur. 3 Oct 1876 (Sep Q 5c/349 Wells) Butleigh 41-3, 51-36

It is possible that the Mary Cook who died on 10 Nov 1821 together with her 6 month old son James was a first wife of Stephen. No marriage found. In July Stephen Cooks family were ill and received 11/- from the OOP.

Living in Quarry Lane in 1841-1851 Stephen, a mason, and his wife Mary were Butleigh born and had all their children there. Their daughter Ann then may have married though several died in the 1850's. Eleanor married George Higgins in Butleigh on 10 Dec 1854 (Dec Q 5c/1011 Wells). # Emanuel disappeared.

Stephen and Mary were in Shentons Elm, Street (with children James and Sarah) in 1861 and Mary his wife died there in 1869. Stephen was still there with daughter Sarah in 1871 but he died in 1876.

Mary was a servant on a farm in Gollick, Clayhidon, Devon in 1861 and servant on a farm in Compton Dundon in 1871. She seems to have married Robert Edwards in 1875 (Dec Q 5c/655 Langport) and they lived in Compton Dundon. Sarah - nfi. James, a stonecutter, was lodging in Dumb Lane, Butleigh with William Higgins in 1851 but lived in Street with his parent in 1861. In 1871 he was living in Street with Sarah J. White (b. 1833 Ashcott) who he had married in 1867 (Mar Q 5/837 Wells). She was given pob Butleigh in 1871. James disappeared and may have died in 1876. Sarah Cook lived on as a widow in Street.

8a4) Emanuel Cook d. 12 Jun 1780 Butleigh

Emanuel Cook son of Thomasappeared in the churchwarden's accounts in 1711 (paid for killing a polecat). Churchwarden in 1748. Emanuel paid rates 1730 – both individually and jointly with John (and James up to 1743) up to 1757/8 then alone until 1780 when James and John pay rates for 'late Emanuel,from 1782 just James paid (-1828+). In 1779 Emanuel 'for Mr. Rocke' appeared on the rotation list of commoners houses to serve as Tythingman, and an Emanuel also for Chapmans.

9) Grace Cookereceived a years relief and a change of clothes 1701 (OOP)

11) John Cook

12) John Cook bur. 27 Oct 1757 Butleigh

13) James Cook bur. 4 Dec 1763 Butleigh

14) Sarah Cook bur. 5 Jul 1769 Butleigh

Sarah received assistance from the OOP in July 1769 in her distress.

16) John Cook bur. 5 Oct 1788 Butleigh

Could be one of the above Johns – see 8a2, 11

DD\BR\ho/10 Cook Jn. Probate will, of Butleigh Wootton, yeo., 1788.

17) Mary Cook bur. 6 Mar 1790 Butleigh

18) Ann Cook bur. 29 May 1791 Butleigh

19) Anne bur. 10 Feb 1808 Butleigh

20) Mary Cook b. 1798 bur. 10 Nov 1821 Butleigh, aged 23, mother of next?

A baptism Anne Chr. 29 May 1803 Butleigh d.o. John and Mary Cook may be this Mary and the John below but there is also a John and Mary Look that seem to fit the bill. The entry in the PR does resemble Cook more than Look.

21) James Cook bur. 10 Nov 1821 Butleigh aged 6 months

22) John Cook b. 1756 bur 9 Nov 1827 Butleigh

In July 1817 a John Cook was sent by the OOP to Wells 'after Mr. Lang'. In Jan 1836 a John Cook was paid by the OOP for a new oven.

23) William Cooke, bur. 10 Mar 1764 Butleigh?

A warrant was taken out against William in 1739. A William [as youth] killed 35 dozen sparrows in 1745, with Edward Cook for which they received 5s 10d from the CW. The PR baptisms says at the baptizms if John and Rebecca that Betty was 'buried the same day' [must mean birth day?]. Rebecca Cook married Stephen Combes in Butleigh on 11 Aug 1789. # A Thomas Cook mentioned in Aug 1788 when the OOP paid him for Hockey's house rent.

DD/S/BT/6/7/6 1] William Eades of Butleigh, yeoman, and wife Mary [Callow] and Thomas Cooke aged 16 2] William Holman of Butleigh, yeoman Partition of an estate by assignment of a house, High Croft (4a), Breach (20a), Heal (16a) and Wheatland (3.5a) to William and Mary and Samson's house and 2a, new house and 2 3/4a, 6a in Harepitts furlong, 4-a close of arable, 5.5a meadow at Eastend, 8a mortgaged meadow, Kelways house and 2a, and Park Gate, Butleigh to the use of Thomas Cooke Date: 1773.

24) Betty Cook b. 1771 Som., died 1849 (Jun Q 10/364 Wells), bur. 21 Apr Butleigh 41-6

Betty lived in Butleigh High Street in 1841 with William Green and family as lodgers. Nfi

25) William Cook Chr. 20 Jul 1828 Lovington, under gardener, s.o. Samuel and Fanny Cook, bur. 29 May 1901 Chilton Polden (abode Martock) 71W-86, 81W-106

William appears on the 1851 census in Lovington with his parents. His sister Amelia Ann [b. 22 Dec 1822 St. Thomas a Beckett, Lovington ] also appears with them on the 1841 census and she married John Periam of Butleigh in Lovington on 7 Feb 1842 (Mar Q 10/813 Wincanton).#. William married Elizabeth Stride in 1852 and seems to have re-married her in 1859!

William and Elizabeth lived in Butleigh Wootton from c. 1868 to sometime after 1881. They arrived there from Lovington where they had lived in 1871 with their two eldest children. Fanny died in 1872 (Sep Q 5c/345 Wells) aged 4. Emily married plumber William Walter (b. 1859 Glastonbury, s.o. James Walter) in Butleigh on 27 Dec 1881 (Dec Q 5c/917 Wells) and they lived at 22 Magdalene Street, Glastonbury in 1891 with their two daughters.

William and Elizabeth had moved to 'Farm Cottage', Goose Lane, Chilton upon Polden by 1891 and lived with their daughter Louisa and her journeyman baker husband Clement Brooks (b. 1866 Keinton Mandeville). They had married in 1891 (Mar Q 5c/559 Bridgwater). In 1901 William, now widowed, lived with Louisa and Clement Brooks in Water Street, Martock. In 1911 Louise and Clement Brooks lived at Martock with their only child William Francis (19) an engineer's apprentice.

Samuel became a footman in Westminster, London in 1881 and by 1891 was living at 85 Cheston Rd., Fulham with wife Frances and two children. By 1901 they lived at 79, Barchester Street, Bromley with six children.

26) Ann Cook b. 1866 Lydford 81-94

Ann was a servant in the house of the bailiff George Duffill in Compton Street, in 1881. Nfi

27) Berkeley William Joseph Cook b. 1885 (Jun Q 5c/383 Langport) Keinton Mandeville, carter of, s.o. George and Matilda Cook, d. 1920 (Dec Q 5c/397 Langport)

After her husband's death at age 35 Mary moved to Kent. Berkeley doesn't seem to have married. It was probably Mary who placed an advert in the situations wanted section of the Western Morning News 2 Mar 1922 – 'Maid-housekeeper or maid-attendant for elderly or invalid lady – or any place of trust – Cook, Keepers Lodge Butleigh.

Cooling

(see under Cullen)

Coombs

[Combes/Coombes]

Unravelling the Coombes genealogy requires access to the Compton Dundon Prs and Wills

1) John Coombe

John Coombs the younger of Compton Dundon possibly pre-deceased John Combe the elder who was still alive in 1701. See references below. Two Catherine's? Confusion between Katherine of Compton and Catherine of Butleigh?

Compton Dundon churchyard had tomb to Anne, wife of John Coome bur. 2 Jul 1667. See below for a Joan Coomb wife of John Coomb of Compton Dundon.

[On the South wall of St. Andrews church, Compton Dundon is an inscription concerning the death of Katherine Coombes aged 29, d.o. John and Katherine Coombes who died 23rd Feb 1729. Also an inscription for Stephen Coombes who died aged 40 on 21st Oct 1733.]

DD/S/BT 5/1/14 1] Ann Champion of Butleigh Wootton, John Coombe the younger of Compton Dundon, yeoman 2] John Lymbery of Compton Dundon, yeoman, James Chapman of Butleigh, yeoman John Meade of Street, yeoman Settlement of Chambers house and lands in Butleigh Wootton Date: 1690.

DD/S/BT/4/4/5-6 1] John Coombe the younger of Compton Dundon, yeoman 2] William Roe the elder and William the younger of Butleigh, yeomen Assignment of Peckham lease (1562) of Chambers house at Wootton and lands in trust for the marriage of John Coombs and Katherine Roe . Date: 1693.

C 5/106/51 Short title: Pope v Combe. Plaintiffs: John Pope and others. Defendants: John Combe. Subject: property in Butleigh, Somerset. Document type: bill, answer. 1693

DD/S/BT/4/4/7 Certificate of probate in the prebend of Compton Dundon for Catherine Coombe of Compton Dundon decd.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1700.

DD/S/BT/25/1/4 Combe the elder v. Catle concerning a horse taken from Sedgemoor in Compton Dundon. 1701

1a) John Coombe died 1724? 1738 or before 1762? [three Johns?]

A 'John Combe' was a ratepayer from 1681 – 1783. The rates were paid as neighbour of the Periams 1681-1701 but from 1702 onwards as neighbour of the Roods or Lymbrys. This possibly represents father and son with the former being the John of Compton Dundon (?) and the probable father this John who fathered William. The picture isn't clear because in 1725 John Coombe was replaced by Katherine Coombe as ratepayer and then in 1726 reverted to a John Coombe. In 1729 Katherine was joint ratepayer with John Lymbry. Katherine was the sister of John son of John Coombe of Compton. [see documents below] – Compton records need consulting to sort this out. From 1730 a John started paying rates on a property in succession to the late Susanna Roe (wife of Catherine's brother). A John Coombs was Churchwarden in 1735/6 and went with John Rocke to Shepton Mallet to get the Charity money of Dyer Symcockes.

In 1738/9 the rates were paid by 'the occupiers of John Coombe', called the 'late John Coombe' in 1739. Only in 1744 does it again become rated to John Coombes again. There was a change in the rating pattern in 1758 when the rates were divided into three parts – a) John Coombes, b) for part of Mr. Lymbry's and c) for his son's common. This son is identified in 1772 as William Coombes (on coming of age). in 1775, John paid rates on an additional share of Thomas Hoopers property and William ceased paying rates. Somewhere there was a transition between the Johns.

1a1) John Comb

C 11/2282/60 Short title: Coomb v Bartlett. Document type: Bill only. Plaintiffs: John Coomb, yeoman of Compton Dundon, Somerset and Joan Coomb his wife and Mary Avery, widow of Butleigh, Somerset (said Joan Coomb and Mary Avery are executrixs of Sarah Bartlett, widow deceased late of Somerton, Somerset). Defendants: Robert Bartlett and Elizabeth Bartlett his wife. Date of bill (or first document): 1725

C 11/1454/13 Short title: Coombe v Curry. Document type: Bill only. Plaintiffs: John Coombe, yeoman of Compton Dundon, Somerset and Joan Coombe his wife and Mary Avery, widow of Butleigh, Somerset (said Joan Coombe and Mary Avery are executrixes of Sarah Bartlett, widow deceased late of Somerton, Somerset). Defendants: Robert Curry, Robert Bartlett and Elizabeth Bartlett his wife 1725

1a1A) John Coombes s.o. John Coombes of Compton Dundon, bur. 19 Apr 1783 Butleigh

Ratepayer from 1726? John was an Overseer of the Poor in 1760/1. John was the ratepayer until March 1783 then his widow, Jane paid the rates until 1793.

A Betty Comb bur. 13 Jan 1753 Butleigh may also have been a child of this family.

DD/S/BT/9/6/1 1] Joseph Hare 2] John Coombe and wife Mary, Joan Curtis Fine on a house and land in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1736. (?)

DD/S/BT/13/3/1-2 1] Thomas Rocke of Somerton 2] John Coombe of Butleigh son of John of Compton Dundon decd 3] William Periam of Butleigh son and heir of Ann Periam decd Lease and release of Pharswood or Wood Close (6a arable), Butleigh. [Tied together with DD/S/BT/13/ Date: 1762.

DD/S/BT/9/6/2 1] Robert Tucker of Puriton 2] Thomas Rooke of Somerton 3] John Coombe of Butleigh son of John of Compton Dundon decd 4] Jas {James?} Grenville of Butleigh 5] William Ekins Peirs of Wookey Assignment of Dallyham (2a), 1/2a at stones piece, 1.5a at Cuckow Date: 1762.

DD/S/BT/9/6/3-8 1] Thomas Rooke of Somerton 2] John Coombe of Butleigh son of John of Compton Dundon decd 3] James Grenville of Butleigh Lease and release of Dallyham (2a), 1/2a at Stones piece, 1.5a at Cuckow Close Hedge, 2a behind Copley, 1a at Copley Shard, 4.5a at Date: 1762.

DD/S/BT/12/1/45 1] Sarah Parfitt of Wells, Elizabeth, Katherine and Frances Parfitt executrixes and legatees of their father Thomas Parfitt of Wells, joiner, decd 2] Edward Strode of Butleigh, yeoman, William Merrick of Moorlinch, yeoman, John Coombs of Butleigh and wife Date: 1769.

DD/S/BT/4/4/15 1] George Reynolds of Kingsdon, yeoman and wife Catherine daughter of John Coombe decd and next of kin to her aunt Ann Limbery decd, executrix of John Limbery decd husband of Ann and administratrix of her grandfather John Coombe decd 2] John Coombe of Butleigh, yeoman, brother of Catherine 3] Col. Richard Grenville of Butleigh Assignment of 3a in Allermoor and 2a at Westwood part Date: 1779.

DD/S/BT/10/3/3-5 - 1] John Coombes of Butleigh and wife Jane 2] Edward Strode of Butleigh and wife Hannah 3] William Merrick of Moorlinch and wife Maria 4] John Rocke of Butleigh Deed of partition of a messuage and 7a, 3a meadow, Popes close (4a), Park Corner (3a), Eastend Date: 1774.

DD/S/BT/28/1/5 Letter of administration for the goods of John Coombes of Compton Dundon decd granted to his daughter Catherine wife of William Reynolds.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1777. [different John? - see Online Doc. IR 26/289 Admin. Letter of Catherine Reynolds proved in Court of Bath & Wells 1809]

DD\BR\ho/22 Probate of will of Jane Coombes of Butleigh, wid., 1792, pr. 1797.

1a1A1) Stephen Coombs b. 1761 cooper, bur. 22 Jul 1843 (Sep Q 10/318 Wells) Butleigh [aged 86] 41-12

Stephen paid rates of 'Whitwill' or 'Whitefield' from 1793 and also jointly on a main property with James [his uncle or brother]. In 1794 the rate was paid on 'half Whitfields' plus the joint property. In 1795 the main property is noted as Stephen and late James and in 1796 just Stephen for both properties – but a George begins paying ratesthat year too. In 1817/18 the PR entry is 'late Stephen Coombes occupier Mr. Henry Ward but later the 'late' is dropped. In 1820 the Bull House or Bullground was also added to Stephen's property on which rates were paid. From 1822, though Henry War occupied one property, Jonah Connock occupied Whitfield and the Bullground. That was the case in 1827 when the records end. At the rate assessment of 1827 Stephen paid the rates on one property and William (and another) paid on a second property. In Feb 1825 his daughter was ill and the OOP paid £2.

The widowed Stephen lived in Oddway in 1841 and died in 1843.

DD/S/BT/13/1/37-8 1] George Coombes of Butleigh, yeoman, nephew and heir of James Coombes of Bristol decd son of John decd 2] Mary Coombes of Butleigh, widow of James 3] Stephen Coombes, son of John 4] William Rocke of Bristol, distiller eldest son of John Rocke of Butleigh Date: 1798.

DD/BR/ho/22 - Part of waste called Baker's Grave/Butleigh Laines, conveyed by Stephen Coombes of Butleigh, cooper, to Grenville.. [Somerset Archive and Records, DEEDS OF THE NEVILLE.] Date: 1838.

1a1A1i) William Coombs Chr. 9 May 1792 Butleigh, cooper, died 18 Dec 1863 (Dec Q 5c/455 Wells) bur. 24 Dec Butleigh 41-12, 51-27, 61-57

A William Coombes received money from the OOP in Feb 1813 and may be this William.. In Nov 1815 he was paid for a new well bucket for Sealy's Row. William Coombs (48), Cooper, lived with his wife Mary (45) in Oddway in 1841. Ann Webber, possibly Mary's sister (?) was visiting them, possibly because Mary was sick. Mary died in 1841 and William married Betsy in 1843. They appeared together in 1851 at [Oddway] when William was called a nurseryman. In 1861 'grocer' had been added to Williams occupation and Betsy was shop mistress. William died in 1867 and in 1871 Betsy was an 'annuitant' with a servant - she died in 1875, in Keinton Mandeville. Name spelled Combs on tombstone.

Western Gazette Friday 26 Oct 1866 notice that Mrs. Coombs is giving up the Nursery business and selling on the premises of the Whitfield Nursey the whole of the choice young apple trees therein – on 20 Oct 1866.

DD\BR\ho/27 Houses and land, leased by Wm. Coombs of Butleigh, yeo., for 299 years (original lease 1786). Copy will, Wm. Eades of Butleigh, mason, 1814; admon. Mary Coombs of Butleigh, 1841.

DD/S/BT/24/7/31 - 1] Charles Budd of Ditcheat, yeoman 2] William Tucker of Kingweston, yeoman 3] William Coombes of Butleigh, yeoman and Betsy 4] George Curtis Lucas of Tredegar, Monm, yeoman and Susanna 5] John Guppy of Shepton Mallet, blacksmith 6] George William Nalder Date: 1845.

1a1B)? James Coombes son of John, bur. 31 Oct 1795 Butleigh

James paid rates jointly with Stephen from 1793-95.

DD/S/BT/13/3/27-81] George Coombes of Butleigh, yeoman, nephew and heir of James Coombes of Bristol decd son of John decd 2] Mary Coombes of Butleigh, widow of James 3] Stephen Coombes, son of John 4] William Rocke of Bristol, distiller eldest son of John Rocke of Butleigh Date: 1798.

DD/S/BT/6/9/32 - 1] George Coombes of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Maria Coombes widow of James decd 2] Thomas Looke of Butleigh, mariner Assignment of Corps Fishwell (2a) and Footlands (2a) in Butleigh. [The above 2 items tied together]. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH Date: 1799.

2) William Coombes bur. 8 Jan 1783 Butleigh

The son of John Coombs paid rates on his common from 1758 and in 1772 (when of age) paid rates as William Coombs in his own name. In 1774/5 his common is referred to as Lymbry's common though the rate was paid by him or occupier and in 1775 he paid no rates. In Jan and Feb 1778 the OOP paid assistance to William Coombes two children. In Sep 1778 referred to as William Coombes wife and children. In October pay was to Ann Coombes and child. Further payment made in Dec 1783 to Ann Coombes child.. Regular payments made to Ann Coombes until January 1789 when suddenly the same payments made to Mary Coombes! [see (4) below?] - last payment seems to be June 1791 for this Mary. The William Coombes referred to in the OOP accounts for May 1800 must be the son. In July 1800 the OOP paid this William 14 weeks in arrears and then seems to have buried him - [30th June 1800] and paid 10/6d for the coffin and digging the grave.

An Ann Combs married William Lemon Butleigh 8 Oct 1796 #- could this be William's widow - the witness was Maria Coombs (not Mary) - her daughter-in-law?

2a) George Coombes Chr. 26 Apr 1772 Butleigh, s.o. William and Ann Coombs, buried 6 Oct 1829 Butleigh

George was described as a sojourner at marriage. This must be the George who paid rates in 1796 - 1798. He paid rates on his cottage in the 1827/8 rate assessment. From April 1800 George and his children received aid from the OOP. In Feb 1801 Georges daughter and son received assistance (separately) from the OOP. George helped Charles Davis arrest and take Richard Higgins to gaol in March 1820 (OOP). The Perry's Bankrupt Gazette 18 Dec 1828 listed George Combes of Butleigh near Glastonbury, drover and cattle-jobber as an undischarged bankrupt in the Wednesday 7 Jan 'at nine' o'clock listing.

The Maria who died 1843 is almost certainly the above but could be the Maria Curtiss who had married James Combes on 30 Apr 1795 Butleigh? Mary had lodged with Charles Seymour in Sealy's Row in 1841. Jane Coombes b. 1805 married William Knight Butleigh 14 Dec 1829 and died 1892 (Dec Q 5c/317 Wells) #

DD/S/BT/13/1/37-8 - 1] George Coombes of Butleigh, yeoman, nephew and heir of James Coombes of Bristol decd son of John decd 2] Mary Coombes of Butleigh, widow of James 3] Stephen Coombes, son of John 4] William Rocke of Bristol, distiller eldest son of John Rocke of Butleigh, decd. 5] James, Baron Glastonbury. Conveyance of Hill House and lands, Butleigh. Enclosed power of attorney to give livery of seisin. Date: 1798.

DD/S/BT/6/9/35-8 1] George Coombes of Butleigh, gent 2] Gen. Richard Grenville of New Burlington St., London Assignment of Gardners Close (3a), piece of West wood, Little Langley (3a) and Footlands (2a) in Butleigh. Enclosed grant of annuity by George Coombes to Maria Date: 1799.

DD/S/BT/13/3/21 1] William and Hannah Curtis, George Coombs and wife Maria of Butleigh 2] William Grant in service of Lord Glastonbury 3] Richard Holman of Butleigh Covenant to levy a fine on two messuages and orchard, Bolster corner (2a divided by a trench), Whitewell Date: 1817.

DD/S/BT/13/3/27-8 1] Richard Holman of Butleigh 2] George Coombs of Butleigh, yeoman 4] William Grant of Butleigh 4] James, Lord Glastonbury 5] Revd Henry Gould of Glastonbury Lease and release of Bolster corner (2a), Butleigh with assignment of term to attend the inheritance.. Date: 1818.

DD/S/BT/13/3/26 1] William Curtis of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Hannah Curtis of Butleigh 3] George Coombs of Butleigh, labourer 4] William Grant in service of Lord Glastonbury Further charge on two tenements, Bolster corner (2a) and Whitewell (3a.), Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive Date: 1822.

2a1) James Coombes Chr. 16 Oct 1811 Butleigh, lodge porter, s.o. George and Mary Coombes, died 1889 (Sep Q 5c/267 Wincanton)

In 1851 James lived James at the Porters Lodge, Bowood House, Bowood, Wilts with his wife Elizabeth and three children. In 1871, described as widower, he lived with his widowed sister Jane Knight (b. 1805 Butleigh).

3) Elizabeth Combes bur. 3 Jul 1796 Butleigh

4) Mary Combes b. 1789 bur. 28 Mar 1819 Butleigh [aged 30 – misread? Wife of John?]

In June 1817 the OOP paid for a letter received from Mary Coombs in Winchester – this Mary? A second letter the same month stated she was the wife of a John Coombes. A Mary Coombes ill appears from Jan 1819 in the OOP accounts.and must be the above Mary since in March 1819 the last entry is 'To Samuel Boldford for May Coombes for house room and attendance'. The OOP paid for her burial but it only appears in the July account.

5) Mary Ann Coombs b. 1835 Catcott/Moorlinch, schoolmistress, died 1886 (Sep Q 5c/250 Bridgwater) 71W-86 #

Mary Ann lived at the National School, Butleigh Wootton in 1871 and married Richard Chantor in 1873 (Dec Q 5c/1012 Wells). She was previously married to Mark Coombes, a carpenter, and lived at Moorlinch with him and his parents there in 1861. In 1881 they were visited by her 'niece', Mary Warrey Coombes

6) Mary Warrey Coombes b. 1866 Meare, daughter of Mark and Martha Coombes 81-106.

Mary married Innkeeper Richard Pepperd and lived with him, together with her widowed mother Martha, in Westonzoyland in 1891.

7) Theresa M. Combs b. 1873 Shelton, Oxon., private nurse 01-145

Theresa worked at the Cottage Hospital in 1901. Nfi - surname probably Coombs.

Coope

1) John Coope

A Thomas Coope of Butleigh donated 6d towards the building of Chelsea College in 1617 – a relative?

Cooper

1) Frank Cooper b. 1865 North Wootton, carpenter 81-101

Frank boarded with Harry Higgins carpenter in the High Street in 1881. Nfi but a T. Cooper of Butleigh won a three mile cycling race in 1884 [Western Gazette 6 Jun 1884] – probably an error in reporting.

2) Rev. F. Cooper

Succeeded Rev. Prosser Jones in Butleigh in 1956 having been a missionary in Trinidad, and was followed by Rev. E. F. Synge in 1959.

Corbaz

(Corbay, Carbeau, Curbau)

1) Daniel Corbaz sojourner, bur. 24 Apr 1804 Butleigh [Corbaz is a Swiss surname]

The Oxford Journal of 29 Oct 1796 carried the announcement of the marriage 'after 35 years courtship'.

Ann Carbeau was paid 10/6 by the OOP in March 1807 for her providing them with somewhere to store the turves for the poor. She was paid again for the use of her barn July 1812. Ann was stated to be 76 at death meaning that she would have been 47 at the time of her marriage. In August 1815 the OOP paid for moving Ann's bed and bedstead (to the Poor House?). From her mother's death in 1796 Ann had paid rates on Scrubbetts until 1813 when she sold it to William Barnard/Barnett

DD/S/BT/14/2/52 1] Ann Corbaz of Butleigh daughter of John Vagg decd 2] William Burnett of Butleigh, stonecutter Assignment of Scrubbetts (4a) and 2a in Berrell, Butleigh. 1813

Corck (?) unc.

1) Susannah Corck b. 1799, of Bristol, bur. 27 May 1825 Butleigh

Coriersee Carrier

Cornford

1) Mr. Cornforda Jesuit who gave a sermon at Thomas Cook's house in Butleigh on 13th May 1739 [Cannon- Money p.477/8]

Cornick

[see Connock]

1) Lilly Cornick b. 1853 Evershot, Dorset, d.o. James Cornick, farmer

Lilly married the groom Charles Woolfries (b. 1848 Puddlehinton, Dorchester - s.o. George Woolfries) in Butleigh on 31 Mar 1873 (Mar Q 5c/819 Wells). # In 1881 the couple lived at 1, Bryanstone Mews, Marylebone, London where James was listed as a coachman.

Cornish

1) Elizabeth Cornish married Butleigh 29 Oct 1668 Will Jurdex?

2) Mary Cornish bur. 16 Jan 1670 Butleigh

3) Gatree? Cornish married Butleigh 24 Nov 1671 William Stokes #

4) Samuel Cornish bur. 1 Jan 1673 Butleigh

Samuel may be the father of Richard (next) who pays rates from 1673, probably on the property recorded in 1672 as 'Cornishes'.

5) Richard Cornish died 1701 Butleigh

Richard was an overseer of the poor in 1685. He paid rates from 1673 until 1699, and jointly with Thomas from 1692. Thomas paid rates then until 1712 after which the property was 'late Cornish'. Richard's situation must have deteriorated post 1692 and in 1694 he and his wife were receiving relief from the Overseers {plus a rug and shoes for Richard] and in 1695 it was they who paid for her shroud and buried her. Richard received relief and clothes until 1701 when the OOP paid for his shroud, burial and ringing the bell. Thomas was mentioned in the OOP accounts in 1708 when he was paid for having an apprentice.

DD/S/BT/3/8/1 - Survey of tenement of Richard Cornish of Butleigh, tailor, and of the tenement late James Periam's, found in DD/S/BT/3/8/2. Late 1600's

6) Robert Cornish b. 22 Aug 1791, Chr. 2 Oct 1791 Kingsdon, farmer, s.o. Maurice and Ann Cornish, died 18 Aug 1841 (Sep Q 11/184 Clifton?), buried 21 Aug 1841 Butleigh 41-4

A Nancy Chr.12 Jun 1803 and a Betsy Chr. 10 Jul 1808 Baltonsborough, both daughters of John and Lucy Dauncey, are the only registered C of E baptisms of the period found so far.

Robert paid rates of 15/7d at the assessment of 1827. In March 1829 Mr. Cornish was paid by the OOP 'for highways'. In 1841 Robert Cornish seems to be the occupant of Higher Rockes Farm with wife Elizabeth and children Mary (14), Elizabeth (10), Thomas (8) Hannah (6) Henry (4) and Emma (1). Elizabeth snr is found in West Town, Baltonsborough, in 1851 with Mary Ann, Elizabeth, Thomas, Henry and Emma. She died on October 10th 1866. Hannah Matilda was the H. M. Cornish at school in Church Street, Martock in 1851.

Mary Ann married the auctioneer John Geare Maidment in 1851 (Jun Q 10/881 Wells) and lived in Keinton Mandeville by 1871. Their son Levi Robert Maidment later married Ellen Louisa Hoddinott of Butleigh and they farmed Smithfield Farm, Butleigh Wootton in 1881. # After John Maidment's death Mary Ann married farmer Thomas Rawlings (b. 1826 West Lydford) in 1881 (Mar Q 5c/685 Shepton Mallet) and lived near her unmarried daughter Emma in West Lydford in 1881/91. She died in 1905.

Elizabeth married George Yeates Hunter (b. 1832 Margate, Kent) on 8 Nov 1857 at Trinity Church, Upper Chelsea, their first son Edward being born eleven days later. George Hunter was a surgeon with the Indian Medical Service in Bombay, where they went to live for many years. In 1891 they lived at 48 Philbeach Gardens, Brompton, Kensington with two mature children (25 & 23) plus brother Thomas Cornish and his son William.

William Robert studied medicine at St. George's Hospital in London and in March 1854 became an assistant Surgeon in the army of the Madras Presidency of the British East India Company. He also married Louise Sophia Hunter (b. 1836 Margate, d.o. George Yeates Hunter) on 24th Mar 1854 (Mar Q 2a/710 Kent) at Trinity Church, Margate. He had won prizes in London for Chemistry and Botany and his expertise paid dividends when he advocated the introduction and use of quinine for the treatment of fevers in India. He investigated the causes of high mortality amongst prisoners and Caucasians in general in India and wrote important reports on diet and hygiene which caused many improvements to be adopted throughout India. He played a part in reducing the deaths from cholera and smallpox and improved the lot of the peasants during the Great Famine of 1876-78. In 1880 he was promoted to Surgeon General in Madras and awarded the C.I.E. He returned to England in 1885 and played an important role in the BMA and planned an institution that later became the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. In 1891 he lived at 8 Cresswell Gdns, Kensington with his wife and one-year old grandson Phillip Victor Cornish (b. 1890 Simla, India). He died in Worthing in 1877. A tablet to his memory dedicated by his wife Louise Sophia Hunter is in the church. (See Church memorials 134A). Philip Victor, after school in Worthing went into the military and was oversees as a 2nd Lieut. with the West Riding Regt. in 1911.

Hannah is probably the Hatti Cornish (b. 1835 Butleigh) boarding as a pupil at Church Building, Martock in 1851. Emma was an assistant governess at the home of the naturalist James A. Brown in West Street, Reigate in 1861. From 1871 - 91 Hannah is also found in Reigate, Surrey - firstly in 1871 with her sister Emma where they are both 'daily governesses' living with their Hunter nephews and niece (and next door to James and Clara Balfour) - then in 1881 as School Principals at Somer's Road and in 1891 Hannah alone (Lesbourne House) with two of her Cornish nieces from Ballarach, Australia and Madras India. In 1901 Hannah lived at 108, Grosvenor Rd., Westminster, retired, and with her niece Emily (36) and husband John Maidment, a tea dealer.

Thomas became a mining engineer and went to Australia. He married Margaret Gibson Lurgan [d.o. Thomas Lurgan of Armagh] on 30 Dec 1868 at Christ Church, St. Kilda, Victoria, Australia – but she died there on 17 Oct 1879. The couple had three children: Robert Henry b. 15 Sep 1869 Ballarat, Mary Elizabeth Phoebe b. 1872 Ballarat and William b. c. 1874 in St. Kilda. In 1891 Thomas was visiting his sister Elizabeth Hinton in Brompton, Kensington - a widower, together with his son William (b. St. Kilda, Victoria) and in 1901 boarding at 92, Denbigh Street, Belgravia. He seems to have died in Warwickshire? in 1904 (only record found), though his abode was recorded as Cannington in the PR, and was buried in Butleigh. On the gravestone described as 'mining engineer of Ballarat' died aged 71.

Henry was called to the Bar, 28 Jun 1876. In India he was a prominent journalist and founder of the Times of Madras. He next (ex-India) appeared in 1881 at 15, Nottingham Place, Rectory, Marylebone, London with wife Emily Henrietta Engelbach (b. 1855 Clapham) and three children [Henry b. 1877 Madras India, Grace E. b. 1879 Madras while a second Grace, Violet, was 'under 1 month, born London]. Henry was a Public writer (Newspaper agent). He next appeared in Brighton in 1891 married to 'Emma' - he was then a Barrister. By 1901 he was living in Lovelace Road, Surbiton, Surrey and he called his house 'Glastonbury'!. Henry, his wife and their son Henry Dauncey, plus his two unmarried daughters still lived at 'Glastonbury' in 1911. Their only other child, son Charles Lawson Cornish (b. 13 Aug 1887 Brighton) was killed at Ypres on 13 Nov 1914 in WWI

PROB 11/1954Will of Robert Cornish Gentleman Butleigh , Somerset Date: 10 Dec 1841.

7) William Moore Cornish b. 18 Sep, Chr. 2 Oct 1814 Coddenham, Suffolk, agricultural labourer, s.o. Thomas and Susan (nee Moore) Cornish, d. 19 Apr 1891 Payneham, Adelaide 41-10

William and Ann lived at 18, High Street, the School master's House in 1841. Charles Cox emigrated to Australia with his parents in 1848/9 on the Glenelg, arriving 13 Feb 1849, and married Emily Constant Bowles on 9 Nov 1864 at St. Martins Church, Campbelltown. Emily died on 11 Oct 1899, buried Walkerville.

The following is an account of Charles' suicide in the Advertiser, Adelaide from Thursday 8th December 1904:

SUICIDE OF A CIVIL SERVANT. MR. C. C. CORNISH HANGS HIMSELF. Very general regret will be felt concerning the death of Mr. C. C. Cornish (secretary to the Attorney-General), and at the circumstances under which the sad event took place. For a good many years Mr. Cornish had been in ill-health. As far back as 1893 he broke down entirely, and in June that year he was granted l8 months' leave of absence. Five years later, owing to mental strain, he again had to give up office work for some months, and since then, though able to carry out his official work, he had been far from well, the state of his health causing his friends much anxiety. Early on Wednesday morning Dr. Brummitt was called to Mr. Cornish's residence at Warwick-street, Walkerville and he there learned that Mr. Cornish had hanged himself in a shed at the rear of the house. The funeral will take place to-day: An Old Civil Servant. Mr. Charles Cox Cornish came of family that some hundreds of years ago resided in Cornwall, but in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, the Cornishes left the ancient duchy and settled near Ipswich, Suffolk. Some of their descendants moved to Somerset, and at Butleigh, near Glastonbury, in that county, the late Mr. Cornish was born on July 6, 1841. When 7 years of age he sailed with his parents for South Australia in the ship Glenelg, arriving at the Semaphore on .February 13 1849. He first lived with his parents on the Government Reserve, North-terrace, then at Kensington, afterwards at Payneham and for the greater portion of his life at Walkerville. As a youth he learnt farming near Port Elliot, but after finishing his education in the city he entered the office of Messrs. Fenn & Wearing, who were then one of the leading firms of solicitors in Adelaide. In 1861 he was offered an appointment in Mr. R. Stow's office, and remained there four years. Through the instrumentality of Mr. Stow, who became Attorney-General in 1865, Mr. Cornish was appointed to a position in the Lands Titles Office on January 13, 1865 and on the recommendation of the Crown Solicitor (Mr. Wearing) Mr. Cornish was appointed his clerk on September 26 1865. He at once took charge of the criminal business, and managed it satisfactorily for 23 years. During that time there were 23 changes in the office of Attorney-General, and Mr. Cornish served under four Crown Solicitors..... He refused several offers of promotion because he preferred leg work and was fond of circuit court travelling. In 1888, however, on the resignation of Mr. G. E. De Mole, he a accepted an offer by Mr. C. C. Kingston of the position of secretary to the Attorney General, and he held that position to the time of his death, having since July 1 1902 the additional duties of secretary to the Minister of Education. Mr. Cornish was occasionally called on to do other work than that directly connected with his official positions. He had drafted many Bills, and in 1873 the Government gave him a valuable honorarium for preparing the Criminal Laws Consolidation Bill. He was also secretary to the Gawler Police Enquiry, and received the thanks of the Government for his work. During the six and a half years that Mr. Kingston was Premier of South Australia Mr. Cornish accompanied him as secretary to numerous conferences with the Premiers of the other States.

The late Mr. Cornish was a keen an enthusiastic sportsman.. In the sixties he was an active footballer, in addition to being secretary of the Adelaide Football Club, and he figured in many matches against the military men then stationed in Adelaide. In later years he showed his interest in the game by attending all the principal matches. Frequently he was to be seen inside the fence of the Adelaide Oval walking up and down the edge of the playing-ground and cheering his side on. He also took a prominent part in military matters. He was an active non-commissioned officer in the Adelaide Volunteer Artillery, under Colonel Torrens, being senior "driver." He took much interest in athletics and racing, and as a pedestrian ran under the name of "Swift." He took part in a number of the races on the Thebarton course as a rider, and on one occasion, after a very exciting finish, he was second on Harvey's Brenda to Little Dan in the Adelaide Amateur Cup. Subsequenty he rode his own horse Ginger in amateur events. For 11 years from the opening of St. Peter's Cathedral Mr. Cornish was an hon. warden, and he was also warden of St. Andrew's Church, Walkerville, for about 12 years, and precentor in the choir for 27 years.

The deceased gentleman left a family of four sons and two daughters. The sons are Mr. C. P. Cornish, of the Education Department; Captain A. F. Cornish, of the Treasury; and Messrs. E. H. and H. L. Cornish, of the Lands Titles Department.

Statement by the Attorney-General. On Wednesday morning the Attorney General (Hon. R. Homburg) said: "Mr. Cornish was in the office yesterday attending to his ordinary duties, and so late as a quarter to 6 he was in conference with me about the necessity of holding an inquest and the burial of a man who was found drowned at Kangaroo Island. He then appeared to be in his usual state of mind. Indeed, he took some trouble to direct my attention to the real responsibilities of the relatives and the duties of the State in cases of this description, and I certainly had not the slightest suspicion that he was either depressed or that he had any trouble or worry, and I know of no reason why he should have been in the slightest degree concerned about any work in the office. After the session in Parliament had ceased the amount of his labour was considerably diminished, and the bulk of the arrears had been disposed of by last Thursday. It certainly was a great shock to me when I heard of his death this morning. In his prime he was regarded as a typical man for the position of clerk to the Crown Solicitor, and it was recognised that the efficiency he brought to bear on his work as clerk to the Crown Prosecutor was quite professional. Although I have been out of office for over 10 years, I can say that from my previous experience of him as secretary to the Attorney-General, he was a splendid officer, but during the last few years, and in consequence of his illness, he was unable to give that amount of attention to the office work which I experienced in former years. But there was nothing whatever to induce me to make any complaint in this respect. Four of his sons are in the service, and those of them with whom I have come in contact have all obtained the positions which they now occupy by merit and hard work.''

The Inquest. The City Coroner (Dr. W. Ramsey Smith) held an inquest at the deceased's residence, Warwick-street, Walkerville on Wednesday afternoon. Mr. C. P. Cornish, clerk in the Civil Service, identified the body as that of his late father, who was 63 years of age, and whom he last saw alive on Monday evening. At 20 minutes past 7 on Wednesday morning he received a message, and at once proceeded to a shed where he had been told his sister had gone. Saw the deceased hanging; cut the body down, and sent for a doctor and a constable. The deceased was ill some years ago for a long period and was attended by Dr. Jay. He was very fond of outdoor exercise, and went for long walks and rides for the benefit of his health. This was before his illness, He was a good deal worried before he broke down. He had been kept working beyond the usual office hours, and usually reached home between 6 and 7 o'clock. At times he would say he had a worrying day, and he made a remark to that effect on Monday. He seemed very tired. He had never made any remark to lead the witness to think that he would do any harm to himself, and he had no financial worries. Dr. M. R. H. Jay said he had attended the deceased for the past 21 years. His first breakdown was in 1893-4 for a period of l8 months, and five years ago he was taken ill again. He suffered from excessive nervous depression-melancholia. In the first instance over-anxiety regarding his work caused the attack, and in the second it followed influenza, aggravated by grief at the death of his wife. He did not ever recover from the first attack sufficiently to be fit for the same amount of work as he used to be. Extra and worrying work would have been bad for him, and might actually unhinge his mind. Mr. G. G. Martin chief clerk of the Law Department, said he had known the deceased for 24 years, and worked for that period in the same department with him. Last saw him alive a little after 5 o'clock on Tuesday afternoon, when he appeared in his usual health. He was not able to apply himself to his work with the same energy after his illness as before it. Parliamentary work had caused extra hours. His work was of a responsible sort as secretary to the Minister, and was sometimes of an anxious nature. It was a natural tiling for an officer holding such a position to be anxious. Constable J. D. Renfrey also gave evidence, and stated that no letters from the deceased had been found. The jury returned a verdict that the deceased committed suicide by hanging whilst of unsound mind, brought on by illness and anxiety as regards his work.

8) William Henry Cornish b. 1871 Glasgow, Scotland

In 1901 the family lived at 88, Overleigh, Street where William was a gardener (domestic). A Master R. Cornish took part in the "Revel" in 1906 – mistake for one of the older boys? In 1911 Emma and her nine children lived on Butleigh Hill but her husband was not at home on census day. Elsie married Thomas W. Wills in 1936 (Jun Q 5c/1038 Wells)

Corp(e)

Corpe is one of the commonest surnames in Butleigh in the 1700's but by 1800 they had almost all disappeared. In Baltonsborough a John Corpe having children as early as 1540.

1) Elizabeth Corpe married Butleigh 11 May 1615 xxx Pyne (Dwelly's PR) [there was a Pyne family in Baltonsborough]

2) William Corp of Baltonsborough [Chr. 27 Mar 1686 Baltonsborough s.o. Richard and Mary Corpe or Chr. 28 Feb 1693 Baltonsborough s.o. William and Bridget Corpe?]

3) John Corpe [Chr. 20 Apr 1697 Baltonsborough s.o. William and Bridget Corpe or Chr. 10 Jun 1697 s.o. James and Agnes Corpe?

4) Joan Corpe d.o. John of Baltonsborough bur. 16 May 1731 Butleigh

5) Richard Corpe 'the Elder', bur. 21 Feb 1761 Butleigh

Richard seems to have acquired property in Butleigh in 1734 from Anne Cross the sole heir of the Rev. Guido Clinton.of Wells. He started paying rates in 1735 for 'part of Weekes' as neighbour of Anne Cross. He was churchwarden in 1743 and continued to pay rates [latterly identified as 'the elder' to distinguish him from his son] until 1754 (as neighbour of David Bell). A Betty Corpe married John Brook in Butleigh on 10 Jun 1752 # A Mary married Butleigh 3 Feb 1746 Joseph Meaker #

DD/S/BT/11/2/21-2 1] Anne Cross of Wells daughter and administratrix of Guydo Clinton of Wells decd 2] Richard Corpe of Butleigh, yeoman Assignment a messuage and 1/2-a croft, 1a in Eastmead, 23a arable in fields and 2a in Westwood. With copy. [Somerset Archive and Records, Date: 1734.

DD/S/BT/14/2/20-1 1] Richard Corpe of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Joseph Cary of Shepton Mallet, clothier Mortgage of a messuage, 13a 3yds arable in Butleigh fields, and 2a in Westwood. Counterpart.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1737.

DD/S/BT/12/1/19 - 1] Richard Corpe the elder of Butleigh, yeoman 2] John Brooke of Keinton Mandeville, mason Assignment of a messuage and croft (1a), 13a 3yds arable in Butleigh fields and 2a in West wood.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1752.

DD/S/BT/12/1/24 1] Joseph Cary of Shepton Mallet, clothier 2] John Brooke of Keinton Mandeville, mason 3] Richard Corpe the elder of Butleigh, yeoman 4] James Grenville of Butleigh Assignment of 12a 3yds arable in Butleigh fields and 2a in West wood.. [Somerset Archive Date: 1761.

5a) Richard Corpe 'the Younger' Chr. 20 Feb 1715 Butleigh, bur. 22 Jul 1783 Butleigh

A girl called Jane was buried 18 Jun 1746 Butleigh is specified as daughter of Richard (but the elder or younger?). Richard the younger started paying rates [property called 'late Tars'] in 1749/50 as neighbour of John Bishop and continued to pay until his death in 1783 when he was replaced as ratepayer by John Corpe who was still paying rates in 1789 when 'or occupiers' was added. In 1790/91 the rate payer was Mary Corp until 1796 [the Mary who died 1798?] after which the rates were paid jointly by Richard and John until 1802/3 and from 1803 by Richard alone. He paid the rates until 1818 then Corpes paid no more rates in Butleigh.

Richard was paid by the OOP to apprehend, and take to Shepton, Thomas Pollett in April 1763. In the same month he received one years Land Tax and eight poor rates for late John Gill's Parish House (2/-). In Oct 1774 he was paid to go to Bristol 'for Pauley'. (OOP). His bill was paid in July 1776 by the OOP.

DD/S/BT/4/5/52 Copy court roll admitting Richard Corpe the younger to 5.5a ar in the fields, Butleigh. Endorsed with surrenders 1776 and 1780.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1736.

DD/S/BT/11/2/31 1] Humphrey Colmer of Butleigh, cordwainer 2] Richard Corpe the younger of Butleigh, yeoman Assignment of 1a at Clayhill and 1.5a at Austins Pitts in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1738.

DD/S/BT/11/2/33 - 36 - 1] William Hodges the elder of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Richard Corpe the younger of Butleigh, yeoman Assignment of Ivyleafe house in Butleigh. Rent 2s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date range: 1741-1742.

DD/S/BT/12/1/18 1] Richard Corp of Butleigh, yeoman 2] John Haggett of Butleigh, yeoman Assignment of 1a at Clayhill and 1.5a at Austins Pitt in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1751.

DD/S/BT/12/1/29 1] Richard Corp of Butleigh, yeoman 2] Richard Gould of Wells 2] James Grenville of Butleigh 3] Revd Samuel Hood of Butleigh Assignment in trust of Ivyleafe house and 2 1/4a arable in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1763.

DD/S/BT/9/4/28 1] Richard Corp 2] James Grenville Agreement to sell 1.5a in Butleigh East field and 1a in West field.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1769.

5x) Richard Corp

6) Jane Corp of Butleigh married Thomas Rogers in Charlton Mackrell on 5 Mar 1738

7) William Corpe [bur. 1 Feb 1756 Butleigh -or one of the Williams below?]

8) John Corp [see below and 3 above]

The OOP paid the house rent for a John Corp from 1756/7.

9) John Corpe

10) John Corpe

In April 1766 the OOP paid 1/- to John Corp's maid at Compton and again in December 1767.

11) James Corpe

James Corpe received six pecks of wheat in July and a bushel in December 1763 in his family's distress. In March 1764 he received ½ bushel. His house rent paid in 1765. James and wife received multiple assistance in their distress in Oct 1766 and some in the following months of 1767. In Oct 1771 he was paid by the OOP for nails a 'tartwine'? Possibly this Mary widow, who married John Castle widower in Butleigh on 16 Aug 1795?# Ann Corpe rec'd house rent 1811 – 13, in 1813 her landlord was Richard Whellar (Wheeler). From Feb 1815 she is referred to as Ann Corp, Grenton (Greinton).

A Mary Corpe appears in the OOP accounts in April 1780 receiving a sheet, and a horse being hird to take her to Glastonbury to see the doctor. In May the accounts refer to Mary Corpe and child. In Nov 1778 the OOP paid for Mary Corpe from Compton Dundon by justices order. She was examined at Wells (Dec 1778) and a warrant issued for Edward Nutt. Expenses paid for a journey to Cannards Grave at the same time are probably connected. In January 1779 the OOP paid for a bed, bedstead mat, blankets etc and iron pot for Mary and rent to Richard Short for lodging her. The baby was born in March 1779. In April to July a Mary Corpe received aid in her sickness (plus ointment for the itch). This would seem to be the Mary who married James Grove on 23 July 1781. The child was called William Grove when the OOP buried him in 1804.

However, a Mary Corpe was still receiving assistance in August 1779, September and in October Mary Corpe and child. This Mary received OOP assistance monthly from then on. In April 1780 a horse was hired by the OOP to take her to Glastonbury to see the doctor. In June 1781 the OOP paid Thomas Lemon for 'oyntment and other meditions for Mary Corpe child'. After July 1784 no more payments seem to be made to Mary Corpe and child. However a payment was made to a Mary Corp in Feb 1795. Not necessarily related – but the OOP paid house rent for a Mary Corp from Bath in 1792/3.

DD/S/BT/14/2/27-8 - 1] James Corpe of Butleigh, labourer and wife Mary executrix of Joan Strickland decd, her grandmother 2] Stephen Callow of Butleigh, mason Assignment of a messuage in Butleigh. Enclosed probate (1764) of Will (1738/9) of Joan Stickland of Butleigh, widow. Date: 1764.

11x) James Corpe bur. 22 Jan 1806 Butleigh

A second marriage of the previous James or a second James?

James Corpe received assistance from the OOP several times and three lots of assistance in December 1792 plus 1½ cwt of coal. His wife also received aid in March 1793 – James received periodic payments for several years after. In Jan 1798 the OOP paid for James' wife's coffin.

Probably one James Corp since from May 1800 towards the end he was attended by hus daughter Ann until the OOP paid for his coffin and burial in Feb 1806. The OOP were making payments to Ann from October 1800. She was paid until June 1826 when the OOP paid for her internment, presumably in Greinton..

DD/S/BT/14/2/27-8 - 1] James Corpe of Butleigh, labourer and wife Mary executrix of Joan Strickland decd her grandmother 2] Stephen Callow of Butleigh, mason Assignment of a messuage in Butleigh. Enclosed probate (1764) of will (1738/9) of Joan Stickland of Butleigh, widow.. Date: 1764.

11a?) Richard Corpe school teacher

Richard presented a bill to the OOP in Oct 1803 for having made out ' a return of men in their respective Claxxxx(?)'. He was paid for writing a mittimus in Oct 1805 (a warrant for imprisonment). In May 1806 he was paid for making out the Militia List and other things – something he was paid for several times thereafter. In April 1810 he presented another bill to the OOP of 7/6d and again the same amount in May – for something relating to G. Scott.

In 1811, 17 January, The Taunton Courier reported that he had moved his school from Butleigh to Martock.

DD/S/BT/26/3/10 - 1] Lord Glastonbury 2] Richard Corpe of Butleigh, schoolmaster Conveyance of the reversion of a messuage in Butleigh.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1805.

Uncertain Corpe burials

a) John Corpe bur. 26 Jun 1757 Butleigh

b) Thomas Corpe bur. 15 Aug 1757 Butleigh

12) Samuel Corp of Baltonsborough

Nanny received aid from the OOP in August and September 1813.

13) Henry Corp b. 1761 Somerset, died 1844 (Mar Q 10/412 Wells) bur. 16 Mar Butleigh 41-9

From February the OOP paid Henry assistance fairly regularly (6/-). In 1814/15 Henry received his rent from the OOP. He received aid from the OOP from Dec 1830. The widower Henry lodged with Charles Davis in Compton Street in 1841. Possibly the Henry Corpe, s.o. John and Mary Corpe Chr. 11 May 1760 Shapwick.

The Henry Corpe who was paying bastardy pay seems unlikely to be this person? - In Jan 1810 the OOP reported that they received £1 4 6d from Henry and then bastardy pay regularly from Feb 18101819. Other possible Henrys; Chr. 2 Feb 1783 Ditcheat s.o. John and Arabellow Corp [married Joanna Hoare 3 Oct 1814, bur. 20 Jan 1867] and Henry s.o. Robert and Mary Corp Chr. 30 Nov 1794 West Pennard [the latter probably bur. 12 Jan 1811 which would eliminate him since payments carried on until 1819].

14) Emily Corp b. 1857 Butleigh, d.o. James and Mary Corp

In 1861 Emily and her whole family had been together in Sticklinch. In 1871 Emma lived with her relative Stephen Dunkerton and his wife Mary on their farm at Sticklinch, West Pennard. Her Corp brothers and sister (Joseph 18, Celia 12 and Sidney 10) lived there too. James and Mary Corp, her parents had had 9 children and in 1871 they seem to have been developing a new farm - Wood Hill Farm at Brinkworth, Wilts, leaving some of their children including Emma back in Sticklinch where their old farm was situated. James died in 1874. In 1881 Emily was still at home with her parents - at Woodcock Farm, Charlton, Malmesbury Eastern, Wilts. By 1891 Emily (35) lived with her sister Sarah and brother-in-law John Greenham at Ridgeway Farm, Purton, Wilts. She was still there aged 42, as a domestic help in 1901 and in 1911.

15) Agness Emily Corp b. 1860 West Pennard, d.o. Leos and Sarah Corp 81-104

Agnes was a servant at Lower Rockes farm in 1881. Previously lived at Northwood, Baltonsborough with her parents, her father being a labourer.

16) John Corp b. 1878 (Dec Q 5c/534 Wells) West Pennard, son of Frederick Corp and Mary 91-114

John lived at New Road, West Pennard with his parents in 1881. In 1891 he was a servant at Lower Rockes farm but by 1901 had returned to live with his parents at New Road, West Pennard.

Cossensee Cousin

Cosway

1) Richard Coseway/Cosway/Cusway

In 1811 - 14 Richard occupied the 5 commons on Kings Sedgemoor previously occupied by Charles Brown and owned by Mr. John Lilly.

Cottle

1) Emily Cottle b. 1891 Bruton, nurse (domestic)

In 1911 Emily worked for James Gane, farmer, at Higher Rocks farm as a nurse. She was single. The only Emily Cottle who seems to fit the bill is the d.o. Thomas and Elizabeth who lived in Glastonbury in 1901, Emily being one of their eleven children.

2) Henry James Cottle b. 31 Mar 1899 (Jun Q 6a/154 Bristol), s.o. Henry Godfery and Ellen Cottle, d. 1978 (Jun Q 23/1436 Taunton Deane)

This couple ran Butleigh Post Office 1956 – 1962. Henry's father was a manager of a school publishers and stationers living at 274, Wells Rd, Knowle, Bristol in 1901/1911. Gwendoline's father was a coachman with eight children in 1911. They had no children.

Coulson

1) Edward Coulson b. 1868 Peckham, London, d. 26 Jun, buried 28 Jun 1940 (Jun Q 5c/1206 Wells) Butleigh

In 1901 Edward was a Corporal A.S.C. Living at 31, Ritter Street, Woolwich. By 1911 he ran the Red Lion Inn, West Pennard. In Kelly's Directory of 1919 he is listed as the manager of the Rose and Portcullis – People's Refreshment House Association. Edward and Agnes died at The Laurels, Marshalls Elm, Street. Ronald had lived in Butleigh Wootton.

1a) Edward William G. Coulson b. 28 Mar 1897 (Jun Q 1d/1210 Woolwich) Woolwich, Kent, railway porter s.o. Edward and Agnes Coulson, d. 1986 (March/23/1417/386 Mendip)

Edward is listed as Butleigh resident at marriage whereas Sybil came from Street. Edward's father was a hotel proprietor and in 1911 ran the Red Lion Inn West Pennard, Glastonbury. Sybil's father was a foreman shoe maker and lived at 16, Cobden Terrace, Street in 1911. The couple arrived in Butleigh before 1920 since Edward's sister Doris Agnes Coulson had died there aged just 16 on Nov 23rd 1920.

Kelly's Directory of 1935 has Edward as 'Peoples Refreshment House Association Ltd, Rose & Portcullis Inn, manager. Jennifer married Charles M. Grant in 1943 (Mar Q 5c/829 Wells). A Clive M. Coulson married Susan A. Turner in 1966 (Sep Q 7c/737 Wells)

Court – see also Acourt

1) Matthew Court Chr. 26 Dec 1718 Glastonbury St. John s.o. John and Mary Court, bur. 15 May 1778

A Sarah d.o. Matthew bur. 17 Aug 1773 Glastonbury St. John is probably a child of this family. Grace had had an illegitimate child John which was born and died in 1754.

2) Samuel Court [A'Court'] b. 25 Dec 1842 North Cadbury, Galhampton, blacksmith, s.o. Charles (a blacksmith) and Anna Court. 61-59

In 1851 Samuel lived with his parents at North Cadbury. His older sister Rhoda Ann was baptised at Castle Cary Congregational Chapel. He lodged with Charles Petty in Dumb Lane in 1861. Samuel married Sarah-Ann Britton in Butleigh Chr. 14 Apr 1843 Butleigh, d.o. William and Zebra Britton on 21 May 1863 and they emigrated to New Zealand. #

Evening Post, 20 January 1932, Page 13

The death is announced from Christchurch of a very old resident, Mrs. Sarah. A'Court, widow of the late Mr. Samuel A'Court, of Durham street. Mrs. A'Court was 89 years of age, and had lived in Christchurch for 63 years. She was bright, cheerful, witty, and in full possession of her faculties up to the time of her last illness. Mrs. A'Court was a public-spirited, kindly woman from the early days, when she was always ready to help those in need. She was also a skilful needlewoman, and was very fond of animals, being "a good driver before the days of motor-cars. Mrs. A'Court was born at Butleigh in Somersetshire in 1842, and was married in Somerset, her husband being a native of the same county. They came to New Zealand by the ship Accrington in 1863, after the fastest passage on record at the time. They had adventures on the voyage, for  the condensing machinery broke down, and Mr. A'Court, who was an engineer, was able to repair the damage, and saved the ship and passengers a great deal. Another happening was a mutiny among the crew, and to Mr. A'Court was assigned the duty of getting; the guns and ammunition in case of trouble. He started his work in Christchurch, and was well known there for many years, both he and his wife earning the highest respect. Mrs. A'Court had the first perambulator in Christchurch, designed by her husband. It was small and neat, having three wheels. Their house in Durham street is 54 years old, and contains a handsome wrought iron staircase, an example of the fine workmanship of Mr. A'Court.

Courtney

1) Walter Trave Courtney b. 1890 (Sep Q 5a/289 Wareham) Wareham, Dorset, labourer, s.o. George and Ann Courtney

See under Eastment for possible relatives.

Cousins

[Cozens]

1) Charles Cossen

This person paid bastardy pay - see entry OOP 1805 [payments up to April 14th £3]. An A. Cosen 'money to the Hospital' entry in OOP accounts in June 1824. [A Charles Cozens was Chr. 20 Dec 1749 High Ham]

2) Eli Cousins b. 1869 (Mar Q 5c/741 Keynsham) Brislington, police constable, d. 1936 (Mar Q 5c/780 Keynsham) 01-138

In 1891 Eli was an unmarried constable lodging at Ammerdown Terrace, Hemington, near Frome. Lillian's parents came from Caerleon, Mon., and her father is described as 'painter' and address in 1881 was 63, Upper Maudlin Street [Foresters Arms], St. James, Bristol. In 1891 Lillian had been a kitchen maid in Queen Elizabeth's District Hospital, St. Augustine, Bristol. Eli Cousins (32) police constable, lived in Oddway in 1901 with wife Lillian L. (30) and children Minnie (5), John (3) and Eli (1). By 1911 Eli and Lilian lived at East Pennard with just Eli junior. Minnie was a servant in Bristol in 1911 and married Edwin A Parsons in 1912 (Sep Q 5c/895 Wells). John was a Hall-boy servant in East Pennard. An advert in the Western Gazette 9 Jan 1920 from Cousins -Butleigh was seeking work as gardener with 10 years experience – this family?

3) Frank Cozens b. 1895 Taunton s.o. Herbert and Annie Cozens, labourer, d. 1955 (Jun Q 7c/206 Taunton)

Jack married Eunice Hawker in 1948 (Jun Q 7c/549 Taunton).

Coward

A Humphry Coward Chr. 25 Mar 1565 Baltonsborough s.o. Richard Coward

1) Alice Coward married Butleigh 18 Jun 1592 George Slade #

2) Maria Coward married Butleigh 19 Oct 1597 Humphrey Orum #

3) Elinore Coward married Butleigh 25 Oct 1624 Thomas Marten?

Elinore married II Thomas Stoney Butleigh 12 Oct 1635 #

4) Andrew Coward

5) William Coward

William appears on the 1581 Subsidy Roll paying £5 5s. [SRS Vol.88]

The offspring of this family later took the surname Symcockes. Christopher Coward donated one shilling towards building Chelsea College in 1617. In his Will Christopher, of 'Cutteryne' in Evercreech left £20 to the Poor and his son in law Christopher Overton, Frances his wife and children of his sister Smith. On Jun 20 1656 after the death of Francis the residue went to Humphrey Orme, nephew.

DD/S/BT/17/1/1 1] James Levingston, Groom of the Bedchamber 2] Thomas Symcockes of Butleigh and Christopher Coward of Evercreech Assignment of 30a of Southmoor or Aldermoor in Glastonbury manor. Rent to Crown 30s.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS Date range: 1633 - 1634.

DD/S/BT/6/2/1 - 1] Thomas Powlett of Melplash, Dors and wife Alice 2] Thomas Symcockes of Butleigh son of Alice and Christopher Coward of Cutterne Mills Assignment of Moorhouse messuage, Butleigh 1637

DD/S/BT/6/3/1 - 1] Thomas Symcockes and wife Dorothy daughter of Sir John Meller 2] Sir John Meller of Little Bredy, Dors., kt 3] William Coward of Wells Settlement in trust for Dorothy of Butleigh manor, demesnes and advowson.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH Date: 1638.

DD/S/BT17/1/6 - 1] Thomas Symcockes of Butleigh and Androwes Overton of Babcary, executor of Frances widow of Christopher Coward 2] John Webb of St Martin in the Fields, Msex Assignment of 30a in Southmoor.. [Somerset Archive and Records, BUTLEIGH COURT PAPERS] Date: 1653. also DD/S/BT/18/2/12

6) Maria Coward of St. Cuthberts, Wells, widow, married Butleigh 24 Jul 1623 Richard Phillips gent widower

7) William Coward Esq b. 1634, d. 6 April 1705 Wells, bur 12 April 1705 'Sergeant at Law and Recorder' – from Chamberlain Street. Son of William Coward and Catherine Doddington.

William was related to family (5) and paid rates on South More land from 1673 until 1699. In the period 1700-1705 the ratepayer was given as either Sarj, William, Sargin, or Sergeant Coward. In 1706 the rate was paid in the name of 'the late Sargin Coward' and from 1707 – 1716 it was William Coward again (the son). In 1712 William junior was taken to court in Taunton to force an apprentice upon him. In 1715 it was noted that his tenant was Steven Slade and in 1717 it was recorded that the rate payer was 'the late William Coward'.

William Coward Gent. of Wells was recorder and MP for Wells and of Lincoln's Inn.

Cowlin

1) Walter Edward Cowlin b. 1894, labourer d. 1950 (Sep Q 7c/153 Taunton)

A John W. Cowlin married Jessie C. Chapman in 1946 (Mar Q 5c/563 Taunton) and Reginald Victor married Edith M. Anning in 1946 (Sep Q 7b/623 Taunton). In St. Mary's cemetery Taunton is a grave to Hazel Joyce Cowlin, private W/343042 died 5th May 1947. Age 19. Daughter of Walter Edward and Anna Cowlin of Taunton. Grave 2/4664.

Cox

Some Parish records liked to 'tell it straight' as they saw it – A John Luke Cocks baptized 18 Oct 1615 in neighbouring Barton St. David was the son of Mary Cocks 'both a vagrant and a whoore'

A) William Cox

A William Coxe had a daughter Christened in Baltonsborough on 21 Jan 1540.

Ilchester Sesseions1631 Andrew Tincknell maketh oath, etc., against William Coxe of Butleigh, yeoim for usinge the trade of a Baker, not beinge Apprentice. [S,R., Ixvii, iii, 57.]

1) Thomas Cockes bur. 11 Mar 1641 Butleigh